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Martin Luther’s Writings  

Robert Kolb

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Writings Luther and the Medium of Print As Martin Luther perceived how the printers had capitalized on the publication of his Ninety-Five Theses on indulgences at the end of 1517 , he almost immediately grasped the potential of the printing trade for facilitating the spread of his call for reform and for propagating his understanding of the biblical message. 1 He quickly learned how to put the printers’ craft to use in the service of his efforts to transform the public teaching and practice of the Christian faith. A few months earlier...

Martin Luther’s Pastoral Writings  

Ronald K. Rittgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... , and Peter D. S. Krey , eds. and trans. Luther’s Spirituality . New York: Paulist, 2007. Leroux, Neil R. Martin Luther as Comforter: Writings on Death . Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2007. Luther, Martin . Devotional Writings II . Edited by Gustav K. Wienke . Vol. 43 of Luther’s Works . Edited by Helmut T. Lehmann . Philadelphia: Fortress, 1968. Luther, Martin . Devotional Writings I . Edited by Martin O. Dietrich . Vol. 42 of Luther’s Works . Edited by Helmut T. Lehmann . Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1969. Luther, Martin . Letters of Spiritual...

Martin Luther’s Occasional Writings: Table Talk, Letters, and Prefaces  

Wolf-Friedrich Schäufele

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther’s Occasional Writings: Table Talk, Letters, and Prefaces Table Talk Origins and Transmission Luther’s so-called Table Talk causes a strange fascination. This collection of short anecdotes and quotes seemingly allows us, even more than Luther’s sermons and letters, to encounter the reformer immediately and personally and to hear his own voice. It was the Luther of Table Talk who for centuries shaped the wider public’s idea of the reformer. The term “table talk” ( Tischreden ) goes back to the basic edition by Johann Aurifaber. 1 With...

Penance, Confession, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation in Martin Luther’s Context and Writings  

Ronald K. Rittgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Penance, Confession, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation in Martin Luther’s Context and Writings Luther’s Opposition to the Sacrament of Penance Martin Luther had many sharp words for the traditional sacrament of penance. Owing to its emphasis on contrition (i.e., perfect sorrow for sin motivated by the love of God), 1 the necessity of making a complete or full confession to one’s priest (i.e., one in which the penitent confessed all mortal sins), the requirement of works of satisfaction or penances, and the clergy’s sole possession of the power of the keys (i.e., the...

Portrayals of Martin Luther in Print, Stage and Film  

Derek R. Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...in the 1930s. Anti-German sentiment during the 1930s and 1940s necessitated a delay in its publication, however. 53. Michael Mullett , Martin Luther (New York: Routledge, 2004), 264. 54. Volker Leppin , Martin Luther (Darmstadt, Germany: Primus Verlag, 2006). 55. Martin Brecht , Martin Luther , 3 vols., trans. James L. Schaaf (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1985–1989). 56. Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet , 121–122. 57. Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet , 124. 58. Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet , 124. 59. Johannes Schilling , “Luther in der Litteratur...

Martin Luther in North America  

Mark A. Granquist

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...volume must be mentioned here, the single-volume anthology of Luther’s writings edited by church historian John Dillenberger, Martin Luther: Selections From His Writings ( 1962 ); 7 this volume was widely used in seminary courses of Luther and the Reformation—perhaps with Bainton’s biography the two books that most widely introduced Luther to the American public. Outside of Luther scholars, others began to explore the life and thought of Luther in the 1950s and 1960s. One important interpreter of Luther was the German-born systematic theologian Paul Tillich, who...

Martin Luther's Life, 1517-1525  

Christopher Boyd Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...10/II:375–501, LW 43:47–55. 65. Brecht, Martin Luther . 66. Heinrich Bornkamm , Luther in Mid-Career: 1521–1530 , trans. E. Theodore Bachmann (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983). 67. Walther von Loewenich , Luther’s Theology of the Cross, trans. Herbert J. A. Bouman (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1976); Gerhard O. Forde , On Being a Theologian of the Cross: Reflections on Luther’s Heidelberg Disputation, 1518 (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997); and Alister E. McGrath , Luther’s Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther’s Theological Breakthrough , 2d ed. (Oxford:...

Martin Luther’s Sermons and Postils  

John M. Frymire

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...2000). This translation is mistakenly identified as Luther’s House Postil in Timothy F. Lull , “Luther’s Writings,” in The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther , ed. Donald K. McKim (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 50. 125. Dr. Martin Luther’s House-Postil, or, Sermons on the Gospels for the Sundays and Principal Festivals of the Church Year , ed. M. Loy , 2 vols. (Columbus, OH: Schulze & Gassmann, 1871); also printed as Sermons on the Gospels for the Sundays and Principal Festivals of the Church Year , 2 vols. (Rock Island, IL: Lutheran...

Martin Luther, History, and Its Meaning  

Curtis L. Thompson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...material for a general audience in Leonard S. Smith , Martin Luther’s Two Ways of Viewing Life and the Educational Foundation of a Lutheran Ethos (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2011). 29. Alister E. McGrath , Luther’s Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther’s Theological Breakthrough (Oxford: Blackwell, 1985), 96–97, as cited in Smith, Religion and the Rise of History , 61, and the reference to Luther is LW 34:337. 30. The Babylonian Captivity of the Church—Part I (1520) in Martin Luther’s Basic Theological Writings , 2d ed., ed. Timothy F. Lull (Minneapolis:...

Martin Luther’s Biblical Commentary: New Testament  

Erik H. Herrmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Ebeling’s work inspired a new approach to Luther studies that considered his writings within the context of history of biblical interpretation. Alongside Ebeling resides the work of Walther von Loewenich, who published a study on Luther and Gospel of John— Luther und das johanneische Christentum ( 1935 ) 103 —and then a longer work on Luther’s interpretation of the Synoptic Gospels, Luther als Ausleger der Synoptiker ( 1954 ). 104 In this work, von Loewenich attends to the postil literature and considers both methodological and theological issues in Luther’s exegesis...

Martin Luther’s Life, 1526–1546  

Mickey L. Mattox

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... WA 54:28–100; LW 15:264–352. 48. WA 53:573–648. This treatise will be translated for the Continuation Series of Luther’s Works. For a study of Luther’s anti-Jewish writings, see Thomas Kaufmann , Luther’s ‘Judenschriften’ (Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2011). 49. WA 11:314–336; LW 45:196–231. 50. WA 54:16–100. On the issue of Luther’s anti-Jewish exegesis, see Mickey L. Mattox , “From Faith to the Text and Back Again: Martin Luther on the Trinity in the Old Testament,” Pro Ecclesia 15.3 (2006): 281–303. 51. See, e.g., Heiko A. Oberman , The...

Martin Luther in Finland and the Baltics  

Antti Raunio

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...their opposition against the Catholic Church. So, Luther’s teachings were discussed among the clergy already in the 1520s. 5 The first pastor who preached the Gospel on the basis of reformatory views in the Baltics was Andreas Knopken, who acted as pastor of the Saint Peter’s Church in Riga. He came from Germany and possessed a close connection with Johannes Bugenhagen. 6 Knopken had already studied Luther’s book “On the Church’s Babylonian Captivity” together with Bugenhagen by 1520 in Treptow. Reading Luther’s writings and discussions with Bugenhagen led him to inner...

Martin Luther in the Eyes of His Roman Catholic Opponents  

Jared Wicks

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...and Writings of Martin Luther from the Year of Our Lord 1517 to the Year 1546 Related Chronologically to all Posterity , in Luther’s Lives: Two Contemporary Accounts of Martin Luther , trans. and annotated by Elizabeth Vandiver , Ralph Keen , and Thomas D. Frazel (Manchester: Manchester University Press, and New York: Palgrave, 2002), 53–351. 57. Cochlaeus gives an account of his Seven-Headed Luther , on the Reformer’s self-contradictory turn, in Deeds and Writings of Martin Luther , 224–226 and 239–240. 58. Cochlaeus, Deeds and Writings of Martin Luther...

Martin Luther in the German Enlightenment  

Albrecht Beutel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 3. 102. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 33. 103. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 64–65. 104. Cf. Ibid. 105. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 69. 106. Ibid. 107. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 71. 108. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 74. 109. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 9. 110. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 76. 111. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 86. 112. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 80. 113. Cf. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 93, 104–105, and more. 114. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 100. 115. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 101. 116. Schroeckh, Martin Luther , 89...

Martin Luther's Practice of Old Testament Commentary  

John A. Maxfield

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...n in LW 47:123–136; the treatise itself is found at LW 47:137–306; WA 53:417–552. On the reception of Luther’s “Jewish Writings” in his time and later see especially Johannes Wallmann , “The Reception of Luther’s Writings on the Jews from the Reformation to the End of the 19th Century,” Lutheran Quarterly 1 (1987): 72–97. 27. The first English translation of this treatise was published in 1992 in Gerhard Falk , The Jew in Christian Society: Martin Luther’s Anti-Jewish “Von Schem Hamphoras,” Previously Unpublished in English, and Other Milestones in Church Doctrine...

Martin Luther on Grace  

Hans Wiersma

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...“German-dominated” interpretation of Luther. At the heart of this challenge lies the concern with the ultimate effect of grace upon sinners. This concern can be expressed in this question: Do Luther’s writings teach that the gift of the indwelling Holy Spirit of Christ makes sinners into “little Christs,” literally and ontologically? The two chapters by Simo Peura in Union with Christ handle many of the themes around grace, including the distinction between grace as divine favor and grace as divine gift. 50 Martin Luther’s Theology: A Contemporary Interpretation...

Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays  

Mark D. Tranvik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...Martin Luther’s Treatises and Essays The Treatises of Martin Luther As many scholars have noted, Martin Luther comes to us in a dizzying array of literary forms. His collected works include commentaries, catechetical writings, sermons, treatises and essays, letters, polemics, disputations, pamphlets, and hymns. 1 The sheer breadth of his work can lead to misconceptions about Luther as an author. Because he did not write a more systematic theology like Philip Melanchthon’s Loci Communes or John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion , it is tempting to suggest...

Martin Luther’s Understanding of Earlier Reformers  

Phillip N. Haberkern

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

..., “Luther and the Late Medieval Augustinians: Another Look,” Concordia Theological Monthly 44 (1973): 245–260; and Volker Leppin , “Luther’s Transformation of Medieval Thought: Continuity and Discontinuity,” in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology , eds. L. Batka et al. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 115–124. 13. On these potential influences, see Erik Herrmann, “Luther’s Absorption of Medieval Biblical Interpretation,” and Volker Leppin, “Luther’s Roots in Monastic-Mystical Piety,” both in The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology...

Martin Luther on the Church and Its Ministry  

Cheryl M. Peterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

... Martin Luther on the Church and Its Ministry Luther’s Understanding of the Church Apart from the fact that Luther never wrote a comprehensive treatise on the doctrine of the church, scholars have long pointed out the difficulty inherent in any study of Luther’s ecclesiology, that is, the apparent inconsistencies in his various ecclesiological writings, especially regarding the nature of the church. In some he emphasized the “invisible” or hidden nature of the church as an assembly of hearts in faith, 1 leading Hermann Preus to propose that Luther “only...

Martin Luther in the Age of Confessionalization  

Jens Wolff

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion

...unique significance of Luther’s work as reformer. At the same time it was also a way to celebrate their own connection to Luther, which often became a question of power. The transformation of Luther’s person and work through the jubilees is its own field of research: the memorial culture began in the 16th century . Martin Rinckart’s above-mentioned Reformation drama, which was published four years before the jubilee, also belongs in this context. Rinckart ( 1586–1649 ) puts Luther in the center of the struggle as a confessionalist theologian. Luther is a Christian knight...

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