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ADHD in Children and Adolescents  

Kelsey E. Woods, Christina M. Danko, and Andrea Chronis-Tuscano

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. ... More

Capacity Assessment Across Functional Domains in Later Life  

Benjamin T. Mast and Diana DiGasbarro

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Clinicians conduct capacity evaluations to determine an older adult’s ability to make and execute a decision within key domains of functioning. Questions of capacity often arise when an ... More

Caregiving Issues for Older Adults  

Andres Losada

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Caring for an older adult who needs help or supervision is in many cases associated with mental and physical health issues, especially if the care recipient has dementia, although positive ... More

Competency to Stand Trial in the American Legal System  

Ronald Roesch

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Competency to stand trial is a long-established legal principle in the U.S. criminal justice system that ensures that a criminal defendant’s right to a fair trial is protected. Fundamental ... More

Depression Among Athletes and the Potential Impact on Performance  

Zella Moore, Jamie Leboff, and Kehana Bonagura

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Major depressive disorder, dysthymia, and bipolar disorder are very common diagnoses seen among athletes, and they are serious conditions that can be debilitating if not properly ... More

Evidence-Based Psychotherapies  

Alan E. Kazdin

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Research in psychotherapy has developed a number of treatments, numbering well over 300, that have a strong evidence base. These treatments can be applied to a broad range of psychiatric ... More

Grief Therapy  

Robert A. Neimeyer and Melissa A. Smigelsky

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Death and loss are universal human experiences, yet understandings of and attitudes toward expressing grief have shifted across time. The earliest psychological conceptualization of grief ... More

Habit Formation and Behavior Change  

Benjamin Gardner

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. Within ... More

Influence of Anxiety on Cognitive Control Processes  

DeMond M. Grant and Evan J. White

Cognitive control is the ability to direct attention and cognitive resources toward achieving one’s goals. However, research indicates that anxiety biases multiple cognitive processes, ... More

Intergenerational Transmission of Risk for Behavioral Problems Including Substance Use  

Deborah M. Capaldi, David C. R. Kerr, and Stacey S. Tiberio

Intergenerational studies are key to informing research, preventive intervention, and policy regarding family influences on healthy development and maladjustment. Continuities in family ... More

Internet-Based Methods in Managing Alcohol Misuse  

Stuart Linke and Elizabeth Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Alcohol-use disorders are widespread and associated with a greatly increased risk of health-related and societal harms. The majority of harms associated with consumption are experienced by ... More

Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Older Adults  

Gregory A. Hinrichsen

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
In clinical practice with older adults, depression is a common presenting problem and is usually interwoven with one or more life problems. These problems are often the focus of ... More

Memory Rehabilitation in Healthy Aging  

Nicole D. Anderson

Healthy aging is accompanied by decrements in episodic memory and working memory. Significant efforts have therefore been made to augment episodic and working memory in healthy older ... More

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

Jonathan S. Abramowitz

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most destructive psychological disorders. Its symptoms often interfere with work or school, interpersonal relationships, and with ... More

Personality Assessment in Clinical Psychology  

Katy W. Martin-Fernandez and Yossef S. Ben-Porath

Attempts at informal personality assessment can be traced back to our distant ancestors. As the field of Clinical Psychology emerged and developed over time, efforts were made to create ... More

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression  

Felipe B. Schuch and Brendon Stubbs

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Depression is a leading cause of global burden affecting people across all ages, genders, and socioeconomic groups. Antidepressants are the cornerstone of treatment, yet treatment response ... More

Potentially Harmful Treatments  

Scott O. Lilienfeld

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Although psychotherapy is on balance effective for a broad array of psychological problems, a relatively small but steadily accumulating body of evidence suggests that at least some ... More

Prevalence, Measurement, and Experience of Eating Disorders in Sport and Retirement  

Trent A. Petrie

Although the specific prevalence rates may vary, eating disorders (ED) affect male and female athletes regardless of sport type and competitive level. Generally, rates of subclinical ... More

Psychodynamic Psychotherapies  

Mary V. Minges and Jacques P. Barber

Online publication date:
May 2017
Psychodynamic psychotherapies (PDP) is an umbrella term for a variety of therapeutic modalities that have evolved out of the psychoanalytic/psychodynamic tradition, each theorizing a ... More

Psychological Assessment of Older Persons  

Jarred Gallegos, Julie Lutz, Emma Katz, and Barry Edelstein

The assessment of older adults is quite challenging in light of the many age-related physiological and metabolic changes, increased number of chronic diseases with potential psychiatric ... More

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