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Agenda Setting and Case Selection on the U.S. Supreme Court  

Elizabeth A. Lane and Ryan C. Black

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The Supreme Court’s docket consists of thousands of cases each term, with petitioners hoping at least four justices will be compelled to grant review to their case. The decision to move a ... More

Constitutional Law  

Axel Tschentscher

Research on constitutional law has come in different waves mirroring the development of states in recent decades. While the decolonization period of the 1960s still kept the old ties of ... More

Courts and Social Policy  

Jeb Barnes

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
How do courts affect social policy? Answering this question is deceptively complex. Part of the challenge stems from the sheer scope of contemporary judicial policymaking, particularly in ... More

The Diverging Theory and Practice of International Law  

Leslie Johns

Online publication date:
May 2017
Existing theories of international law are largely state-centric. While international cooperation can benefit all, states are often tempted to violate their promises in order to manage ... More

Expectancy Theory and the Election of Judges: Do Judicial Campaigns Really Stink?  

Michael J. Nelson and James L. Gibson

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Even though most judges in the United States stand for election in the context of strong normative objections to the practice of electing judges, political scientists have produced a ... More

Freedom of Speech  

Jonathan Riley

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
John Stuart Mill is a liberal icon, widely praised in particular for his stirring defense of freedom of speech. A neo-Millian theory of free speech is outlined and contrasted in important ... More

From International Law and International Relations to Law and World Politics  

Christopher A. Whytock

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Political scientists—primarily in the discipline’s international relations subfield—have long studied international law. After considering how political scientists and legal scholars ... More

Gender and the Law  

Susan Haire and Laura P. Moyer

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Global Actors: Networks, Elites, and Institutions  

Mikael Rask Madsen and Mikkel Jarle Christensen

Over the past several decades scholars have intensively debated what factors drive globalization. Answers have ranged from the emergence of the information society and the global economy ... More

The Judicial Hierarchy  

John P. Kastellec

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Crucial to understanding the behavior of judges and the outputs of courts is the institutional context in which they operate. One key component of courts’ institutional structure is that ... More

Judicial Impact  

Thomas M. Keck and Logan Strother

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Scholars have long been interested in judicial impact—the ability of courts to meaningfully alter policy or politics—because judicial decisions shape law, have the potential to affect many ... More

Judicial Independence as the Outcome of a Political System  

Jeffrey K. Staton

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. A broad ... More

The Judicialization of Politics Disentangled  

Rebecca Hamlin and Gemma Sala

Online publication date:
May 2018
The judicialization of politics is an expression that has been widely used in the fields of comparative law and judicial politics alike since it first emerged in the 1980s. Yet, despite ... More

Marriage Equality Policy Diffusion  

Helma G. E. de Vries-Jordan

Marriage equality movements have been successful in achieving policy change in an increasing number of states. Hence, a growing body of scholarship has explored institutional and cultural ... More

Referendums  

Matthew Qvortrup

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Role of Reparations in the Transition from Violence to Peace  

Peter J. Dixon

Reparations are among the most tangible, victim-centric, and personal of processes in the transition from violence to peace, symbolizing the recognition that an individual has been harmed ... More

The Supreme Court Decision Making Process  

Timothy R. Johnson

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The U.S. Supreme Court is but one of three political institutions within the structure of the U.S. federal government. Within this system of separated powers it rules on the ... More

Theorizing the U.S. Supreme Court  

Charles M. Cameron and Lewis A. Kornhauser

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
We summarize the formal theoretical literature on Supreme Court decision-making. We focus on two core questions: What does the Supreme Court of the United States do, and how can one model ... More

Transitional Justice During Armed Conflict  

Cyanne E. Loyle

Armed conflict is ultimately about the violent confrontation between two or more groups; however, there is a range of behaviors, both violent and nonviolent, pursued by governments and ... More

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