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Community-Oriented Primary Health Care for Improving Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health  

Amira M. Khan, Zohra S. Lassi, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Nearly 80% of the world’s population lives in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and these regions bear the greatest burden of maternal, neonatal, and child mortality, with most of ... More

Convergence Theory and the Salmon Effect in Migrant Health  

Yudit Namer and Oliver Razum

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
For decades, researchers have been puzzled by the finding that despite low socioeconomic status, fewer social mobility opportunities, and access barriers to health care, some migrant ... More

Environmental Health Concerns From Unconventional Natural Gas Development  

Irena Gorski and Brian S. Schwartz

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Unconventional natural gas development (UNGD), which includes the processes of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing to extract natural gas from unconventional reservoirs such as ... More

Health Care Access for Migrants in Europe  

Catherine A. O'Donnell

Migration is a reality of today’s world, with over one billion migrants worldwide. While many choose to move voluntarily, others are forced to migrate due to economic reasons or to flee ... More

Health Diplomacy in the Political Process of Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean  

Paulo Buss and Sebastián Tobar

The construction of the concepts of diplomacy and health diplomacy must consider their conceptions and practices, at both the global and regional levels. Health diplomacy is vitally ... More

Health Equity Metrics  

Juan Garay, David Chiriboga, Nefer Kelley, and Adam Garay

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
There is one common health objective among all nations, as stated in the constitution of the World Health Organization in 1947: progress towards the best feasible level of health for all ... More

Health for All and Primary Health Care, 1978–2018: A Historical Perspective on Policies and Programs Over 40 Years  

Susan B. Rifkin

In 1978, at an international conference in Kazakhstan, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund put forward a policy proposal entitled “Primary Health ... More

Health in All Policies: Perspectives From the Region of the Americas  

Kira Fortune, Francisco Becerra, Paulo Buss, Orielle Solar, Patricia Ribeiro, and Gabriela E. Keahon

There is a broad consensus that the health of an individual or population is not influenced solely by the efforts of the formal health sector; rather, it is also defined by the conditions ... More

Health Policies and Systems in Latin America  

Asa Cristina Laurell and Ligia Giovanella

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Since the early 1990s, health policy in Latin America has focused on reform in most countries with the explicit purpose to increase access, decrease inequity, and provide financial ... More

Health Status of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Europe  

Rachel Humphris and Hannah Bradby

The health status of refugees and asylum seekers varies significantly across the European region. Differences are attributed to the political nature of the legal categories of “asylum ... More

History of Public Health in Latin America  

Marcos Cueto and Steven Palmer

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
From the late 19th to the late 20th century, Latin America was a developing region of the world in which public and private health discourses, practices, and a network of agencies were ... More

HIV Ed: A Global Perspective  

Ralph J. DiClemente and Nihari Patel

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
At the end of 2016, there were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV worldwide with 1.6 million people being newly infected. In the same year, 1 million people died from ... More

Impacts of Climate Change on Workers’ Health and Safety  

Barry S. Levy and Cora Roelofs

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Climate change has increased the risk to workers’ health and safety. Workers, especially those who work outdoors or in hot indoor environments, are at increased risk of heat stress and ... More

Mental Health of Migrant Children  

Saida M. Abdi

The psychosocial well-being of migrant children has become an urgent issue facing many Western countries as the number of migrant children in the population increases rapidly and ... More

Mental Health of Refugees  

Jutta Lindert

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
People who are forcibly displaced are forced to flee by serious threats to fundamental human rights, caused by factors such as persecution, armed conflict, and indiscriminate violence. ... More

Migration and Obesity  

Solveig A. Cunningham and Hadewijch Vandenheede

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
There are over 230 million international migrants worldwide, and this number continues to grow. Migrants tend to have limited access to and knowledge about resources and preventative care ... More

Racism and Indigenous Health  

Yin Paradies

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
There are an estimated 300 million indigenous peoples worldwide. Although there is ample evidence of worse health and social outcomes for the majority of indigenous peoples, compared to ... More

Regional Studies of Indigenous Health: Europe and Russia  

Peter Bjerregaard

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Global Public Health. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The People’s Health Movement  

Ravi Narayan

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Global Public Health. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Vaccine Hesitancy  

Eve Dubé and Noni E. MacDonald

Vaccination is one of the greatest public health successes. With sanitation and clean water, vaccines are estimated to have saved more lives over the past 100 years than any other health ... More

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