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Analytical Liberalism, Neoclassical Realism, and the Need for Empirical Analyses  

Mark R. Brawley

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Two approaches currently enjoy widespread popularity among foreign policy analysts: Analytical Liberalism and Neoclassical Realism. On the surface, they seem remarkably similar. Both ... More

Analytical Marxism  

Nicholas Vrousalis

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Marxists believe that an understanding of human society presupposes an understanding of the nature of the production of its material surplus and the nature of control over that surplus. ... More

Autocracy  

Erica Frantz

Dictatorships have dominated global politics for hundreds of years, from the pharaohs of Egypt to the absolute monarchs of Europe. Though democracy has since spread to much of the world, ... More

Basic Income  

Simon Birnbaum

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The idea that states should provide a means-tested guaranteed minimum income for citizens who are unable to meet their basic needs is widely shared and has been a central component in the ... More

Civil Disobedience and Conscientious Objection  

William Smith and Kimberley Brownlee

Online publication date:
May 2017
Civil disobedience and conscientious objection are distinct but related social practices that display people’s opposition to specific laws, policies, directives, or schemes. In general, ... More

Comparative Political Regimes: Consensus and Majoritarian Democracy  

Matthijs Bogaards

Ever since Aristotle, the comparative study of political regimes and their performance has relied on classifications and typologies. The study of democracy today has been influenced ... More

Constitutionalism  

Emily Zackin

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The study of constitutionalism often begins with the question of what a constitution is. Sometimes the term refers to a single legal document with that name, but the term “constitution” ... More

Contextualism in Normative Political Theory  

Sune Lægaard

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Contextualism denotes a set of ideas about the importance of attention to context. The topic of the article is contextualism in normative political theory/philosophy, in relation to the ... More

Critical Theory: Self-Reflexive Theorizing and Struggles for Emancipation  

Fabian Freyenhagen

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Critical Theory is an umbrella term to denote those theorists who take up the task described by Karl Marx as the self-clarification of the age struggles and wishes of the age. ... More

Discrimination  

Frej Klem Thomsen

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
The conceptualization and moral analysis of discrimination constitutes a burgeoning theoretical field, with a number of open problems and a rapidly developing literature. A central problem ... More

Equality and Political Philosophy  

Iwao Hirose and Shlomi Segall

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Equality is an undisputed political and moral value. But until quite recently, political philosophers have not fully explored its complexity. The literature on equality and egalitarianism ... More

Ethics in Foreign Policy  

Dan Bulley

Online publication date:
May 2017
Ethics and foreign policy have long been considered different arenas, which can only be bridged with great analytical and practical difficulty. However, with the rise of post-positivist ... More

Exploitation  

Benjamin Ferguson

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The concept of exploitation is often invoked in situations where relatively impoverished people are treated unfairly in economic and social contexts. While the claim that exploitation ... More

Freedom of Speech  

Jonathan Riley

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
John Stuart Mill is a liberal icon, widely praised in particular for his stirring defense of freedom of speech. A neo-Millian theory of free speech is outlined and contrasted in important ... More

The Free Market  

Jason Brennan

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. Market ... More

Gender and Religiosity in the United States  

Mirya R. Holman and Erica Podrazik

Religiosity is a combination of public and private religious practices, beliefs, and experiences. While diversity exists in how religiosity is measured, three central components are ... More

Indigenous Self-Determination  

Marc Woons

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. All over ... More

Justice Between Generations  

Tim Meijers

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
A wide range of issues in moral, political, and legal philosophy fall under the heading of “intergenerational justice,” such as questions of justice between the young and the old, ... More

Liberalism  

Samuel Freeman

Liberalism in politics is associated with nonauthoritarianism, the rule of law, constitutional government with limited powers, and the guarantee of civil and political liberties. A liberal ... More

Libertarianism  

Bas Van Der Vossen

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Libertarianism is a theory in political philosophy that strongly values individual freedom and is skeptical about the justified scope of government in our lives. Libertarians see ... More

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