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Aging Couples: Benefits and Costs of Long Intimate Relations  

Victoria I. Michalowski, Denis Gerstorf, and Christiane A. Hoppmann

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Aging does not occur in isolation, but often involves significant others such as spouses. Whether such dyadic associations involve gains or losses depends on a myriad of factors, including ... More

Attitudes  

Lukas J. Wolf, Geoff Haddock, and Greg Maio

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Cognitive Consistency in Social Cognition  

Skylar M. Brannon and Bertram Gawronski

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The desire to maintain consistency between cognitions has been recognized by many psychologists as an important human motive. Research on this topic has been highly influential in a ... More

Collective Mobilization and Social Protest  

Martijn van Zomeren

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The social psychology of collective mobilization and social protest reflects a long-standing interest within this discipline in the larger question of how social change comes about through ... More

Communication and Intergroup Relations  

Jake Harwood

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The subfield of communication and intergroup relations attempts to disentangle the ways in which human message exchange is influenced by, and itself affects, relations between social ... More

Compliance and Social Psychology  

Chad R. Mortensen and Robert B. Cialdini

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. It is ... More

Conflict Management  

Patricia Elgoibar, Martin Euwema, and Lourdes Munduate

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Conflicts are part of nature and certainly part of human relations, between individuals, as well as within and between groups. Conflicts occur in every domain of life: family, work, and ... More

Critical Role of Social–Cognitive Age Representations  

Alison Chasteen, Maria Iankilevitch, Jordana Schiralli, and Veronica Bergstrom

In 2016, Statistics Canada released the results of the most recent census. For the first time ever, the proportion of Canadians aged 65-plus years surpassed the proportion aged 15 and ... More

Dual Process Models of Persuasion  

Andrew Luttrell

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Issues of attitudes and attitude change are the foundation of many social processes. Psychologists have long sought to understand people’s opinions and evaluations and many studies have ... More

Empathy and Altruism  

Eric L. Stocks and David A. Lishner

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The term empathy has been used as a label for a broad range of phenomena, including feeling what another person is feeling, understanding another person’s point of view, and imagining ... More

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  

Diane L. Gill

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gender and cultural diversity are ever-present and powerful in sport, exercise, and performance settings. Our cultural identities affect our behaviors and interactions with others. As ... More

Gender in a Social Psychology Context  

Thekla Morgenroth and Michelle K. Ryan

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Understanding gender and gender differences is a prevalent aim in many psychological subdisciplines. Social psychology has tended to employ a binary understanding of gender and has focused ... More

Group Processes  

Charles Stangor

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Group process refers to the behaviors of the members of small working groups (usually between three and twelve members) as they engage in decision-making and task performance. ... More

Habit Formation and Behavior Change  

Benjamin Gardner

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. Within ... More

Identity Development in Adolescence and Adulthood  

Jane Kroger

Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson was the first professional to describe and use the concept of ego identity in his writings on what constitutes healthy personality development for every ... More

Immigration, Migration, and Culture  

Victoria M. Esses

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Migration is the movement of people from one location to another, either within a country (internal migration between cities or regions) or between countries (international migration). ... More

Justice in Teams  

Vincente Martínez-Tur and Carolina Moliner

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Traditionally, justice in teams refers to a specific climate—called justice climate—describing shared perceptions about how the team as a whole is treated. Justice at the individual level ... More

Motivation in Sport and Performance  

Glyn C. Roberts, Christina G. L. Nerstad, and P. Nicolas Lemyre

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Motivation is the largest single topic in psychology, with at least 32 theories that attempt to explain why people are or are not motivated to achieve. Within sport psychology research, ... More

Psychological Responses to Scarcity  

Jiaying Zhao and Brandon M. Tomm

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Scarcity is the condition of having insufficient resources to cope with demands. This condition presents significant challenges to the human cognitive system. For example, having limited ... More

Religion and Spirituality in Sport  

Ivo Jirásek

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. Human ... More

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