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Alcohol Abuse and Drug Use in Sport and Performance  

Matthew P. Martens

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Issues associated with athletics, alcohol abuse, and drug use continue to be salient aspects of popular culture. These issues include high-profile athletes experiencing public incidents as ... More

Arousal Control in Sport  

Martin Turner and Marc Jones

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Sport and stress are intertwined. Muhammad Ali once said, “I always felt pressure before a big fight, because what was happening was real.” As this quote attests, sport is real, ... More

Attentional Processes in Sport and Performance  

Aidan Moran and John Toner

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
We are constantly bombarded by information. Therefore, during every waking moment of our lives, we face decisions about which stimuli to prioritize and which ones to ignore. To complicate ... More

Automatic Regulation Used in Sport and Exercise Research  

Amanda L. Rebar

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Much of our sport and physical activity behavior is regulated by processes occurring outside of conscious awareness. In contrast, most sport and physical activity research focuses on ... More

Bullying in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Leslee A. Fisher and Lars Dzikus

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Bullying is a growing problem in sport and performance settings. Bullying falls under the umbrella of “athlete maltreatment,” which includes any form of harm and all relationships where ... More

Burnout in Sport and Performance  

Robert C. Eklund and J.D. Defreese

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Athlete burnout is a cognitive-affective syndrome characterized by perceptions of emotional and physical exhaustion, reduced accomplishment, and devaluation of sport. A variety of ... More

Coaching Behavior and Effectiveness in Sport and Exercise Psychology  

Ronald E. Smith and Frank L. Smoll

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Coaches occupy a central role in sport, fulfilling instructional, organizational, strategic, and social relationship functions, and their relationships with athletes influence both skill ... More

Concussion in Sport  

Anthony P. Kontos and Jamie McAllister-Deitrick

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Concussions affect millions of athletes of all ages each year in a variety of sports. Athletes in certain sports such as American football, ice hockey, rugby, soccer, and combative sports ... More

Counseling and Communication Skills in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Jack Watson, Robert Hilliard, and William Way

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Although many sport and performance psychology (SPP) practitioners are not specifically practicing psychology or counseling, there are numerous counseling and communication skills that ... More

Depression Among Athletes and the Potential Impact on Performance  

Zella Moore, Jamie Leboff, and Kehana Bonagura

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Major depressive disorder, dysthymia, and bipolar disorder are very common diagnoses seen among athletes, and they are serious conditions that can be debilitating if not properly ... More

Developing Athletes in the Context of Sport and Performance Psychology  

Luc J. Martin, David J. Hancock, and Jean Côté

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Talent development in sport is achieved through years of preparation and requires constant interaction between personal and contextual resources. Accordingly, extensive research has been ... More

Emotional Self-Regulation in Sport and Performance  

Claudio Robazza and Montse C. Ruiz

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Emotions are multifaceted subjective feelings that reflect expected, current, or past interactions with the environment. They involve sets of interrelated psychological processes, ... More

Ethical Considerations in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Edward F. Etzel and Leigh A. Skvarla

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The field of sport, exercise, and performance psychology (SEPP) has evolved over the past 100 plus years. SEPP includes professional consultants, teachers, researchers, and students from ... More

Evaluation of Psychological Interventions in Sport and Exercise Settings  

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Jedediah E. Blanton

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
It is important for sport and exercise psychology (SEP) professionals to demonstrate that the interventions they employ make a difference. Assessing the degree of an intervention’s ... More

Exercise Psychology Considerations for Chronically Ill Patients  

Ray Marks

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
There is no doubt that exercise, a vital health-promoting activity, regardless of health status, produces numerous well-established physical, functional, and mental health benefits. Many ... More

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  

Diane L. Gill

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Gender and cultural diversity are ever-present and powerful in sport, exercise, and performance settings. Our cultural identities affect our behaviors and interactions with others. As ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia  

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Australian sport psychology was effectively “launched” in conjunction with the establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) in 1981. Prior to this date, sport psychology sat ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe  

Stiliani "Ani" Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The evolution in sport, exercise, and performance psychology in Europe goes back to the 1800s and spread from the east (Germany and Russia) to the west of the continent (France). Modern ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in North America  

Vincent J. Granito

Online publication date:
May 2017
The history of sport, exercise, and performance psychology in North America dates back to the late 1800s. However, these professionals typically conducted research in the area of motor ... More

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa  

Clinton Gähwiler, Lee Hill, and Valerie Grand’Maison

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

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