The Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Education and Psychology are now available via subscription. Read more about the ORE project or learn how to subscribe.

Dismiss

You are looking at  1-20 of 72 articles  for:

  • All : Martin Luther’s Sacramental Theology x
Clear All

View:

Martin Luther’s Sacramental Theology  

Gordon A. Jensen

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Sacramental Theology Luther’s Sacramental Theology Unlike most others producing confessional and catechetical writings of the period, 1 Martin Luther did not spend much time discussing the sacraments in general. As Bernhard Lohse notes, “Luther did not begin with a sacramental doctrine from which to derive the interpretation of each sacrament.” 2 This practice has continued among Lutheran theologians to the current day. Lutherans generally prefer to focus on the specific sacraments. Thus, Hans Martin Barth notes, “Luther was...

Martin Luther’s Theology of the Lord’s Supper  

R. David Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Press, 1995. Barth, Hans-Martin . The Theology of Martin Luther: A Critical Assessment . Translated by Linda M. Maloney . Minneapolis: Fortress, 2013. Bayer, Oswald . Martin Luther’s Theology: A Contemporary Interpretation . Translated by Thomas H. Trapp . Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2008. Boersma, Hans , and Matthew Levering . The Oxford Handbook of Sacramental Theology . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Bornkamm, Heinrich . Luther in Mid-Career, 1521–1530 . Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983. Brecht, Martin . Martin Luther, vol. 2: Shaping and Defining...

Martin Luther, History, and Its Meaning  

Curtis L. Thompson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...under” it in a way that preserves its reality while operating through it. For Luther, the finite is indeed capable of the Infinite. This lens is the sacramental lens by which God acts in history and creates meaning in human lives. Sacramentality is a constituent element in Luther’s view of history. Luther’s Theology of the Cross or Hiddenness The third hermeneutical lens for entering into Luther’s theology is that of hiddenness, which leads us into his theology of the cross. Luther draws a distinction between world history and redemptive history, according...

Martin Luther's Life, 1517-1525  

Christopher Boyd Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Brecht, Martin . Martin Luther . Translated by James L. Schaaf . 3 vols. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1985–1990. Vols. 1–2. Edwards, Mark U., Jr. Printing, Propaganda, and Martin Luther . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994. Leaver, Robin . Luther’s Liturgical Music: Principles and Implications . Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2007. Lohse, Bernhard . Martin Luther’s Theology: Its Historical and Systematic Development . Translated by Roy A. Harrisville . Minneapolis: Fortress, 1999. McGrath, Alister E. Luther’s Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther’s Theological...

Martin Luther in Finland and the Baltics  

Antti Raunio

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...studied the conceptions of unio and inhabitatio in Luther and early Lutheranism 67 and also published studies on Luther’s pneumatology and view of the Bible. Sundkvist’s thesis is about the sacramental character of Luther’s preaching. 68 She then acted as the professor of practical theology there. Some themes of the third phase of the Finnish Luther research are in nuce present already in Haikola’s thinking. The third phase began at the end of the 1970s when Tuomo Mannermaa ( 1937–2015 ) published his study “In ipsa fide Christus adest: The Intersection of the...

Martin Luther in the Eyes of His Roman Catholic Opponents  

Jared Wicks

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...in Halle, for the diocese of Magdeburg, who had first received Luther’s texts, he acknowledged their communication “mit zcugesanten tractat und Conclusion [theses] eins vermessen Monichs zcw Wittenburg [Luther], das heylig negotium Indulgenciarum und unsere Subcommissarien [Tetzel] betreffend” ( Dokumente zur Causa Lutheri , 1:305). On Luther’s tractat see Jared Wicks , “Martin Luther’s Treatise on Indulgences, 1517,” Theological Studies 28 (1967): 481–518, reprinted in Jared Wicks , Luther’s Reform: Studies on Conversion and the Church (Mainz: von Zabern...

Martin Luther and Relational Thinking  

Risto Saarinen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...According to the Finns, an existential and relational emphasis tends to neglect the sacramental character of Luther’s theology. If our union with Christ becomes interpreted as a relationship in which Christ remains merely “external to us,” the sacramental side of Luther’s theology of salvation becomes modernized in an unhistorical manner. 80 This criticism, while valid in large part, is insufficient to prove that the discovery of Luther’s relational thinking would be simply illusory. Berndt Hamm’s new studies on monasticism and mysticism are taken into account here, 81 but...

Martin Luther’s Understanding of Earlier Reformers  

Phillip N. Haberkern

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

..., “Luther and the Late Medieval Augustinians: Another Look,” Concordia Theological Monthly 44 (1973): 245–260; and Volker Leppin , “Luther’s Transformation of Medieval Thought: Continuity and Discontinuity,” in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , eds. L. Batka et al. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 115–124. 13. On these potential influences, see Erik Herrmann, “Luther’s Absorption of Medieval Biblical Interpretation,” and Volker Leppin, “Luther’s Roots in Monastic-Mystical Piety,” both in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology...

Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays  

Mark D. Tranvik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Understanding Martin Luther’s Demonological Rhetoric in His Treatise against the Heavenly Prophets (1525) . Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 2010. Rosin, Robert . “Humanism, Luther, and the Wittenberg Reformation.” In The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology . Edited by Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and Lubomír Batka , 91–104. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. Stolt, Birgit . “Luther’s Faith of the Heart: Experience, Emotion and Reason.” In The Global Luther . Edited by Christine Helmer , 131–150. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2009. Vind, Anna . “Luther’s Thought...

Martin Luther’s Reform of Worship  

Dirk G. Lange

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...the promise; on this see in particular Oswald Bayer’s Martin Luther’s Theology . 64 Important historical studies have been published over the years, notably the works by Frank Senn and, with regard to Luther’s enormous musical contribution, Robin Leaver’s Luther’s Liturgical Music . Today in Europe there is a revival of thinking around the sacraments. At the University of Leipzig, under the direction of Alexander Deeg (see his Das äußere Wort und seine liturgische Gestalt ), the sacramental basis for a theology of the Gottesdienst is being researched and developed...

Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament  

Erik H. Herrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament Luther’s formal occupation was to comment on the Scriptures. For most of his life and throughout his entire academic career, Luther was a member of the University of Wittenberg’s theology faculty, a doctor in Biblia with the solemn obligation to lecture on the sacred Scriptures. It has been observed that if Luther was in a modern university, he would have been a professor of Old Testament exegesis. 1 But of course, Luther was not in a modern university, and although most of his lectures and published...

The Luther Renaissance  

Heinrich Assel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...disputed political writings of Luther on war (the Peasants’ War or the anti-Turkish war) and the reception of his later anti-Jewish writings by the German Luther Renaissance around 1933 , compared to non-reception approaches in Nordic discourses. • The widespread neglect of Luther’s later writings on Christology and sacramental theology, and the neglect of Luther’s later disputations and the lectures on Genesis (with the exception of Bornkamm). Methodolocial Constraints and Deficits of the Different National Discourses Within the Luther Renaissance • The...

The Gift in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Bo Kristian Holm

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...this as a clear continuation of Luther’s theology. Bayer’s work has inspired many later works on Luther and gift, although Bayer himself only touched the necessity of discussing the theological use of the gift with anthropological studies. 52 In direct connection to Luther research, Bayer developed his gift approach in Martin Luther’s Theology , identifying the only possible return gift to God in faith’s letting God be God: that is, in acknowledging God as the only giver. 53 At the Luther congress in 1983 , German Luther scholar Martin Seils marked another reference...

Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology  

Zachary Purvis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology Luther and the Meanings of Protestantism “One might call our age, the age of monuments,” Eisleben’s superintendent, Christian Berger, declaimed in 1817 . “How could such an age forget one for Luther?” 1 Indeed, it did not. While Friedrich Wilhelm III, the Prussian monarch, laid the cornerstone of the grand Luther monument in Wittenberg on November 1, 1817 , the second day of the three-day tercentenary celebration of Martin Luther’s 95 Theses, Luther himself also left a “living monument” for the 19th century: his...

Martin Luther on the Church and Its Ministry  

Cheryl M. Peterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...invisible, that leaves Luther with a spiritual invisible church.” 7 This goes against Luther’s own theological logic, whereby the “ inward follows the outward , that spiritual grace is inseparable from and dependent for its presence on the bodily and sacramental,” and which should lead Luther to “a primary identification of the church as the concrete worshipping community , whose inward unity in faith and the Spirit is constituted precisely in and through its public sacramental practice.” 8 Jared Wicks agrees that the ecclesiology presented in Luther’s polemical works...

Martin Luther in Modern European Philosophy  

Simon D. Podmore

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...horizon of humanity’s self-apotheosis. Martin Heidegger: Philosophical Theology as a Square Circle Nietzsche’s judgment on Luther instils new irony into Martin Heidegger’s ( 1889–1976 ) claim that Nietzsche’s Will-to-Power represents not the post-metaphysical philosophy he envisioned, but rather the consummation of the Western metaphysical tradition itself. According to Heidegger, Nietzsche is not the first man of a new dawn, but the last philosopher of metaphysics’ final night: metaphysics’ inevitable degeneration into nihilism. 158 Luther, by contrast, becomes...

Baptism in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Kirsi Stjerna

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...being God’s work, (3) baptism is an ongoing work of God, (4) the baptized are responsible to the world of God, and (5) the baptized are to be faithful to Christ. Baptism is deemed as “one of the true sacraments and normally necessary for salvation.” 85 One of the few full-length books recently written about Luther and baptism is Jonathan Trigg’s dissertation-based work Baptism in the Theology of Martin Luther , from 1994 . 86 In response to Barth’s critique, Trigg investigates various sources from Luther, including the Lectures on Genesis, the sacramental theology...

Martin Luther as a Polemicist  

Thomas Kaufmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Ragnar . Grace and Gift: An Analysis of a Central Motif in Martin Luther’s Rationis Latomianae Confutatio. Frankfurt: Peter, Lang, 2008. Spehr, Christopher . Luther und das Konzil: Zur Entwicklung eines zentralen Themas in der Reformationszeit . Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2010. Stolt, Birgit . Wortkampf: Frühneuhochdeutsche Beispiele zur rhetorischen Praxis . Frankfurt: Athenäum, 1974. Vind, Anna . “Luther’s Thought Assumed Form in Polemics.” In The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology . Edited by Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and L’ubomír Batka...

Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, and Their Wittenberg Colleagues  

Timothy J. Wengert

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Jonas translates Luther’s original into Latin and Melanchthon’s original into German. Only in the 1540s do serious differences between the chief protagonists, Luther and Melanchthon, appear, especially over the Lord’s Supper, where Luther worries more about Christ’s absence from the meal and Melanchthon more over the worship of bread outside the sacramental action. But even these theological differences do not destroy their relationship or their commitment to good letters and ancient sources. 132 When in June 1546 , only four months after Luther’s death, Melanchthon...

Mysticism in Martin Luther’s Development and Thoughts  

Volker Leppin

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...cannot be understood of sacramental penitence (i.e., confession and satisfaction which is celebrated by the priest’s office).” 44 Here we find both the emphasis on inward penitence and the relativization of sacramental penitence. For a broader understanding of the Reformation movement, this means that images of Luther’s protest drawing out a new theology of reformation as a counterpoint to “the” Middle Ages miss the mark completely. In truth, this was one branch of late medieval piety, the inward mystical one, which was opposed in Luther’s work to another branch,...

View: