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Martin Luther and Systematic Theology  

Paul R. Hinlicky

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
A meta-argument is needed today to go forward in theology with Luther. For speaking of God, even in sophisticated ways, is a dangerous business that can lead astray. Theology is not in the ... More

Martin Luther and the Trinity  

Christoph Schwöbel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s theology of the Trinity is firmly rooted in the catholic tradition of the church. In scholarly debate, it has therefore not received the same attention as the doctrines usually ... More

Martin Luther, Augustinianism, and Augustine  

Phillip Anderas

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Though it is well-known that Martin Luther stood in some connection to the late medieval theologians of his Order and that he intensively studied Augustine’s works in the mid-1510s, the ... More

Martin Luther, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, and Political Theologies  

Michael P. DeJonge

Contemporary political theology often defines itself against Lutheran social ethics, which is portrayed as politically disengaged and overly deferential to state power. At the same time, ... More

Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology  

Zachary Purvis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Across the theology of the 19th century, Martin Luther came to represent not only the Reformation but also what it meant to be Protestant—and, more than occasionally, what it meant to be ... More

Martin Luther in Britain and Anglican Theology  

Mark D. Chapman

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s impact on Anglicanism, especially on the Church in England but also in Scotland, is difficult to gauge. The English and Scottish Reformations moved in ways that were more ... More

Martin Luther in Dialectical Theology  

Alister E. McGrath

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Following the deep and unsettling questions raised about the legacy of German Protestant theology as a result of the Great War (1914‒1918), a new interest emerged in returning to the fons ... More

Martin Luther in Modern European Philosophy  

Simon D. Podmore

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Principally, Luther defers from philosophy’s authority to the authority of theology owing to an intense recognition of theology’s ultimate foundation in revelation. Allied to this is a ... More

Martin Luther in Pietism  

Carter Lindberg

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Pietism, the major Protestant renewal movement in the 17th and 18th centuries, sought to bring the head into the heart, to recover an experiential-expressive faith, to continue Luther’s ... More

Martin Luther in Roman Catholic German-Language Theologies  

Wolfgang Thönissen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
From the outset, Catholic interest in the life and work of Martin Luther stemmed from ecumenical inquiry as the 19th century ended. The Catholic research concerned with Luther that ... More

Martin Luther in the Age of Confessionalization  

Jens Wolff

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther was a point of reference in all three of the confessional cultures during the confessional age, though this was not something he had intended. His theological “self-fashioning” was ... More

Martin Luther on Faith  

Philipp Stoellger

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Faith is not a human act but rather (a) an act of God—that is, the power or action of God as a “divine work in us”; and (b) relation before God (coram Deo), or more precisely, a passive ... More

Martin Luther on Grace  

Hans Wiersma

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Grace is an essential element of Christian theological reflection. Primarily, the divine attribute or trait labeled “grace” refers to God’s disposition and activity in regard to the ... More

Martin Luther’s Perspectival Eschatology  

Vítor Westhelle

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Eschatology was until recently a mute locus in the treatment of Luther’s dogmatic, subsumed under the doctrine of justification. There is now a significant agreement as to the ... More

Martin Luther’s Influence on the Rise of the Natural Sciences  

Duane H. Larson

Were Luther to have lived another two decades, he might have been surprised even so early on to be informed that he positively influenced the rise of natural science. One can readily cite ... More

Martin Luther’s Reformatory Discovery  

Dietrich Korsch

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the debate on Luther’s Reformatory Discovery two elements come together: the systematic question of how to determine the essential content of reformatory theology, that is, the core of ... More

Martin Luther’s Sacramental Theology  

Gordon A. Jensen

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Martin Luther’s emphasis on the sacraments as a visible, tactile means by which the justifying action of God is conveyed to the believer brings the pastoral heart of the Reformation into ... More

Martin Luther’s Theological Aesthetics  

Mark Mattes

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Theological aesthetics is the theory or view of beauty in relation to God, including how the senses bear on or contribute to matters of faith. It has a long and important tradition in all ... More

Martin Luther’s Theology of Authority  

Martin J. Lohrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther’s reforms involved complicated questions of authority. On one hand, Luther defied the greatest authority figures of his day: the papacy and the Holy Roman Empire; on the ... More

Martin Luther’s Theology of the Lord’s Supper  

R. David Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The central act of Christian worship is a mystery embodied in a meal. From its earliest expressions, Christianity has practiced the celebration of the Eucharist (lit. “thanksgiving,” from ... More

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