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Abortion in American Film since 2001  

Fran Bigman

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
In American cinema from 1916 to 2000, two main archetypes emerge in portrayals of women seeking abortion: prima donnas and martyrs/victims. While the prima donna category faded over the ... More

A Critical Introduction to Arts Behind Bars  

Aylwyn Walsh

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
This article proposes a focus on some of the arguments in the field—what is “arts behind bars”? What are some of the intentions, and why would people do it? It also signals the range of ... More

A Genre Study of Prosecutors and Criminal Defense Lawyers in American Movies and Television  

Michael Asimow

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
The term genre refers to a set of thematically or stylistically similar popular cultural texts. Courtroom narratives form both movie and television genres, and criminal trials form ... More

Alternatives to Incarceration  

Faye S. Taxman and Alex Breno

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Alternatives to incarceration are more than options, they have evolved into sentences of their own accord. Originally, probation and prison were the two major sentences; however, the ... More

American Lawyer and Courtroom Comedies  

David Ray Papke

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
A large amount of American law-related popular culture is comedic. Inexpensive literature, Hollywood movies, and prime-time series routinely include images of amusing lawyers and accounts ... More

American Trial Films and the Popular Culture of Law  

Jessica Silbey

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
The American trial and American cinema share certain epistemological tendencies. Both stake claims to an authoritative form of knowledge based on the indubitable quality of observable ... More

A Review of the Validity of Juvenile Risk Assessment Across Race/Ethnicity  

Christina Campbell and William Miller

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Juvenile risk assessment instruments have provided juvenile courts with the opportunity to make standardized decisions concerning sentences and intervention needs. Risk assessments have ... More

Fakes and Forgeries in Art, and the More Specific Term “Art Fraud”: A Criminological Perspective  

Kenneth Polk

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Fakes and forgeries are topics of frequent and agitated discussion in the art world. For criminologists, this interests shifts to art fraud because of its fit with issues of non-authentic ... More

Bank Robbery in Popular Culture  

Chad Posick

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Bank robbery is an uncommon, but highly fascinating, type of crime. The media often focus on bank robberies, especially if an event was violent or involved weapons. However, data show that ... More

Big Data and the Study of Communities and Crime  

Daniel T. O'Brien

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
In recent years, a variety of novel digital data sources, colloquially referred to as “big data,” have taken the popular imagination by storm. These data sources include, but are not ... More

Big Data and Visuality  

Janet Chan

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Internet and telecommunications, ubiquitous sensing devices, and advances in data storage and analytic capacities have heralded the age of Big Data, where the volume, velocity, and variety ... More

Biplanes, Satellites, and Drones: A High Resolution History of Eyes in the Sky  

Arthur Holland Michel

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
As we find ourselves bearing witness—even in our own backyards—to what is increasingly being referred to as the “drone revolution,” it might be a good time to turn our attention back in ... More

Campus Policing  

Kenneth J. Peak

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Since 9/11 and the burgeoning number of mass shootings across the United States (one of the more recent such tragedies, at a Parkland, Florida high school in February 2018, resulted in 17 ... More

Capital Punishment, Closure, and Media  

Jody Madeira

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
In contemporary society, “closure” refers to “end to a traumatic event or an emotional process” (Berns, 2011, pp. 18–19)—and, in the more specific context of capital punishment, ... More

Car Crimes and the Cultural Imagination  

Thalia Anthony and Kieran Tranter

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
The car and crime become entrenched in the cultural imagination with the widely circulated images of the bullet-hole-ravaged Ford V8 that Bonnie (Parker) and Clyde (Barrow) were in when ... More

Clergy Sexual Abuse and the Media  

Karen J. Terry

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Media attention on child sexual abuse within the Catholic Church led to awareness of a serious social problem and increased the levels of disclosure of abuse. The three “emergencies of ... More

Collateral Sanctions  

Alec C. Ewald

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Collateral sanctions are legal restrictions on the rights and privileges of people who have experienced contact with the criminal justice system, particularly contact resulting in ... More

Consumer Fraud  

Shanna R. Van Slyke and Leslie A. Corbo

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Consumer fraud is the intentional deception of one or more individuals with the promise of goods, services, or other financial benefits that either never existed, were never going to be ... More

Content Analysis in the Study of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture  

Lisa A. Kort-Butler

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Content analysis is considered both a quantitative and a qualitative research method. The overarching goal of much of the research using this method is to demonstrate and understand how ... More

Control Balance Theory  

Charles R. Tittle

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Control balance theory (CBT) was developed in the mid-1990s, primarily to illustrate a particular method for building integrated theory and to show how general theories are useful in ... More

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