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Baptism in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Kirsi Stjerna

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...23. See Mark D. Tranvik , “Luther on Baptism,” Lutheran Quarterly , n.s., 13.1 (Spring 1999): 75–90. Jonathan D. Trigg , Baptism in the Theology of Martin Luther , Studies in the History of Christian Thought 56 (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1994). 24. Luther’s Large Catechism offers a helpful approach to baptism as a focal point for Luther’s spirituality. See Kirsi Stjerna , No Greater Jewel: Thinking about Baptism with Luther (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2010). On the continuity in Luther’s teaching, see also Trigg, Baptism , 10–11, 62–66, 146–148. For...

Martin Luther's Life, 1517-1525  

Christopher Boyd Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...64. Luther, Betbüchlein (1522), WA 10/II:375–501, LW 43:47–55. 65. Brecht, Martin Luther . 66. Heinrich Bornkamm , Luther in Mid-Career: 1521–1530 , trans. E. Theodore Bachmann (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983). 67. Walther von Loewenich , Luther’s Theology of the Cross, trans. Herbert J. A. Bouman (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1976); Gerhard O. Forde , On Being a Theologian of the Cross: Reflections on Luther’s Heidelberg Disputation, 1518 (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997); and Alister E. McGrath , Luther’s Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther’s Theological...

Martin Luther in Finland and the Baltics  

Antti Raunio

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Block’s library there. 36 Agricola read certain of Luther’s texts thoroughly quite early. From Vyborg, he moved to Turku and worked as a secretary of the bishop. In 1531 , he purchased Luther’s Postil in Latin and very likely knew it well before studying in Wittenberg. The knowledge of Martin Luther’s theology came to Finland also through the Finnish theologians who had studied in Wittenberg. The first of them was Peder Särkilax (Pietari Särkilahti), who was already in Wittenberg when the Reformation began and afterwards led the Cathedral School in Turku until his early...

Martin Luther on Grace  

Hans Wiersma

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Stages in a Reformation Reorientation , by Berndt Hamm. 47 In addition, see Hamm’s article “Naher Zorn und Nahe Gnade: Luthers frühe Klosterjahre als Beginn seiner reformatorischen Neuorientierung” for an elaboration of late medieval notions of nahe Gnade (“proximal grace” or, better, “grace close-at-hand”) and how such notions were received and experienced by Luther in the Augustinian context. See also Hamm’s article “Martin Luther’s Revolutionary Theology of Pure Gift without Reciprocation” for insight into the development of Luther’s understanding of a question that...

Martin Luther’s Theology of the Lord’s Supper  

R. David Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Theology of the Lord’s Supper Texts, Trends, and Themes of Luther’s Doctrine of the Lord’s Supper Theological accounts of the Lord’s Supper typically treat it beneath the heading of Christian sacraments, listing the Supper alongside baptism (most Protestants), sometimes these two together with absolution, or penance (some Protestants), in other arrangements these three plus confirmation, the anointing of the sick, holy orders, and matrimony (Catholic Christianity), or, at least in the case of Orthodox Christianity, these seven within...

Martin Luther in North America  

Mark A. Granquist

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Mohn, 1983) . 13. James Luther Adams , “Paul Tillich on Luther,” in Interpreters of Luther: Essays in Honor of Wilhelm Pauck , edited by Jaroslav Pelikan , 304–334 (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1968) ; and E. Theodore Bachmann , “Walther, Schaff, and Krauth on Luther,” in Interpreters of Luther , 187–230 . 14. Mark Granquist , “The Popular Perceptions of Martin Luther in American Culture,” Trinity Seminary Review 33 (Summer 2012): 7–18 . 15. George S. Robbert , “A Checklist of Luther’s Writings in English,” Concordia Theological Monthly 36 (December 1965):...

Martin Luther’s Sermons and Postils  

John M. Frymire

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...96 Between them both, they made Martin Luther’s House Postil the most circulated evangelical sermon collection in Germany until at least the Thirty Years’ War. Review of the Literature The quantity of surviving sermons relative to Luther’s entire corpus, as well as Luther’s theology of preaching (which lies at the heart of his entire theology), ensures that scholars enlist his sermons constantly in their work. This discussion limits itself to important studies on the sermons in terms of Luther’s theology of preaching, sermons in terms of genre, and, by way of example...

Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays  

Mark D. Tranvik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Understanding Martin Luther’s Demonological Rhetoric in His Treatise against the Heavenly Prophets (1525) . Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 2010. Rosin, Robert . “Humanism, Luther, and the Wittenberg Reformation.” In The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology . Edited by Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and Lubomír Batka , 91–104. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. Stolt, Birgit . “Luther’s Faith of the Heart: Experience, Emotion and Reason.” In The Global Luther . Edited by Christine Helmer , 131–150. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2009. Vind, Anna . “Luther’s Thought...

Martin Luther and Systematic Theology  

Paul R. Hinlicky

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Hinlicky , “The Reception of Luther in Pietism and the Enlightenment,” in Oxford Handbook to Martin Luther , eds. Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and Lubomir Batka (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), 540–550. 17. James M. Stayer , Martin Luther: German Saviour; German Evangelical Theological Factions and the Interpretation of Luther, 1917–1933 (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2000). 18. On Bonhoeffer’s appropriation of Luther’s Christological doctrine in dialogue with Barth, see Michael P. DeJonge , Bonhoeffer’s Theological Formation: Berlin, Barth...

Martin Luther in the Age of Confessionalization  

Jens Wolff

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...theology led to a theological pluralization. These traces cannot be overlooked. The post-Lutheran theology is mainly a confessional culture of unity or uniformity. Efforts were made to establish a non-pluralistic conception of theology. That was also necessary for the canonization of Luther’s theology and the teaching in schools and universities. The new reception of Aristotle and the early modern school philosophy were allies in establishing a confessional culture within Protestant theology and, as the example of Martin Chemnitz shows, in opposition to the Council of...

Martin Luther’s Life, 1526–1546  

Mickey L. Mattox

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Lectura in Biblia: Luthers Genesisvorlesung (1535–1545) (Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1998); Asendorf , Luther Neu Gelesen: Modernität und Ökumenische Aktualität in Seiner Letzten Vorlesung (Neuendettelsau, Germany: Freimund-Verlag, 2005); John A. Maxfield , Luther’s Lectures on Genesis and the Formation of Evangelical Identity (Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 2008); and Jonathan D. Trigg , Baptism in the Theology of Martin Luther (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1994). 74. For a sketch of Beskendorf in relation to Luther, see...

Martin Luther’s Perspectival Eschatology  

Vítor Westhelle

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Edwards, Luther’s Last Battles . 105. Oberman, “ Teufelsdreck ,” 435–450. 106. Winfried Vogel , “The Eschatological Theology of Martin Luther, Part I: Luther’s Basic Concepts,” Andrews University Seminary Studies 24.3 (Autumn 1986): 249–264 ; and Vogel, “Eschatological Theology of Martin Luther, Part II.” 107. Modalsli, “Luther über die Letzten Dinge.” 108. The Helsinki school of Luther interpretation represents this interpretation, but it has a broader impact, e.g., in Ulrich Asendorf , “Die Einbettung der Theosis in die Theologie Martin Luthers,” in Luther und...

Martin Luther in the Eyes of His Roman Catholic Opponents  

Jared Wicks

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...1:301–303). To his counsellors in Halle, for the diocese of Magdeburg, who had first received Luther’s texts, he acknowledged their communication “mit zcugesanten tractat und Conclusion [theses] eins vermessen Monichs zcw Wittenburg [Luther], das heylig negotium Indulgenciarum und unsere Subcommissarien [Tetzel] betreffend” ( Dokumente zur Causa Lutheri , 1:305). On Luther’s tractat see Jared Wicks , “Martin Luther’s Treatise on Indulgences, 1517,” Theological Studies 28 (1967): 481–518, reprinted in Jared Wicks , Luther’s Reform: Studies on Conversion...

Martin Luther’s Understanding of Earlier Reformers  

Phillip N. Haberkern

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Medieval Thought: Continuity and Discontinuity,” in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , eds. L. Batka et al. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 115–124. 13. On these potential influences, see Erik Herrmann, “Luther’s Absorption of Medieval Biblical Interpretation,” and Volker Leppin, “Luther’s Roots in Monastic-Mystical Piety,” both in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , 71–90 and 49–61, respectively. 14. LW 31:35–70, at 53. 15. Martin Luther , “Letter to John von Staupitz” (May 30, 1518), LW 48:64–70. 16. LW 48:67–68....

Martin Luther on the Church and Its Ministry  

Cheryl M. Peterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Brecht, Martin , ed. Martin Luther und das Bishofsamt . Berlin: Calwer Verlag, 1990. Daniel, David P. “Luther on the Church.” In The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology . Edited by Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and L’ubomír Batka , 333–352. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Fischer, Robert H. “Another Look at Luther’s Doctrine of the Ministry.” Lutheran Quarterly 18.3 (1966): 260–271. Hendrix, Scott H. Ecclesia in Via: Ecclesiological Developments in the Medieval Psalm Exegesis and the “Dictata Super Psalterium” (1513–1515) of Martin Luther...

Martin Luther’s Sacramental Theology  

Gordon A. Jensen

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Reformation Heritage, 2008) . 2. Bernhard Lohse , Martin Luther’s Theology: Its Historical and Systematic Development , trans. and ed. Roy A. Harrisville (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999), 299. 3. Hans-Martin Barth , The Theology of Martin Luther: A Critical Assessment (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2013), 223–224 . See also Albrecht Peters , Baptism and Lord’s Supper: Commentary on Luther’s Catechisms , trans. Thomas H. Trapp (Saint Louis, MO: Concordia, 2012), 51 . 4. Oswald Bayer , “Die Reformatorische Wende in Luthers Theologie,” Zeitschrift für Theologie und Werke...

Martin Luther’s Reform of Worship  

Dirk G. Lange

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Germany, in the sacramental theme and especially the relationship between worship and the communication of the promise; on this see in particular Oswald Bayer’s Martin Luther’s Theology . 64 Important historical studies have been published over the years, notably the works by Frank Senn and, with regard to Luther’s enormous musical contribution, Robin Leaver’s Luther’s Liturgical Music . Today in Europe there is a revival of thinking around the sacraments. At the University of Leipzig, under the direction of Alexander Deeg (see his Das äußere Wort und seine liturgische...

Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament  

Erik H. Herrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament Luther’s formal occupation was to comment on the Scriptures. For most of his life and throughout his entire academic career, Luther was a member of the University of Wittenberg’s theology faculty, a doctor in Biblia with the solemn obligation to lecture on the sacred Scriptures. It has been observed that if Luther was in a modern university, he would have been a professor of Old Testament exegesis. 1 But of course, Luther was not in a modern university, and although most of his lectures and published...

Reason and Philosophy in Martin Luther’s Thought  

Hans-Peter Grosshans

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...die ratio in der Theologie Luthers (Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1958); B. A. Gerrish , Grace and Reason: A Study in the Theology of Luther (Oxford: Clarendon, 1962); H. Olsson , Schöpfung, Vernunft und Gesetz in Luthers Theologie , Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Studia Doctrinae Christianae Upsaliensia 10 (Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1971); and S. W. Becker , The Foolishness of God: The Place of Reason in the Theology of Martin Luther (Milwaukee, WI: Northwestern Pub. House, 1982). 32. Martin Luther, “The Small Catechism,” in The Book...

Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology  

Zachary Purvis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology Luther and the Meanings of Protestantism “One might call our age, the age of monuments,” Eisleben’s superintendent, Christian Berger, declaimed in 1817 . “How could such an age forget one for Luther?” 1 Indeed, it did not. While Friedrich Wilhelm III, the Prussian monarch, laid the cornerstone of the grand Luther monument in Wittenberg on November 1, 1817 , the second day of the three-day tercentenary celebration of Martin Luther’s 95 Theses, Luther himself also left a “living monument” for the 19th century: his...

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