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African American Islam  

Herbert Berg

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The first Muslims arrived in the American colonies and later in the United States as African slaves. Although a few and noteworthy Muslim American slaves left written records of their ... More

African Americans and Religion  

Sylvester A. Johnson

Beginning with trans-Atlantic slavery, which forced hundreds of thousands of people into what is presently the United States, religion among African Americans consistently featured a ... More

The Alevis  

Gisela Procházka-Eisl

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Alevis are a religious community on the periphery of Shia Islam. The name “Alevi” means “Adherents of ʿAli,” alluding to Muhammad’s son-in-law and cousin ʿAli ibn Abi Talib, who enjoys ... More

American Narratives of Sin and Salvation  

W. Clark Gilpin

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Sin and salvation, as an interconnected pair of ideas, imply that human life as it is ordinarily lived has been diverted from its true good or distorted from its proper form. Taken ... More

Apocalypticism in U.S. History  

Matthew Avery Sutton

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Apocalypticism has had a powerful impact on American life. It has fostered among adherents a strong sense of purpose and personal identity, it has helped them interpret the challenges they ... More

Asian American Religions  

Tony Carnes

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Asian American religions have dramatically increased their presence in the United States. Partly, this is a function of the increasing population of Asian Americans since 1965. ... More

Avalokiteśvara: The Bodhisattva of Compassion  

Chün-fang Yü

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Subject:
Buddhism
Avalokiteśvara is one of the most famous bodhisattvas in Buddhism. The worship of bodhisattvas (beings of enlightenment) is one of the most distinctive features of Mahāyāna Buddhism. ... More

Biology and Theology: Contemporary Issues  

Celia Deane-Drummond

Online publication date:
May 2016
Contemporary issues in biology and Christian theology are still dominated by the legacy of 19th-century biologist Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. Debates in ... More

Christian Fundamentalism in America  

Margaret Bendroth

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Fundamentalism has a very specific meaning in the history of American Christianity, as the name taken by a coalition of mostly white, mostly northern Protestants who, in the late 19th and ... More

Christian Initiation  

Maxwell Johnson

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
“Christian initiation” refers to the ritual process employed by various churches in forming new Christian converts through catechesis (instruction) during the “catechumenate” to baptism, ... More

Christian Liturgical Music  

William T. Flynn

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Music in its widest definition (sound and silence organized in time) is never absent from Christian worship. The diversity of styles and forms employed both chronologically and ... More

Christian Marriage and Funeral Services as Rites of Passage  

Ruth A. Meyers

Online publication date:
May 2016
Weddings and funerals mark major transitions in human life. In these rites of passage, which effect a transformation from one status to another, an individual is separated from one state ... More

Christian Spirituality and Social Transformation  

Philip Sheldrake

The word “spirituality” has become increasingly common. What does it mean? It is not limited to spiritual practices, such as meditation, but suggests the pursuit of a life shaped by a ... More

Christian Worship and Gender Practices  

Teresa Berger

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Subject:
Christianity
The foundational materiality in Christian worship is the bodily presence of worshippers. Gender differences—and the manifold ways in which they are embodied and performed in different ... More

Civil Rights Movements and Religion in America  

Paul Harvey

In the civil rights movement of the mid-20th century, black Christian thought helped to undermine the white supremacist racial system that had governed America for centuries. The civil ... More

The Cold War and American Religion  

Dianne Kirby

Online publication date:
May 2017
American propaganda cast the Cold War as one of history’s great religious wars, between the godless and the God-fearing, between good and evil. It was a simplistic depiction that was ... More

Commerce, Consumerism, and Christianity in America  

Dana Logan

American Christianity and commerce are bound together by their mutual history. In colonial America, Puritans excelled at the skills of capitalism, and in the 19th, 20th, and 21st ... More

Cosmic War  

Mark Juergensmeyer

Online publication date:
May 2016
A “cosmic war” is an imagined battle between metaphysical forces—good and evil, right and wrong, order and chaos—that lies behind many cases of religion-related violence in the ... More

Culture, Entertainment, and Religion in America  

Randall J. Stephens

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Throughout American history, religion and entertainment have influenced each other and have intersected in fascinating ways. Native American rituals and games entertained and inspired. ... More

Cyberspace and Religion in America  

Douglas E. Cowan

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Invented in 1989 and popularly accessible since the mid-1990s, the World Wide Web has always hosted a wide variety of religious content, ranging from early text-based discussion forums to ... More

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