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Martin Luther’s Pastoral Writings  

Ronald K. Rittgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...this expansive understanding of Luther’s pastoral writings, see Mary Jane Haemig , ed., The Annotated Luther , vol. 4: Pastoral Writings (Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2016). 5. See Ronald K. Rittgers , “How Luther’s Engagement in Pastoral Care Shaped His Theology,” in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , eds. Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and L’ubomír Batka (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 462–470. 6. James Kittelson , “Luther and Modern Church History,” in The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther , ed. Donald K. McKim (Cambridge...

Portrayals of Martin Luther in Print, Stage and Film  

Derek R. Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...in the 1930s. Anti-German sentiment during the 1930s and 1940s necessitated a delay in its publication, however. 53. Michael Mullett , Martin Luther (New York: Routledge, 2004), 264. 54. Volker Leppin , Martin Luther (Darmstadt, Germany: Primus Verlag, 2006). 55. Martin Brecht , Martin Luther , 3 vols., trans. James L. Schaaf (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1985–1989). 56. Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet , 121–122. 57. Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet , 124. 58. Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet , 124. 59. Johannes Schilling , “Luther in der Litteratur...

Martin Luther's Life, 1517-1525  

Christopher Boyd Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...10/II:375–501, LW 43:47–55. 65. Brecht, Martin Luther . 66. Heinrich Bornkamm , Luther in Mid-Career: 1521–1530 , trans. E. Theodore Bachmann (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983). 67. Walther von Loewenich , Luther’s Theology of the Cross, trans. Herbert J. A. Bouman (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1976); Gerhard O. Forde , On Being a Theologian of the Cross: Reflections on Luther’s Heidelberg Disputation, 1518 (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997); and Alister E. McGrath , Luther’s Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther’s Theological Breakthrough , 2d ed. (Oxford:...

Martin Luther’s Sermons and Postils  

John M. Frymire

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...1–18. St. Louis, MO: Concordia Historical Institute, 2005. Meuser, Fred W. Luther the Preacher . Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1983. Oberman, Heiko A. “Preaching the Word of God in the Reformation.” Harvard Divinity Bulletin 25 (1960): 7–18. O’Malley, S. J. “Luther the Preacher.” Michigan Germanic Studies 10 (1984): 3–16. Wilson, H. S. “Luther on Preaching as God Speaking.” Lutheran Quarterly 19 (2005): 63–76. Reprinted in The Pastoral Luther: Essays on Martin Luther’s Practical Theology . Edited by Timothy J. Wengert , 100–114. Grand Rapids, MI:...

Martin Luther’s Occasional Writings: Table Talk, Letters, and Prefaces  

Wolf-Friedrich Schäufele

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Occasional Writings: Table Talk, Letters, and Prefaces Table Talk Origins and Transmission Luther’s so-called Table Talk causes a strange fascination. This collection of short anecdotes and quotes seemingly allows us, even more than Luther’s sermons and letters, to encounter the reformer immediately and personally and to hear his own voice. It was the Luther of Table Talk who for centuries shaped the wider public’s idea of the reformer. The term “table talk” ( Tischreden ) goes back to the basic edition by Johann Aurifaber. 1 With...

Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament  

Erik H. Herrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...expounded on 1 John and then the “pastoral” epistles to those who remained. Although contemporary scholarship largely ascribes post-Pauline authorship to the epistles of Timothy and Titus, Luther continued to assume their authenticity along with the exegetical tradition. However, Luther does recognize some of the internal stylistic and vocabulary divergences from Paul’s other writings, explaining the differences as stemming from the personal nature of the correspondence and the context of the addressee. Luther’s comments on 1 Timothy and Titus focus especially on the importance...

Martin Luther on the Church and Its Ministry  

Cheryl M. Peterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...virtue of the Word alone.” 50 Luther’s pastoral concern is also evident in his writings on the ministry. The primary purpose of the office of ministry is to proclaim the good news of Jesus Christ that comforts afflicted consciences and nourishes souls. John Reumann points out that it makes a “considerable difference” in summarizing Luther’s views on the church’s ministry “whether one begins with and emphasizes statements from his voluminous writings about the universal priesthood .” 51 As we saw in his correspondence with Emser, Luther’s assertion that all Christians...

Martin Luther’s Life, 1526–1546  

Mickey L. Mattox

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... WA 54:28–100; LW 15:264–352. 48. WA 53:573–648. This treatise will be translated for the Continuation Series of Luther’s Works. For a study of Luther’s anti-Jewish writings, see Thomas Kaufmann , Luther’s ‘Judenschriften’ (Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2011). 49. WA 11:314–336; LW 45:196–231. 50. WA 54:16–100. On the issue of Luther’s anti-Jewish exegesis, see Mickey L. Mattox , “From Faith to the Text and Back Again: Martin Luther on the Trinity in the Old Testament,” Pro Ecclesia 15.3 (2006): 281–303. 51. See, e.g., Heiko A. Oberman , The...

Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays  

Mark D. Tranvik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays The Treatises of Martin Luther As many scholars have noted, Martin Luther comes to us in a dizzying array of literary forms. His collected works include commentaries, catechetical writings, sermons, treatises and essays, letters, polemics, disputations, pamphlets, and hymns. 1 The sheer breadth of his work can lead to misconceptions about Luther as an author. Because he did not write a more systematic theology like Philip Melanchthon’s Loci Communes or John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion , it is tempting to suggest...

Martin Luther in Finland and the Baltics  

Antti Raunio

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...their opposition against the Catholic Church. So, Luther’s teachings were discussed among the clergy already in the 1520s. 5 The first pastor who preached the Gospel on the basis of reformatory views in the Baltics was Andreas Knopken, who acted as pastor of the Saint Peter’s Church in Riga. He came from Germany and possessed a close connection with Johannes Bugenhagen. 6 Knopken had already studied Luther’s book “On the Church’s Babylonian Captivity” together with Bugenhagen by 1520 in Treptow. Reading Luther’s writings and discussions with Bugenhagen led him to inner...

Martin Luther's Practice of Old Testament Commentary  

John A. Maxfield

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...n in LW 47:123–136; the treatise itself is found at LW 47:137–306; WA 53:417–552. On the reception of Luther’s “Jewish Writings” in his time and later see especially Johannes Wallmann , “The Reception of Luther’s Writings on the Jews from the Reformation to the End of the 19th Century,” Lutheran Quarterly 1 (1987): 72–97. 27. The first English translation of this treatise was published in 1992 in Gerhard Falk , The Jew in Christian Society: Martin Luther’s Anti-Jewish “Von Schem Hamphoras,” Previously Unpublished in English, and Other Milestones in Church Doctrine...

Martin Luther in the German Enlightenment  

Albrecht Beutel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 3. 102. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 33. 103. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 64–65. 104. Cf. Ibid. 105. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 69. 106. Ibid. 107. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 71. 108. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 74. 109. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 9. 110. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 76. 111. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 86. 112. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 80. 113. Cf. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 93, 104–105, and more. 114. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 100. 115. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 101. 116. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 89...

Martin Luther on Grace  

Hans Wiersma

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...“German-dominated” interpretation of Luther. At the heart of this challenge lies the concern with the ultimate effect of grace upon sinners. This concern can be expressed in this question: Do Luther’s writings teach that the gift of the indwelling Holy Spirit of Christ makes sinners into “little Christs,” literally and ontologically? The two chapters by Simo Peura in Union with Christ handle many of the themes around grace, including the distinction between grace as divine favor and grace as divine gift. 50 Martin Luther’s Theology: A Contemporary Interpretation...

Martin Luther’s Theology of the Lord’s Supper  

R. David Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Christian Living in Luther’s Confession Concerning Christ’s Supper (1528).” Lutherjahrbuch 76 (2009): 19–56. Sasse, Hermann . This Is My Body: Luther’s Contention for the Real Presence in the Sacrament of the Altar . Rev. ed. Adelaide: Lutheran Publishing House, 1977. Schwab, Wolfgang . Entwicklung und Gestalt der Sakramententheologie bei Martin Luther . Europäische Hochschulschriften 79. Pieterlen and Bern: Peter Lang, 1977. Schwarz, Reinhard . “The Last Supper: The Testament of Jesus.” In The Pastoral Luther: Essays on Martin Luther’s Practical Theology...

Martin Luther’s Understanding of Earlier Reformers  

Phillip N. Haberkern

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

..., “Luther and the Late Medieval Augustinians: Another Look,” Concordia Theological Monthly 44 (1973): 245–260; and Volker Leppin , “Luther’s Transformation of Medieval Thought: Continuity and Discontinuity,” in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , eds. L. Batka et al. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 115–124. 13. On these potential influences, see Erik Herrmann, “Luther’s Absorption of Medieval Biblical Interpretation,” and Volker Leppin, “Luther’s Roots in Monastic-Mystical Piety,” both in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology...

Martin Luther’s Life, 1483–1516  

Volker Leppin

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...debased his earlier life as a monk had been. So, the challenge for Luther research is to reconstruct his early biography with a critical distance from Luther’s own later remarks. Further Reading Bainton, Roland H. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther . Nashville: Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1950. Reissued New York: Meridian, 1995. Brecht, Martin . Martin Luther . 3 vols. Minneapolis: Fortress Press 1985–1993. Ebeling, Gerhard . Evangelische Evangelienauslegung; Eine Untersuchung zu Luthers Hermeneutik . Forschungen zur Geschichte und Lehre des Protestantismus...

The Twofold Rule of God  

John R. Stumme

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Estes , “Luther on the Role of Secular Authority in the Reformation,” in The Pastoral Luther: Essays on Martin Luther’s Practical Theology , ed. Timothy J. Wengert (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009), 355–380. 120. Brady, German Histories . 121. Gerhard O. Forde , “Christian Life,” Christian Dogmatics , vol. 2 (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984), 455–460 ; and Carl E. Braaten , Essential Lutheranism: Theological Perspectives on Christian Faith and Doctrine (Delhi: American Lutheran Publicity Bureau, 2012), 151–179. 122. Lohse, Martin Luther’s Theology...

Martin Luther in Pietism  

Carter Lindberg

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...independent, and original students, but one of Luther’s students nevertheless. 73 Review of the Literature and Suggestions for Further Research Pietism’s relationship to Luther was very complicated. Luther’s early publication of writings of the mystics such as Tauler and The German Theology provided Pietists with rich resources and sanctioned an interiorized and spiritualized religiosity that at times verged on ethical rigorism, asceticism, and world denial. In this regard, Pietism did not seem cognizant of or accepting of Luther’s conviction that the Christian remains...

Martin Luther’s Writings  

Robert Kolb

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

..., Preaching, and Catechesis on Luther,” in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , eds. Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and Lubomir Batka (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 449–461; Ronald K. Rittgers, “How Luther’s Engagement in Pastoral Care Shaped his Theology,” ibid. , 462–470; Anna Vind, “Luther’s Thought Assumed Form in Polemics,” ibid. , 471–480; Christoph Burger, “Luther’s Thought Took Shape in Translation of Scripture and Hymns,” ibid. , 481–488; and Christine Helmer , The Trinity and Martin Luther: a Study on the Relationship between...

Martin Luther in Dialectical Theology  

Alister E. McGrath

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...pastors in the neighboring villages of Safenwil and Leutwil in the Aargau region of Switzerland in the late 1910s and early 1920s. Both Barth and Thurneysen saw a historical precedent for their emerging program of critical and radical theological restructuring as lying in the Reformation of the 16th century, spearheaded by Martin Luther. Yet this rhetorical alignment with Luther did not initially rest on a solid understanding or close reading of Luther’s works. Luther was appropriated more as a theological figurehead (perhaps even a totem), rather than as a theological resource...

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