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Martin Luther and John Calvin  

Bruce Gordon

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
It has long been recognized that John Calvin admired Martin Luther and that the Frenchman’s theology at various moments approached the teaching of Wittenberg. This relationship, however, ... More

Martin Luther and Justification  

Olli-Pekka Vainio

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The doctrine of justification is an account of how God removes the guilt of the sinner and receives him or her back to communion with God. The essential question concerns how the tension ... More

Martin Luther and Love  

Antti Raunio

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
The questions of love’s nature and its different forms were crucial to Martin Luther from the beginning of his theological career. Already as a young monk and theologian he struggled with ... More

Martin Luther and Lutheran Orthodoxy  

Andreas Stegmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The theology of early modern Lutheranism was based on Martin Luther. From the mid-16th century to the start of the 18th, the theology developed and taught at Lutheran universities in ... More

Martin Luther and Modernity, Capitalism, and Liberalism  

Johannes Zachhuber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The concept of modernity has emerged as a major philosophical, theological, and sociological category of interpretation in the aftermath of the French Revolution. It was meant to embrace ... More

Martin Luther and Monasticism in the Later Middle Ages  

Eric Leland Saak

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
When Martin Luther entered the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine in July of 1505, he entered a world that had been shaped by the diverse and varied monastic culture of the later Middle ... More

Martin Luther and Ontology  

Dennis Bielfeldt

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Although many have interpreted Luther as “anti-metaphysical” and therefore unconcerned with the question of being, careful scrutiny of his texts shows otherwise. Trained at Erfurt to read ... More

Martin Luther and Preaching  

Steve Paulson and Chris Croghan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The profound impact of Martin Luther’s theological confession is well documented. What is not as thoroughly explored is Luther’s understanding of the function of preaching, which both ... More

Martin Luther and Relational Thinking  

Risto Saarinen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther believes that a Christian needs to constitute his identity “outside of himself” (extra se). This is because the justification of sinners and our spiritual existence are based on an ... More

Martin Luther and Rhetoric  

Anna Vind

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Reformation was marked by fights with words, and the understanding of language and the use of it was central. This notion grew to a large extent out of the Renaissance movement in ... More

Martin Luther and Systematic Theology  

Paul R. Hinlicky

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
A meta-argument is needed today to go forward in theology with Luther. For speaking of God, even in sophisticated ways, is a dangerous business that can lead astray. Theology is not in the ... More

Martin Luther and the Holy Spirit  

Lois Malcolm

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Although often neglected in historical and theological studies of Martin Luther’s work, an understanding of the Holy Spirit undergirds his signal contributions to the history of theology ... More

Martin Luther and the Lord’s Prayer  

Matthias Mikoteit

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther critically engaged with tradition in his interpretations of the Lord’s Prayer. As a result, he occasionally departed from a line of interpretation even in later years because ... More

Martin Luther and the Rise of World Christianities  

Maria Erling

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Scholars use the concept of World Christianity both to account for the growth of Christianity beyond Western Christendom and to recognize the changing map of vitality and leadership within ... More

Martin Luther and the Saxon Electors  

Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Although born in the territory of the Counts of Mansfield, Luther’s connection to Saxony began early. He attended school in Eisenach (1498–1501), located in electoral Saxony, and enrolled ... More

Martin Luther and the Trinity  

Christoph Schwöbel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s theology of the Trinity is firmly rooted in the catholic tradition of the church. In scholarly debate, it has therefore not received the same attention as the doctrines usually ... More

Martin Luther and Visual Culture  

Elke Anna Werner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the mind of Martin Luther, images were first and foremost adiaphora and, as such, neither good nor bad. However, Luther spoke out firmly against the worship of images, as did other ... More

Martin Luther and the Arts: Music, Poetry, and Hymns  

Johannes Schilling

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
From the beginning of the Reformation, Martin Luther had a significant impact on church and society through his contributions to sacred music. His intention to spread the gospel among the ... More

Martin Luther as a Polemicist  

Thomas Kaufmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther was criticized for his polemics, particularly by his humanist contemporaries, and his writing did not in fact live up to the ideal of modestia (moderation). However, personal ... More

Martin Luther, Augustinianism, and Augustine  

Phillip Anderas

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Though it is well-known that Martin Luther stood in some connection to the late medieval theologians of his Order and that he intensively studied Augustine’s works in the mid-1510s, the ... More

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