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Empathy and Altruism  

Eric L. Stocks and David A. Lishner

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The term empathy has been used as a label for a broad range of phenomena, including feeling what another person is feeling, understanding another person’s point of view, and imagining ... More

Ethical Considerations in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Edward F. Etzel and Leigh A. Skvarla

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The field of sport, exercise, and performance psychology (SEPP) has evolved over the past 100 plus years. SEPP includes professional consultants, teachers, researchers, and students from ... More

Evaluation of Psychological Interventions in Sport and Exercise Settings  

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Jedediah E. Blanton

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
It is important for sport and exercise psychology (SEP) professionals to demonstrate that the interventions they employ make a difference. Assessing the degree of an intervention’s ... More

Everyday Salivary Cortisol as a Biomarker Method in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Christiane A. Hoppmann, Theresa Pauly, Victoria I. Michalowski, and Urs M. Nater

Everyday salivary cortisol is a popular biomarker that is uniquely suited to address key lifespan developmental questions. Specifically, it can be used to shed light on the time-varying ... More

Evidence-Based Psychotherapies  

Alan E. Kazdin

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Research in psychotherapy has developed a number of treatments, numbering well over 300, that have a strong evidence base. These treatments can be applied to a broad range of psychiatric ... More

Exercise Psychology Considerations for Chronically Ill Patients  

Ray Marks

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
There is no doubt that exercise, a vital health-promoting activity, regardless of health status, produces numerous well-established physical, functional, and mental health benefits. Many ... More

Experience Sampling in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Michaela Riediger and Antje Rauers

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Experience-sampling methodology (ESM) captures everyday events and experiences during, or shortly after, their natural occurrence in people’s daily lives. It is typically implemented with ... More

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  

Diane L. Gill

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gender and cultural diversity are ever-present and powerful in sport, exercise, and performance settings. Our cultural identities affect our behaviors and interactions with others. As ... More

Gender in a Social Psychology Context  

Thekla Morgenroth and Michelle K. Ryan

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Understanding gender and gender differences is a prevalent aim in many psychological subdisciplines. Social psychology has tended to employ a binary understanding of gender and has focused ... More

Goal-Setting Theory: Causal Relationships, Mediators, and Moderators  

Gary P. Latham

Online publication date:
May 2016
Consciously setting a specific, difficult, challenging goal leads to high performance for four reasons. Specificity results in (1) the choice to focus on goal-relevant activities and to ... More

Grief Therapy  

Robert A. Neimeyer and Melissa A. Smigelsky

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Death and loss are universal human experiences, yet understandings of and attitudes toward expressing grief have shifted across time. The earliest psychological conceptualization of grief ... More

Group Processes  

Charles Stangor

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Group process refers to the behaviors of the members of small working groups (usually between three and twelve members) as they engage in decision-making and task performance. ... More

Habit Formation and Behavior Change  

Benjamin Gardner

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. Within ... More

History of Organizational Psychology  

Helio Carpintero

Organizational psychology represents an important theoretical and practical field of contemporary psychological science that studies mental and behavioral phenomena that take place in ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia  

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Australian sport psychology was effectively “launched” in conjunction with the establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) in 1981. Prior to this date, sport psychology sat ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe  

Stiliani "Ani" Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The evolution in sport, exercise, and performance psychology in Europe goes back to the 1800s and spread from the east (Germany and Russia) to the west of the continent (France). Modern ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in North America  

Vincent J. Granito

Online publication date:
May 2017
The history of sport, exercise, and performance psychology in North America dates back to the late 1800s. However, these professionals typically conducted research in the area of motor ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa  

Clinton Gähwiler, Lee Hill, and Valerie Grand’Maison

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Human Resource Management and Organizational Psychology  

David E. Guest

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Human resources (HR) management addresses those policies, practices, and activities concerned with the management of people in organizations. Although it is typically considered at ... More

Identity Development in Adolescence and Adulthood  

Jane Kroger

Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson was the first professional to describe and use the concept of ego identity in his writings on what constitutes healthy personality development for every ... More

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