The Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Education and Psychology are now available via subscription. Read more about the ORE project or learn how to subscribe.

Dismiss

You are looking at  1-20 of 206 articles

  • Climate Science x

View:

Adaptation to Current and Future Climate in Pastoral Communities Across Africa  

Edna Wangui

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Pastoralists around the world are exposed to climate change and increasing climate variability. Various downscaled regional climate models in Africa support community reports of rising ... More

Adaptive Governance  

Ronald D. Brunner and Amanda H. Lynch

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Adaptive governance is defined by a focus on decentralized decision-making structures and procedurally rational policy, supported by intensive natural and social science. Decentralized ... More

Aerosols and Climate  

Bjørn H. Samset

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Among the factors that affect the climate, few are as diverse and challenging to understand as aerosols. Minute particles suspended in the atmosphere, aerosols are emitted through a wide ... More

Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication  

Anthony Leiserowitz and Nicholas Smith

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Affective imagery, or connotative meanings, play an important role in shaping public risk perceptions, policy support, and broader responses to climate change. These simple “top-of-mind” ... More

Agenda Building, Narratives, and Attention Cycles in Climate Change News Coverage  

James Shanahan

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Social scientists and media critics have often been befuddled about how and why news coverage of important issues takes the shapes that it does. While some issues seem to behave according ... More

Agricultural Extension and Climate Change Communication  

Linda S. Prokopy, Wendy-Lin Bartels, Gary Burniske, and Rebecca Power

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Agricultural extension has evolved over the last 200 years from a system of top-down dissemination of information from experts to farmers to a more complex system, in which a diversity of ... More

The Arts and Humanities in Climate Change Engagement  

Julia B. Corbett and Brett Clark

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
The communication strategy of simply sharing more scientific information has not effectively engaged and connected people to climate change in ways that facilitate understanding and ... More

Atmospheric Blocking in Observation and Models  

Stefano Tibaldi and Franco Molteni

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
The atmospheric circulation in the mid-latitudes of both hemispheres is usually dominated by westerly winds and by planetary-scale and shorter-scale synoptic waves, moving mostly from west ... More

Audience Segmentation and Climate Change Communication  

Donald W. Hine, Wendy J. Phillips, Aaron B. Driver, and Mark Morrison

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Scientists and policy makers face significant challenges when attempting to engage the public about climate change. An important first step is to understand the number and nature of the ... More

Celebrities and Climate Change  

Julie Doyle, Nathan Farrell, and Michael K. Goodman

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Since the mid-2000s, entertainment celebrities have played increasingly prominent roles in the cultural politics of climate change, ranging from high-profile speeches at UN climate ... More

Changes in African Glaciers since the 19th Century  

Stefan Hastenrath

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
In equatorial East Africa, glaciers still exist on Mount Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Ruwenzori. The decreasing ice extent has been documented by field reports since the end of the 19th century ... More

Changes in Precipitation Over Southern Africa During Recent Centuries  

David Nash

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Precipitation levels in southern Africa exhibit a marked east–west gradient and are characterized by strong seasonality and high interannual variability. Much of the mainland south of 15°S ... More

Changes in Precipitation Over West Africa During Recent Centuries  

Stefan Norrgård

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Water, not temperature, governs life in West Africa, and the region is both temporally and spatially greatly affected by rainfall variability. Recent rainfall anomalies, for example, have ... More

Climate and Health across Africa  

Benjamin F. Zaitchik

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Humans have understood the importance of climate to human health since ancient times. In some cases, the connections appear to be obvious: a flood can cause drownings, a drought can lead ... More

Climate and Simulation  

Gabriele Gramelsberger

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Climate and simulation have become interwoven concepts during the past decades because, on the one hand, climate scientists shouldn’t experiment with real climate and, on the other hand, ... More

Climate Change Adaptation  

Philipp Schmidt-Thomé

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Climate change adaptation is the ability of a society or a natural system to adjust to the (changing) conditions that support life in a certain climate region, including weather extremes ... More

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Local Governments in Japan  

Kenshi Baba, Masahiro Matsuura, Taiko Kudo, Shigeru Watanabe, Shun Kawakubo, Akiko Chujo, Hiroharu Tanaka, and Mitsuru Tanaka

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
The latest climate change adaptation strategies adopted by local governments in Japan are discussed. A nationwide survey demonstrates several significant findings. While some prefectures ... More

Climate Change and Carbon Cycle Feedbacks  

Pierre Friedlingstein

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Climate and carbon cycle are tightly coupled on many time scales, from the interannual to the multimillennial. Observation always shows a positive feedback between climate and the carbon ... More

Climate Change and Geopolitics  

Simon Dalby

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
Historic discussions of climate often suggested that it caused societies to have certain qualities. In the 19th-century, imperial representations of the world environment frequently ... More

Climate Change and Migration  

Silja Klepp

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Climate Science
The topic of climate change and migration attracts a strong following from the media and produces an increase in academic literature and reports from international governmental ... More

View: