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Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression  

Felipe B. Schuch and Brendon Stubbs

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Depression is a leading cause of global burden affecting people across all ages, genders, and socioeconomic groups. Antidepressants are the cornerstone of treatment, yet treatment response ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Quality of Life  

Brian C. Focht and Ciaran M. Fairman

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is a multidimensional subcomponent of quality of life involving subjective appraisal of various dimensions of one’s life that can be affected by ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Sleep  

Sayaka Aritake-Okada and Sunao Uchida

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Potentially Harmful Treatments  

Scott O. Lilienfeld

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Although psychotherapy is on balance effective for a broad array of psychological problems, a relatively small but steadily accumulating body of evidence suggests that at least some ... More

Prevalence, Measurement, and Experience of Eating Disorders in Sport and Retirement  

Trent A. Petrie

Although the specific prevalence rates may vary, eating disorders (ED) affect male and female athletes regardless of sport type and competitive level. Generally, rates of subclinical ... More

Psychodynamic Psychotherapies  

Mary V. Minges and Jacques P. Barber

Online publication date:
May 2017
Psychodynamic psychotherapies (PDP) is an umbrella term for a variety of therapeutic modalities that have evolved out of the psychoanalytic/psychodynamic tradition, each theorizing a ... More

Psychological Aspects of Athletic Training  

Heather N. Schuyler, Brieanne R. Seguin, Nicole Anne Wilkins, and J. Jordan Hamson-Utley

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The practice of athletic training involves both physical and psychological strategies when leading patients through the injury recovery process. Research on the psychology of injury offers ... More

Psychological Aspects of Tobacco Control  

Jennifer McGowan and Lion Shahab

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Worldwide, tobacco use is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. However, the health effects of smoking are reversible, making smoking cessation an important target for public health ... More

Psychological Assessment of Older Persons  

Jarred Gallegos, Julie Lutz, Emma Katz, and Barry Edelstein

The assessment of older adults is quite challenging in light of the many age-related physiological and metabolic changes, increased number of chronic diseases with potential psychiatric ... More

Psychological Considerations for Children and Adolescents in Sport and Performance  

Mary Fry and Candace M. Hogue

Online publication date:
May 2018
There is a large literature base within the field of sport psychology that provides tremendous direction to coaches and parents on how to structure youth sport so that young athletes ... More

Psychological Considerations for Paralympic Athletes  

Jeffrey Martin

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Paralympics are the pinnacle of sporting competition for athletes with physical and intellectual impairments. Most Paralympians have intellectual or sensory (e.g., visual) or physical ... More

Psychological Considerations for the Older Athlete  

Bradley W. Young, Bettina Callary, and Scott Rathwell

Online publication date:
May 2018
Paralleling the graying of the baby boomer generation, there has been remarkable growth in the number of Masters athletes (adult sport participants generally 35+ years old) and Seniors ... More

Psychological Considerations of Adolescents in Sport and Performance  

Katherine A. Tamminen and Courtney Braun

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Adolescent athletes face increasing opportunities for competition at higher levels, as well as increasing demands on their time, pressure from parents and coaches, and conflicts with ... More

Psychological Imagery in Sport and Performance  

Krista J. Munroe-Chandler and Michelle D. Guerrero

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Imagery, which can be used by anyone, is appealing to performers because it is executed individually and can be performed at anytime and anywhere. The breadth of the application of imagery ... More

Psychological Responses to Scarcity  

Jiaying Zhao and Brandon M. Tomm

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Scarcity is the condition of having insufficient resources to cope with demands. This condition presents significant challenges to the human cognitive system. For example, having limited ... More

Psychological Responses to Sport Injury  

Britton W. Brewer

Online publication date:
May 2017
In addition to the disruptive impact of sport injury on physical functioning, injury can have psychological effects on athletes. Consistent with contemporary models of psychological ... More

Psychological Stress and Cellular Aging  

Idan Shalev and Waylon J. Hastings

Stress is a multistage process during which an organism perceives, interprets, and responds to threatening environmental stimuli. Physiological activity in the nervous, endocrine, and ... More

Psychological Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder  

Simona C. Kaplan, Michaela B. Swee, and Richard G. Heimberg

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by fear of being negatively evaluated by others in social situations. Multiple psychological interventions have been developed to treat SAD. ... More

Psychosocial Measurement Issues in Sport and Exercise Settings  

Gershon Tenenbaum and Edson Filho

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Trustworthy measurement is essential to make inferences about people and events, as well as to make scientific inquiries and comprehend human behaviors. Measurement is used for validating ... More

Relaxation and Recovery in Sport and Performance  

Maximilian Pelka and Michael Kellmann

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The sport and performance environment is highly demanding for its actors. Therefore, recovery from work and sports requires special attention. Without adequate recovery, optimal ... More

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