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Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays  

Mark D. Tranvik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays The Treatises of Martin Luther As many scholars have noted, Martin Luther comes to us in a dizzying array of literary forms. His collected works include commentaries, catechetical writings, sermons, treatises and essays, letters, polemics, disputations, pamphlets, and hymns. 1 The sheer breadth of his work can lead to misconceptions about Luther as an author. Because he did not write a more systematic theology like Philip Melanchthon’s Loci Communes or John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion , it is tempting to suggest...

Portrayals of Martin Luther in Print, Stage and Film  

Derek R. Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Seven Headed Luther: Essays in Commemoration of a Quincentenary 1483–1983 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1983). 6. Originally published in 1549. See the excellent translation with helpful notes in Ralph Keen , Elizabeth Vandiver , and Thomas D. Frazel , eds., Luther’s Lives: Two Contemporary Accounts of Martin Luther (Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 2002), 53–351. 7. See A. G. Dickens and John Tonkin , The Reformation in Historical Thought (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985), 21–25. 8. Keen, Vandiver, and Frazel, Luther’s Lives , 55...

Martin Luther’s Sermons and Postils  

John M. Frymire

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...entry “Essays and Treatises” in this encyclopedia. 72. Full bibliographical information (critical edition, translation) for each postil is included in the section “Primary Sources,” which concludes with a chronological chart, with bibliography, of all the postils. In what follows I cite such information in the endnotes only when quoting from, or paraphrasing, specific passages. 73. Luther, dedication of Exposition of the Epistles and Gospels which Are Called Postils (Latin Advent Postil ), LW 76:450–452 (WA 7:463–465). 74. Brecht, Martin Luther , 2:15–18;...

Martin Luther on the Church and Its Ministry  

Cheryl M. Peterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Jacob in Three Treatises of Martin Luther (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1960), 14 (author’s emphasis). 26. “Answer to the Hyperchristian, Hyperspiritual and Hyperlearned Book by Goat Emser in Leipzig—including some thoughts regarding his companion, the Fool Murner” (1521), in LW 39:139–224. 27. LW 39:159 (author’s emphasis). 28. LW 39:182–183. 29. LW 39:182. 30. LW 39:218 (author’s emphasis). 31. LW 39:222. 32. For example, see Gerhard Forde , “Law and Gospel in Luther’s Hermeneutic,” Interpretation 37 (1983): 240–252. 33. Martin Luther , The Large Catechism...

Martin Luther's Practice of Old Testament Commentary  

John A. Maxfield

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought 92. Leiden, The Netherlands, and Boston: Brill, 2003. Maxfield, John A. Luther’s Lectures on Genesis and the Formation of Evangelical Identity. Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies 80. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 2008. Maxfield, John A. “Martin Luther’s Swan Song: Luther’s Students, Melanchthon, and the Publication of the Lectures on Genesis (1544–1554).” Lutherjahrbuch: Organ der internationalen Lutherforschung 81 (2014): 224–248. Meinhold, Peter . Die Genesisvorlesung Luthers und ihre Herausgeber...

Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament  

Erik H. Herrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...44:283–399 XXX; and WA 8:573–669. 21. Cf. Luther’s treatise on the matter, Whether One May Flee from a Deadly Plague , 1527; LW 43:115–138; and WA 23:339–379. 22. LW 30:219–327; and WA 20:599–801. 23. LW 29:3–105; and WA 25:6–78. 24. LW 28:215–384; and WA 26:4–120. 25. See LW 69:3–9. 26. For more historical detail of Luther’s serial preaching on John, see the introduction to LW 69:xv–xxii by Christopher Boyd Brown. 27. LW 26:3–461; LW 27:3–149; WA 40/I:33–688; and WA 40/II:1–184. 28. LW 23:3–294; and WA 32:299–544. 29. LW 28:59–213; and WA 36:478–696...

Martin Luther on Grace  

Hans Wiersma

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Peura, Simo . “What God Gives Man Receives: Luther on Salvation.” In Union with Christ: The New Finnish Interpretation of Luther . Edited by Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jenson , 76–95. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998. Stjerna, Kirsi . “Grace Only? Or All Is Grace?” Dialog 54.3 (2015): 260–268. Turnbull, Stephan . “Grace and Gift in Luther and Paul.” Word & World 24.3 (2004): 305–314. Weimer, Christoph . “Luther and Cranach on Justification in Word and Image.” In The Pastoral Luther: Essays on Martin Luther’s Practical Theology . Edited by Timothy J...

Martin Luther’s Understanding of Earlier Reformers  

Phillip N. Haberkern

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Hendrix , “‘We Are All Hussites’? Hus and Luther Revisited,” ARG 65 (1974): 134–161. Cf. the more nuanced view of Hus’s formative impact on Luther in Heiko Oberman , “Hus and Luther: Prophets of a Radical Reformation,” in The Contentious Triangle: Church, State, and University , Sixteenth Century Essays & Studies 51, eds. R. Petersen and C. Pater (Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 1999), 135–166. 31. Martin Luther , Defense and Explanation of All the Articles (1521), LW 32:3–100, at 82. 32. LW 32:82. Luther’s claim to be ten times greater than...

Martin Luther in Modern European Philosophy  

Simon D. Podmore

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...is the meticulous and illuminating essay by David Yoon-Jun Kim and Joel D. S. Rasmussen which encapsulates the ambivalence of Kierkegaard’s reception of Luther. 214 Prominent among the research on Nietzsche’s reception of Luther remain four articles by Heinz Bluhm from the 1940s and 1950s. 215 Despite a scholarly predilection for the recent, these essays retain importance as providing a clear and informed overview of Nietzsche’s evolving view of Luther. More recently, Giles Fraser’s book on Nietzsche devotes important background material to Luther, while remaining...

Martin Luther’s Theology of the Lord’s Supper  

R. David Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Hochschulschriften 79. Pieterlen and Bern: Peter Lang, 1977. Schwarz, Reinhard . “The Last Supper: The Testament of Jesus.” In The Pastoral Luther: Essays on Martin Luther’s Practical Theology . Edited by Timothy J. Wengert , 198–210. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009. Wainwright, Geoffrey . Eucharist and Eschatology . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981. Wandel, Lee Palmer . The Eucharist in the Reformation: Incarnation and Liturgy . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Wisløff, Carl . The Gift of Communion: Luther’s Controversy with Rome on E...

Martin Luther in 19th-Century Theology  

Zachary Purvis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...‘True Successor,’” in Kierkegaard and the Renaissance and Modern Traditions , vol. 2, Theology , ed. Jon Stewart (Farnham: Ashgate, 2009), 173–218. 44. Van A. Harvey , “Feuerbach on Luther’s Doctrine of Revelation: An Essay in Honor of Brian Garrish,” Journal of Religion 78 (1998): 3–17. 45. See David W. Lotz , Ritschl and Luther: A Fresh Perspective on Albrecht Ritschl’s Theology in the Light of his Luther Study (Nashville: Abingdon, 1974). 46. Bernhard Lohse , Martin Luther: An Introduction to His Life and Work , trans. Robert C. Schultz (Minneapolis:...

The Luther Renaissance  

Heinrich Assel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...“Western” charismatic religion of conscience and set in the context of Weber’s analyses of charismatic power ( Herrschaft ) and sociology of religion. In this perspective, Holl interprets Luther’s religion of conscience by including Luther’s concept of the church, Luther’s economical view of vocation, and Luther’s political concept of power and lordship. The three volumes of Holl’s Collected Essays can be understood as a comparative confessional study. 63 Combining these with Holl’s unpublished letters can bring significant and distinctive research results, which will...

The Twofold Rule of God  

John R. Stumme

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Edward Cranz , An Essay on the Development of Luther’s Thought on Justice, Law, and Society (Mifflintown, PA: Sigler, 1998), 31. 6. Cranz, Essay , xvi. 7. Cranz, Essay , xviii, 56–58. 8. LW 31:344. 9. Heinrich Bornkamm , Luther in Mid-Career, 1521–1530 (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983), 202 10. Bernd Wannenwetsch , “Luther’s Moral Theology,” in The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther , ed. Donald K. McKim (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 127. 11. Mary Gaebler , The Courage of Faith: Martin Luther and the Theonomous...

Martin Luther’s Disputations  

David Luy

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Athina Lexutt and David Luy interact extensively with Luther’s Christological disputations of 1539 and 1540 , and so do the essays within Oswald Bayer and Benjamin Gleede’s Creator est creatura . 138 Other important themes in the late disputations have similarly attracted their own constellation of helpful secondary studies. These include, for instance, Luther’s doctrine of the Trinity (e.g., Christine Helmer’s The Trinity and Martin Luther , Graham White’s Luther as Nominalist, Dennis Bielfeldt et al’s The Substance of the Faith and Simo Knuuttila and Risto Saarinen’s...

Martin Luther’s Writings  

Robert Kolb

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Romans and Galatians . New York: Lang, 1984. Burger, Christoph . “Luther’s Thought Took Shape in Translation of Scripture and Hymns.” In The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology . Edited by Robert Kolb , Irene Dingel , and Lubomir Batka , 481–488. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Dingel, Irene . “Pruning the Vines, Plowing Up the Vineyard. The Sixteenth-Century Culture of Controversy between Disputation and Polemic.” In The Reformation as Christianization. Essays on Scott Hendrix’s Christianization Thesis . Edited by Anna Marie Johnson and John...

Martin Luther in Karl Marx  

Paul R. Hinlicky

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...discovered another Luther than Feuerbach’s covert atheist 40 or Engels’s timid lackey. The Luther who appears here is the Luther who was a lifelong preacher against usury, as argued programmatically during the initial years’ summoning to reform of church and society in his 1524 treatise On Trade and Usury 41 (incorporating earlier interventions from 1520 ). 42 Luther’s reformatory critique of contemporary finance and mercantilism was reinforced by a renewed exhortation in 1540 to preach against usury, from which Marx also drew. 43 Luther’s stance on new questions...

Martin Luther and Systematic Theology  

Paul R. Hinlicky

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... 5. Graham White , Luther as Nominalist: A Study of the Logical Methods Used in Martin Luther’s Disputations in the Light of Their Medieval Background , Schriften der Luther-Agricola-Gesellschaft 30 (Helsinki: Luther-Agricola Society 1994) ; Dennis Bielfeldt , Mickey L. Mattox , and Paul R. Hinlicky , The Substance of the Faith: Luther’s Doctrinal Theology for Today (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2008) ; and Christine Helmer , The Trinity and Martin Luther: A Study on the Relationship between Genre, Language and the Trinity in Luther’s Works, 1523–1546 (Mainz...

Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, and Their Wittenberg Colleagues  

Timothy J. Wengert

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

..., Gottes Nähe unmittelbar erfahren: Mystik im Mittelalter und bei Martin Luther (Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2007) , especially Volker Leppin, “Transformationen spätmittelalterlicher Mystik bei Luther,” 165–186; and Berndt Hamm, “Wie mystisch war der Glaube Luthers?,” 237–288, and the literature cited there. 6. David C. Steinmetz , Luther and Staupitz: An Essay in the Intellectual Origins of the Protestant Reformation (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1980). 7. WA BR 1:20, 16–18, dated February 1514. 8. WA BR 1:23, 5–7. 9. WA BR 1:28–29. 10. WA BR...

Martin Luther’s Views on Mission and Christianization  

Michal Valčo

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Christianization: Essays on Scott Hendrix’s Christianization Thesis . Spätmittelalter, Humanismus, Reformation/Studies in the Late Middle Ages, Humanism and the Reformation, 66. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2012. Leppin, Volker . Martin Luther . Darmstadt: Primus, 2006. Lindberg, Carter . The European Reformations . 2d ed. Chichester: John Wiley, 2010. MacCulloch, Diarmaid . The Reformation . New York: Viking Penguin, 2004. Öberg, Ingemar . Luther and World Mission: A Historical and Systematic Study with Special Reference to Luther’s Bible Exposition...

Martin Luther in Central Europe: Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia  

L'ubomír Batka

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...guest of Luther. Back in Hungary in 1531 , he became the reformer in Buda and preacher for Hungarian people in Košice (Kaschau). Among his treatises, the Rudimenta salutis , some fifty-two theses on Lutheran teaching, and Sententiae de sanctorum dormitione deserve attention. He translated Luther’s Small Catechism in 1537 , its first publication in Hungarian. In Upper Hungary in Turiec, the Révay family played an important role. Count Ferenc Révay had become in 1542 the deputy of the Palatine of Hungary. In 1538 he turned directly to Martin Luther in a letter...

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