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Abusive Supervision  

Ann Peng, Rebecca Mitchell, and John M. Schaubroeck

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Business and Management
In recent years scholars of abusive supervision have expanded the scope of outcomes examined and have advanced new psychological and social processes to account for these and other ... More

Adoption: Transracial and Intercountry  

Rowena Fong, Ruth McRoy, Amy Griffin, and Catherine LaBrenz

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
A history of transracial and intercountry adoptions in the United States is briefly provided as well as highlights trends, demographics, practices, and policies that have evolved as ... More

Advice: Communicating to Support and Influence  

Erina MacGeorge and Lyn Van Swol

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Communication
Advice is a recommendation for action that includes both suggestions for behavior and ways of feeling and thinking about the problem. It is a ubiquitous phenomenon in personal and ... More

African Englishes From a Sociolinguistic Perspective  

Rajend Mesthrie

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Four types of English exist in Africa, identifiable in terms of history, functions, and linguistic characteristics. West African Pidgin English has a history going back to the 15th ... More

Aggregation and Journalism  

Mark Coddington

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Communication
News aggregation—or the process of taking news from published sources, reshaping it, and republishing it in an abbreviated form within a single place—has become one of the most prominent ... More

Agricultural Innovation and Dispersal in Eastern North America  

Kandace D. Hollenbach and Stephen B. Carmody

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environmental Science
The possibility that native peoples in eastern North America had cultivated plants prior to the introduction of maize was first raised in 1924. Scant evidence was available to support this ... More

Agricultural Nitrogen and Phosphorus Pollution in Surface Waters  

Marianne Bechmann and Per Stålnacke

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environmental Science
Nutrient pollution can have a negative impact on the aquatic environment, with loss of biodiversity, toxic algal blooms, and a deficiency in dissolved oxygen in surface waters. ... More

Agroecology  

Juha Helenius, Alexander Wezel, and Charles A. Francis

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environmental Science
Agroecology can be defined as scientific research on ecological sustainability of food systems. In addressing food production and consumption systems in their entirety, the focus ... More

Algorithms and Journalism  

Rodrigo Zamith

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Communication
Algorithms today influence, to some extent, nearly every aspect of journalism, from the initial stages of news production to the latter stages of news consumption. While they may be seen ... More

Alternative Journalism  

Tony Harcup

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Communication
As a phrase, “alternative journalism” may be thought of as a 21st century phenomenon, but as a set of practices it is arguably as old as journalism itself. The label is generally applied ... More

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