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Alcohol Abuse and Drug Use in Sport and Performance  

Matthew P. Martens

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Issues associated with athletics, alcohol abuse, and drug use continue to be salient aspects of popular culture. These issues include high-profile athletes experiencing public incidents as ... More

Bullying in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Leslee A. Fisher and Lars Dzikus

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Bullying is a growing problem in sport and performance settings. Bullying falls under the umbrella of “athlete maltreatment,” which includes any form of harm and all relationships where ... More

Burnout in Sport and Performance  

Robert C. Eklund and J.D. Defreese

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Athlete burnout is a cognitive-affective syndrome characterized by perceptions of emotional and physical exhaustion, reduced accomplishment, and devaluation of sport. A variety of ... More

Coaching Behavior and Effectiveness in Sport and Exercise Psychology  

Ronald E. Smith and Frank L. Smoll

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Coaches occupy a central role in sport, fulfilling instructional, organizational, strategic, and social relationship functions, and their relationships with athletes influence both skill ... More

Communication and Intergroup Relations  

Jake Harwood

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The subfield of communication and intergroup relations attempts to disentangle the ways in which human message exchange is influenced by, and itself affects, relations between social ... More

Conflict Management  

Patricia Elgoibar, Martin Euwema, and Lourdes Munduate

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Conflicts are part of nature and certainly part of human relations, between individuals, as well as within and between groups. Conflicts occur in every domain of life: family, work, and ... More

Empathy and Altruism  

Eric L. Stocks and David A. Lishner

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The term empathy has been used as a label for a broad range of phenomena, including feeling what another person is feeling, understanding another person’s point of view, and imagining ... More

Ethical Considerations in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Edward F. Etzel and Leigh A. Skvarla

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The field of sport, exercise, and performance psychology (SEPP) has evolved over the past 100 plus years. SEPP includes professional consultants, teachers, researchers, and students from ... More

Evaluation of Psychological Interventions in Sport and Exercise Settings  

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Jedediah E. Blanton

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
It is important for sport and exercise psychology (SEP) professionals to demonstrate that the interventions they employ make a difference. Assessing the degree of an intervention’s ... More

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  

Diane L. Gill

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gender and cultural diversity are ever-present and powerful in sport, exercise, and performance settings. Our cultural identities affect our behaviors and interactions with others. As ... More

Goal-Setting Theory: Causal Relationships, Mediators, and Moderators  

Gary P. Latham

Online publication date:
May 2016
Consciously setting a specific, difficult, challenging goal leads to high performance for four reasons. Specificity results in (1) the choice to focus on goal-relevant activities and to ... More

Group Processes  

Charles Stangor

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Group process refers to the behaviors of the members of small working groups (usually between three and twelve members) as they engage in decision-making and task performance. ... More

Habit Formation and Behavior Change  

Benjamin Gardner

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. Within ... More

History of Organizational Psychology  

Helio Carpintero

Organizational psychology represents an important theoretical and practical field of contemporary psychological science that studies mental and behavioral phenomena that take place in ... More

Human Resource Management and Organizational Psychology  

David E. Guest

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Human resources (HR) management addresses those policies, practices, and activities concerned with the management of people in organizations. Although it is typically considered at ... More

Identity Development in Adolescence and Adulthood  

Jane Kroger

Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson was the first professional to describe and use the concept of ego identity in his writings on what constitutes healthy personality development for every ... More

Job and Work Design  

Anja Van den Broeck and Sharon K. Parker

Online publication date:
May 2017
Job design or work design refers to the content, structure, and organization of tasks and activities. It is mostly studied in terms of job characteristics, such as autonomy, workload, role ... More

Methods of Health Behavior Change  

Ildiko Tombor and Susan Michie

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
People’s behavior influences health, for example, in the prevention, early detection, and treatment of disease, the management of illness, and the optimization of healthcare professionals’ ... More

Organizational Climate and Culture  

Mark G. Ehrhart and Benjamin Schneider

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Research on the internal psychosocial environment of work organizations has largely been captured through the study of two constructs: organizational climate and organizational culture. ... More

Perfectionism and Performance in Sport, Education, and the Workplace  

Daniel J. Madigan, Andrew P. Hill, Sarah H. Mallinson-Howard, Thomas Curran, and Gareth E. Jowett

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Perfectionism and performance have long been intertwined. The conceptual history of this relationship is best considered complex, with some theorists maintaining that perfectionism is ... More

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