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Acceptability Judgments  

James Myers

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Acceptability judgments are reports of a speaker’s or signer’s subjective sense of the well-formedness, nativeness, or naturalness of (novel) linguistic forms. Their value comes in ... More

Anaphora in Dravidian  

K. A. Jayaseelan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Dravidian languages have a long-distance reflexive anaphor taan . (It is taan in Tamil and Malayalam, taanu in Kannada and tanu in Telugu.) As is the case with ... More

Argument Realization and Case in Japanese  

Hideki Kishimoto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Japanese is a language where the grammatical status of arguments and adjuncts is marked exclusively by postnominal case markers, and various argument realization patterns can be assessed ... More

Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Autosegmental Phonology  

William R. Leben

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his 1976 M.I.T. dissertation to represent tone and other suprasegmental phenomena. Goldsmith’s intuition, embodied in the term he created, ... More

Blocking  

Franz Rainer

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is ... More

Case  

Andrej L. Malchukov

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological case is conventionally defined as a system of marking of a dependent nominal for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. While most linguists would agree with this ... More

Children’s Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge  

Rosalind Thornton

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Children’s acquisition of language is an amazing feat. Children master the syntax, the sentence structure of their language, through exposure and interaction with caregivers and others ... More

Clinical Linguistics  

Louise Cummings

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Clinical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that applies linguistic concepts and theories to the study of language disorders. As the name suggests, clinical linguistics is a ... More

The Compositional Semantics of Modification  

Sebastian Bücking

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Modification is a combinatorial semantic operation between a modifier and a modifiee. Take, for example, vegetarian soup: the attributive adjective vegetarian modifies the nominal modifiee ... More

Compound and Complex Predicates in Japanese  

Taro Kageyama

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Compound and complex predicates—predicates that consist of two or more lexical items and function as the predicate of a single sentence—present an important class of linguistic objects ... More

Computational Approaches to Morphology  

Emmanuel Keuleers

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Syntax
Computational psycholinguistics has a long history of investigation and modeling of morphological phenomena. Several computational models have been developed to deal with the processing ... More

Computational Phonology  

Jane Chandlee and Jeffrey Heinz

Computational phonology studies the nature of the computations necessary and sufficient for characterizing phonological knowledge. As a field it is informed by the theories of computation ... More

Connectionism in Linguistic Theory  

Xiaowei Zhao

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Connectionism is an important theoretical framework for the study of human cognition and behavior. Also known as Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) or Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), ... More

Coordination in Syntax  

Grant Goodall

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
The term coordination refers to the juxtaposition of two or more conjuncts often linked by a conjunction such as and or or. The conjuncts (e.g., our friend and your teacher in Our friend ... More

Copular Constructions in Syntax  

Marcel den Dikken and Teresa O’Neill

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Copular sentences (sentences of the form A is B) have been prominent on the research agenda for linguists and philosophers of language since classical antiquity, and continue to be ... More

Cyclicity in Syntax  

Robert Freidin

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Subject:
Syntax
Cyclicity in syntax constitutes a property of derivations in which syntactic operations apply bottom-up in the production of ever larger constituents. The formulation of a principle of ... More

Derivational Economy in Syntax and Semantics  

Željko Bošković and Troy Messick

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Economy considerations have always played an important role in the generative theory of grammar. They are particularly prominent in the most recent instantiation of this approach, the ... More

Derivational Morphology  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Derivational morphology is a type of word formation that creates new lexemes, either by changing syntactic category or by adding substantial new meaning (or both) to a free or bound base. ... More

Determiners  

Phoevos Panagiotidis

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Determiners are a nominal syntactic category distinct from both adjectives and nouns; they constitute a functional (aka closed or ‘minor’) category and they are typically located high ... More

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