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Active Electroreception in Weakly Electric Fish  

Angel Ariel Caputi

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
American gymnotiformes and African mormyriformes have evolved an active sensory system using a self-generated electric field as a carrier of signals. Objects polarized by the discharge of ... More

Annelid Vision  

Cynthia M. Harley and Mark K. Asplen

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Annelid worms are simultaneously an interesting and difficult model system for understanding the evolution of animal vision. On the one hand, a wide variety of photoreceptor cells and eye ... More

Auditory Hair Cells and Sensory Transduction  

Jeffrey R. Holt and Gwenaëlle S.G. Géléoc

Online publication date:
May 2017
The organs of the vertebrate inner ear respond to a variety of mechanical stimuli: semicircular canals are sensitive to angular velocity, the saccule and utricle respond to linear ... More

Auditory Mechanisms of Echolocation in Bats  

Cynthia F. Moss

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Echolocating bats have evolved an active sensing system, which supports 3D perception of objects in the surroundings and permits spatial navigation in complete darkness. Echolocating ... More

Auditory Processing in the Aging Brain  

Gregg Recanzone

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Age-related hearing loss affects over half of the elderly population, yet it remains poorly understood. Natural aging can cause the input to the brain from the cochlea to be progressively ... More

Autonomic Thermoregulation  

Thad E. Wilson and Kristen Metzler-Wilson

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Thermoregulation is a key physiologic homeostatic process and is subdivided into autonomic, behavioral, and adaptive divisions. Autonomic thermoregulation is a neural process related to ... More

Behavioral Neuroendocrinology of Female Aggression  

Natalia Duque-Wilckens and Brian C. Trainor

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Aggressive behavior plays an essential role in survival and reproduction across animal species—it has been observed in insects, fish, reptiles, and mammals including humans. Even though ... More

Biosonar and Sound Localization in Dolphins  

Paul E. Nachtigall

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Toothed whales and dolphins, odontocete cetaceans, produce very loud biosonar sounds in order to navigate and to locate and catch their prey of fish and squid. Underwater biosonar was not ... More

Caenorhabditis elegans Feeding Behaviors  

Nicolas Dallière, Lindy Holden-Dye, James Dillon, Vincent O'Connor, and Robert J. Walker

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The microscopic free-living nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans was the first metazoan to have its genome sequenced and for many decades has served as a genetically tractable model for ... More

Caenorhabditis elegans Olfaction  

Douglas K. Reilly and Jagan Srinivasan

To survive, animals must properly sense their surrounding environment. The types of sensation that allow for detecting these changes can be categorized as tactile, thermal, aural, or ... More

Central Mechanisms Regulating Coordinated Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function  

Roger Dampney

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In response to changes in metabolic demand, the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are regulated in a highly coordinated fashion, such that both ventilation and cardiac output increase ... More

Cephalochordate Nervous System  

Simona Candiani and Mario Pestarino

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The central and peripheral nervous systems of amphioxus adults and larvae are characterized by morphofunctional features relevant to understanding the origins and evolutionary history of ... More

Cephalopod Nervous System Organization  

Z. Yan Wang and Clifton W. Ragsdale

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Cephalopod Olfaction  

Anna Di Cosmo and Gianluca Polese

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Within the Phylum Mollusca, cephalopods encompass a small and complex group of exclusively marine animals that live in all the oceans of the world with the exception of the Black and ... More

Cortical Processing of Odorants  

Yaniv Cohen, Emmanuelle Courtiol, Regina M. Sullivan, and Donald A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Odorants, inhaled through the nose or exhaled from the mouth through the nose, bind to receptors on olfactory sensory neurons. Olfactory sensory neurons project in a highly stereotyped ... More

Crayfish Escape  

Donald Edwards

Online publication date:
May 2017
Crayfish are decapod crustaceans that use different forms of escape to flee from different types of predatory attacks. Lateral and Medial Giant escapes are released by giant interneurons ... More

Crustacean Olfaction  

Charles Derby and Manfred Schmidt

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Olfaction is a chemical sense present not only in mammals, insects, and other terrestrial animals, but also in crustaceans, most of which are aquatic. Crustaceans use olfaction for ... More

Developmental Neurobiology of Anxiety and Related Disorders  

Emily M. Cohodes and Dylan G. Gee

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The majority of anxiety disorders emerge during childhood and adolescence, a developmental period characterized by dynamic changes in frontolimbic circuitry. Frontolimbic circuitry plays a ... More

Drosophila Olfaction  

Quentin Gaudry and Jonathan Schenk

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Olfactory systems are tasked with converting the chemical environment into electrical signals that the brain can use to optimize behaviors such as navigating towards resources, finding ... More

Echinoderm Nervous System  

Carlos A. Díaz-Balzac and José E. García-Arrarás

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The nervous system of echinoderms has been studied for well over a century. Nonetheless, the information available is disparate, with in-depth descriptions for the nervous component of ... More

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