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Martin Luther’s Sermons and Postils  

John M. Frymire

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...126. Sermons of Martin Luther: The House Postils , ed. Eugene F. A. Klug , 3 vols. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1996); reprinted as vols. 5–7 with the Church Postil , ed. Lenker , in The Complete Sermons of Martin Luther (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2000). 127. Klug, House Postils , 1:15; and Aland, Luther Deutsch , 8:8–9. 128. No critical edition was consulted: Festival Sermons of Martin Luther: The Church Postils , trans. Joel R. Baseley (Dearborn, MI: Mark V, 2005). 129. Also in LW 76: Prefaces to Luther’s Lent Postil (1525), 453–454, and Roth’s Winter...

Martin Luther's Life, 1517-1525  

Christopher Boyd Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Christmas and Advent) of the collection of German sermons that came to be known as the Church Postil—supplying preachers with examples to imitate or to use outright from the pulpit as well as a devotional book for household reading, applying the biblical texts appointed for worship to lay lives in light of the structures of Luther’s theology. The collection was completed for the whole church year by the end of the 1520s, and Luther continued to supervise the revision of the postil until the last years of his life. 38 It was also in the Wartburg that Luther undertook...

Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament  

Erik H. Herrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...context, Mary and the consequent Marian piety is recast. Like Luther’s Christmas postil, 85 written around the same time, Luther’s Mary is not the queenly mediatrix of late medieval piety; rather, she is the paragon of humility and lowliness, the true “Cinderella.” 86 In this way, she is a fitting recipient of God’s grace, mercy, and salvation. Sermon on the Mount Luther’s commentary on the Sermon on the Mount was derived from his Wednesday serial preaching on Matthew, begun during Bugenhagen’s absence in 1528 . It was probably sometime between 1530 and 1532...

Martin Luther’s Occasional Writings: Table Talk, Letters, and Prefaces  

Wolf-Friedrich Schäufele

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Bugenhagen, Brenz, and others. To the second class belong sermons, postils, and instructions for catechesis and pastoral care. Other writings were devoted to the practical implementation and formation of the Reformation, such as Melanchthon’s Instruction for the Visitors of 1528 51 and treatises on municipal relief for the poor and on educational reform. In a class of its own are writings on celibacy (among them several apologies of married clergymen or religious persons) and on the Protestant conception of marriage. The remaining part of the books Luther furnished with...

Martin Luther in Finland and the Baltics  

Antti Raunio

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...of Luther’s writings that had been published till then. He is likely to be the first one who ordered a book by Luther to Finland, namely the Latin Postil that was printed in Strasbourg 1528 . Mikael Agricola ( c . 1507–1557 ), the coming Finnish reformer, went to school in Vyborg in the 1520s. He probably had the opportunity to read the books in Block’s library there. 36 Agricola read certain of Luther’s texts thoroughly quite early. From Vyborg, he moved to Turku and worked as a secretary of the bishop. In 1531 , he purchased Luther’s Postil in Latin and very...

Martin Luther’s Views on Mission and Christianization  

Michal Valčo

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...helps us see Luther’s relevance today. Oswald Beyer , Martin Luther’s Theology: A Contemporary Interpretation , translated by Thomas Trapp (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2008), 10. 24. Sermon on Matthew 8:23–27 (January 31, 1546), WA 51:155, 16–28. 25. Several Chapters of St. John the Evangelist (1537), LW 22:197–198; Temporal Authority: To What Extent it should be Obeyed (1523), LW 45:91–92. 26. Sermon on Titus 2:11–15, Christmas Postil (1522), WA 10/I.1:21–23. Cf. Luther’s Preface to the New Testament (1546/1522), LW 35:359; and A Commentary...

Martin Luther’s Writings  

Robert Kolb

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...be simply translated and read, but certainly with study material sufficient to generate several sermons. Students took over the task of editing selected sermons, and the publication of his postils provided models for pericopal preaching on both gospel and epistle lessons to thousands of pastors into the 17th century and beyond. 73 Academic Lectures Luther’s sermons from 1520 onward often had elements that sounded like his lectures to students; in fact, students comprised a significant part of his hearers at the town church. Luther’s lectures also included...

Martin Luther and Preaching  

Steve Paulson and Chris Croghan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...translated into English, and those especially in the American edition of Luther’s works ( LW ). 65 That collection includes the church postils (vols. 75–77) that had previously been available only in the N. Lenker translations and the house postils, which are available from E. Klug. 66 In-depth treatment of Luther and proclamation, however, is rather sparse, especially in English. Fred Meuser’s Luther the Preacher , Elmer Carl Kiessling’s The Early Sermons of Luther and Their Relation to the Pre-Reformation Sermon , and Harold J. Grimm’s Martin Luther as Preacher stand...

Martin Luther on Prayer in Life  

Mary Jane Haemig

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...by the Word of God, and for this reason are part of the church, which has the definite command to pray. Consequently, you should not look at your unworthiness; you should look at God’s command and not debate whether you are worthy or not. But you should hold fast the promise that the Lord wants to do the will of those who fear Him. 47 This whole matter of God’s being willing to change his intention is a two-edged sword. Do humans really want God to change his intention? What exactly might be changed? In a postil sermon for Maundy Thursday, Luther addressed these questions...

Martin Luther in Denmark  

Niels Henrik Gregersen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Melanchthon, was also called in as a reader in the cathedral school. All pastors had to be reschooled if they wanted to stay, and the twenty-two Haderslev Articles ( 1528 ) embody a very practical approach to the reform of the church, including catechism and supervision, and also an emphasis on baptism, and on bearing the cross of Christ in daily life. The gospel was to be preached following Luther’s postils (collections of Luther’s sermons). Pastors were even obliged to marry, unless they had good reasons for not doing so. 10 The Reformation of Haderslev ( 1526–1528...

Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology  

Zachary Purvis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...also a prominent Lutheran hymn writer, once styled himself “Luther the Little” in his poetic masterpiece, New Year’s Morning ( 1824 ), while the latter tended to swim in the waters of speculative German theology. 42 Luther’s sermons seem to garner most of the attention from Kierkegaard in his difficult journals and papers. 43 But Kierkegaard did, in fact, own a ten-volume collection of Luther’s major works, the Table-Talk , and a Danish edition of Luther’s Church Postil . If Kierkegaard’s image of Luther proves vexing, that of the Left-Hegelian Ludwig Feuerbach...

Martin Luther and Lutheran Orthodoxy  

Andreas Stegmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Lutheranism as well as the Christian faith and living initiated by Luther. From the 1520s on, Luther’s Bible, hymns, and Catechisms were the basic printed building blocks of the emerging Lutheran confessional culture. Luther’s postils were widely used models for Protestant preaching. His liturgies and his prayer book influenced congregational and personal expressions of piety. During his lifetime, the Reformer from Wittenberg was an authority whose word carried great weight, whose approval one sought, and whose ideas and advice one implemented. During the second half...

Martin Luther’s Catechisms  

Ninna Jørgensen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...covered the entire liturgical year. Here questions and answers to the gospel texts replaced the regular sermons. This book was more often found on the shelves of Danish families than even Luther’s house postil . Not a few church orders in Germany moreover stressed the catechetical importance of diligent preaching on the gospel texts on Christ’s feast days, especially in the countryside, where pastoral attendance was scarce. Studies of this literature would add considerably to our knowledge of Lutheran culture and education. Further Reading Adam, Bernd . Katechetische...

Martin Luther and the Lord’s Prayer  

Matthias Mikoteit

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...7–32. Since Luther already states that oratio relies upon the promissio Dei in the form of the tota oratio (624, 9) (“whole prayer”) in this early sermon, Martin Brecht’s view of Luther’s 1519 Sermon on Prayer and Processions in Rogation Week (WA 2:175–179) is thus put into perspective. Brecht states that this sermon “proves that Luther has developed his theory of prayer going beyond his explanations of the Lord’s Prayer he has delivered so far. Now it is recognized that God’s promise forms the basis for all prayer.” See Brecht, Martin Luther , vol. 1, 337...

Martin Luther and Anti-Judaism and Anti-Semitism  

Christopher Ocker

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...attributing it to Luther’s colleague Kaspar Creuziger ( 1504–1548 ). Creuziger, said Neumann, recognized the inconsistency of the original text with Luther’s Of David’s Last Words ( 1543 ), then personally consulted Luther before emending the Postil edition. 16 Pietists rejected this malicious speculation, and Spener restored the original text of Luther’s Postill on Romans. 11:25–27 in his 1700 edition of the Church Postill . Every edition published since then followed Spener’s version. 17 The Pietists’ reassessment of this other Luther was complete by 1700...

Martin Luther in Central Europe: Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia  

L'ubomír Batka

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...was translated by Miloslav Križan and printed in Myjava in 1920 . An overview of the Luther’s treatises up to 1961 was compiled by Jan Petrík. 71 The greatest variety of Luther’s writings was published in an anthology produced collaboratively by prominent theologians and church representatives and appeared in 1983 in conjunction with the 500th anniversary of Luther’s birth. 72 This anthology contains Luther’s treatises Ninety-five Theses , On Christian Liberty , Von den Schlüsseln , Ein Sermon von dem heiligen hochwürdigen Sakrament der Taufe . Die sieben...

Martin Luther, Bible Translation, and the German Language  

Anja Lobenstein-Reichmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...employed. Luther very consciously expanded his circle of recipients from experts and specialists to all believers and thus consequently and effectively utilized all media opportunities at his disposal. He was the model giving the written norm for all types of text he served. Luther’s church ordinances served as a model for later church ordinances, his devotional books (for example postils) were groundbreaking for an entire generation of Protestant devotional books, his hymns encouraged more hymnic literature, his pamphlet polemic resulted in new pamphlets, and so on....

Magic and the Occult in Martin Luther’s World  

Kathryn A. Edwards

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... 50. Oberman, Luther , 72–73. 51. Herman Barge , Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt (Nieuwkoop, Netherlands: B. de Graf, 1899), 1: 614, in Gordon, “Malevolent Ghosts, in Gordon and Marshall, The Place of the Dead , 88. 52. Oberman, Luther , 88. 53. Martin Luther, sermon on the First Commandment (given 1516; published 1518), in WA 1:406–410, quoted in Kors and Peters, Witchcraft in Europe , trans. Peters, 264–265. 54. Martin Luther, sermon on Matthew 2: 1–12 (1522); WA 10:1. 55. WA TR 3:51–52, no. 3979, trans. Edward Peters, in Kors and Peters, Witchcraft...

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