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abacus  

William David Ross and Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Abacus (ἄβαξ, ἀβάκιον), a counting-board, the usual aid to reckoning in antiquity. The Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans alike used a board with vertical columns, on which (working from right ... More

Abaris  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Abaris, legendary devotee of *Apollo from the far north, a shamanistic missionary and saviour-figure like *Aristeas whom *Pindar (fr. 270 Snell–Maehler) associated with the time of *Croesus—perhaps ... More

Abbott, Edith  

Jean K. Quam

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Edith Abbott (1876–1957) was a social worker and educator. She was Dean of the School of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago from 1924 to 1942 and she helped in ... More

Abbott, Grace  

Jean K. Quam

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Grace Abbott (1878–1939) was a teacher who went on to become Director of the Immigrants Protective League of Chicago and Director of the U.S. Children's Bureau. In 1934 she became ... More

The ABCs of Media and Children: Attention, Behavior, and Comprehension  

Ellen A. Wartella, Alexis R. Lauricella, Leanne Beaudoin-Ryan, and Drew P. Cingel

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Communication
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Abdera  

James Maxwell Ross Cormack and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Abdera, a flourishing Greek city east of the Nestus river on the coast of *Thrace (Diod. Sic. 13. 72. 2). It was traditionally founded as a colony of *Clazomenae in 654 bce, a date for which ... More

Abernathy, Ralph David  

Lou M. Beasley

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Ralph David Abernathy (1926–1980) was a pastor who became president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference after the assassination of Martin Luther King. He was director of ... More

Abortion  

D. Lynn Jackson

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia of Social Work
Until the 19th century, abortion law was nonexistent and abortion was not seen as a moral issue. However, by the turn of the 20th century, abortion was legally defined and controlled in ... More

abortion  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Abortion was controversial in antiquity. Doctors taking the Hippocratic Oath (see hippocrates (2)) swore not to administer abortifacients, but other Hippocratic texts suggest that prostitutes (see ... More

Abydos  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Was the best harbour on the Asiatic side of the *Hellespont. In the Iliad (2. 836) an ally of Troy and then a Thracian settlement, it was colonized c.700 bce by Milesians (see ... More

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