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date: 09 December 2018

Summary and Keywords

During the Nara period (710–794), the Japanese religious and political landscape saw tremendous change. A new capital was built, Chinese legal codes were implemented, and the Buddhist temples grew in size and number. Traditionally, Nara period Buddhism has been described in terms of the so-called “Six Schools.” It is certainly the case that the 8th century became the cornerstone of later doctrinal and ritual developments, but the Buddhist context was more complex and intertwined than these six forms of Buddhism.

Keywords: Nara period, Heian period, state Buddhism, Hossō, Sanron, Kegon, Jōjitsu, Kusha, Ritsu, Ritsuryō state

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