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The Dakar School of African History  

Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History

...these works, consisting mostly of unedited monographs, fall into two main categories: early African history relating to the precolonial period and gathered from oral sources, some of which will have certainly been lost today, and the economic and social, or even political and military, history of Africa at the time of colonial government. These manuscripts (along with a few dissertations of great worth which have been published sporadically by the French publisher Karthala and, in more sustained fashion, by L’Harmattan) proved an important point: namely that this history...

American Military Assistance Programs since 1945  

Jeremy Kuzmarov

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History

...the Korean War, Vol. II: The Roaring of the Cataract (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990), 143. 22. Ojserkis, Beginnings of the Cold War Arms Race , 124, 125. 23. Donald A. Carter , Forging the Shield: The U.S. Army in Europe, 1951–1962 (U.S. Army: Center for Military History, 2015), 191; and Birtle, Rearming the Phoenix . 24. Gaddis, We Now Know ; and his The Cold War: A New History (New York: Penguin, 2010). 25. Chan quoted in Vine, Base Nation , 325. The Soviets even had withdrawn troops from northern Iran, the large Danish Island off Bornholm...

Nomadic Warfare before Firearms  

Timothy May

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History

...more mobile cannons, the nomads also lost their advantage of superior range. With numbers and quickly changing technology, it was only a matter of time before warfare based on massed firearms surpassed steppe warfare. Discussion of the Literature Scholarship on the military history of steppe warfare remains haphazard. Most of what is produced tends to focus on a narrative history of the steppes, often emulating Rene Grousset’s masterpiece, The Empire of the Steppes . 39 Written in the 1940s, its analytical components are largely outdated, but the general...

Soldiers in the Union Army  

Lorien Foote

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History

...are often found in an archive in his home state, but just as often an archive in a southern state has collected material on Union soldiers who participated in campaigns or served in an occupying force in that state. Significant manuscript collections are housed at the U.S. Army Military History Institute in Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania; The Huntington Library in San Marino, California; and the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Soldiers produced and wrote their own regimental newspapers while in camp, a rich source for examining soldier attitudes and social life...

Empire and Order in International Relations and Security Studies  

Tarak Barkawi

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies

...force and the political-military dimensions of empire remain understudied in any discipline. Little help is available from military history, which remains an analytically underdeveloped field with little real purchase in major history departments in North America. While there are also significant exceptions here, it is an overwhelmingly Eurocentric intellectual enterprise, focused on warfare in the West ( Black 2004 ). For military history, peripheral conflict and “small wars” broadly conceived remain a specialized field ( Belich 1986 ; Moor and Wesseling 1989...

Vietnamese American Literature  

Michele Janette

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Literature

... David Chanoff and Doan Van Toai . A Vietcong Memoir . San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985. Tsou, Elda . Unquiet Tropes: Form, Race, and Asian American Literature . Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2015. Viện, Cao Van . The Final Collapse . Center of Military History, US Army, 1985. Vuong, Ocean . Night Sky with Exit Wounds . Port Townsend, WA: Copper Canyon Press, 2016. Young, Marilyn . The Vietnam Wars, 1945–1990 . New York: HarperPerennial Press, 1991. Yu, Timothy . Race and the Avant-Garde: Experimental and Asian American Poetry...

Vietnam in Poetry and Prose  

Joseph Duemer

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Literature

...View of Modern Vietnam . New York, 1998. Essays on many aspects of contemporary Vietnam by a reporter long resident in the country. Useful background, especially for contemporary literature. Tucker, Spencer C. , ed. The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social and Military History . 3 vols. New York, 1998. Comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the Vietnam War in all its aspects. Young, Marilyn B. , John J. Fitzgerald , and A. Tom Grunfeld . The Vietnam War: A History in Documents . New York, 2002. A useful account of the war based on documents...

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: An Overview  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics

...description of proof in the empirical sciences. This applies with more force to the Art of War than to any other. If we wish to learn from history we must realize that what happened once can happen again” ( Clausewitz, 1991 , p. 231) 3 Clausewitz’s view of the pertinence of military history still resonates because states retain their armies though there may be long periods between wars. But many still regard terrorism differently. After 9/11, President George W. Bush’s Address to the Joint Session of Congress and the American People declared that terrorism would...

Vidal, Gore  

Jay Parini

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Literature

...Writing in the New York Review of Books , the critic Harold Bloom characterizes Vidal as “a masterly American historical novelist, now wholly matured, who has found his truest subject, which is our national political history during precisely those years when our political and military histories were as one, one thing and one thing only: the unwavering will of Abraham Lincoln to keep the states united.” He discusses Lincoln in the context of Vidal's developing career, musing on “the still ambiguous question of Vidal's strength or perhaps competing strengths as a novelist...

Isolationism  

Justus D. Doenecke

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History

...(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004); The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2008); Washington Rules: America’s Path to Permanent War (New York: Macmillan, 2010); and American’s War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History (New York: Random House, 2016). 35. Joan Hoff , A Faustian Foreign Policy: From Woodrow Wilson to George W. Bush (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008); and Barry R. Posen , Restraint: A New Foundation for U.S. Grand Strategy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press...

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