Discover OREs

Discover Oxford Research Encyclopedias

The publishing model to the Oxford Research Encyclopedias (ORE) is more open, transparent, and engaging than the traditional approach to scholarly reference. Each ORE is developed in stages. Learn more about this process and currently available OREs below.

View the Homepage of Current OREs

Preview Sites
Information Sites & Article Summaries
Anthropology
Business and Management
Economics and Finance
Global Public Health
International Studies
Planetary Science

Full-text Articles
African History
American History
Asian History
Climate Science
Communications
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Education
Environmental Science
Latin American History
Linguistics
Literature
Natural Hazard Science
Neuroscience
Politics
Psychology
Religion

Available via Subscription
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Oxford Classical Dictionary

Learn more about the ORE Development Process

Each discipline-based Oxford Research Encyclopedia begins with the appointment of an Editor in Chief, who creates a plan for the development of the ORE in their field. The plan is reviewed by scholars in the field and refined. The Editor in Chief then assembles an Editorial Board to advise on article topics, potential authors, and other matters. At this stage, OUP launches an information website to announce to initiation of the project and to provide background on its goals and direction.

The ORE then moves into a commissioning phase, where authors are invited to write on topics they know best. Authors are given an option to submit a brief summary in advance of their full article, and these summaries are published as they are approved. Full articles undergo multiple rounds of peer review, and once approved they are published online.

New approved articles and new summaries are added to the ORE on an ongoing basis. The full website is entirely free during an initial development period of several years. After a significant amount of content has been published, there fee to access all of the articles on the site, although a portion remains freely accessible. All fees go back into the project to fund the ongoing editorial work.