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Auditory Hair Cells and Sensory Transduction  

Jeffrey R. Holt and Gwenaëlle S.G. Géléoc

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
The organs of the vertebrate inner ear respond to a variety of mechanical stimuli: semicircular canals are sensitive to angular velocity, the saccule and utricle respond to linear ... More

Auditory Processing in the Aging Brain  

Gregg Recanzone

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Age-related hearing loss affects over half of the elderly population, yet it remains poorly understood. Natural aging can cause the input to the brain from the cochlea to be progressively ... More

Behavioral Neuroendocrinology of Female Aggression  

Natalia Duque-Wilckens and Brian C. Trainor

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Aggressive behavior plays an essential role in survival and reproduction across animal species—it has been observed in insects, fish, reptiles, and mammals including humans. Even though ... More

Biosonar and Sound Localization in Dolphins  

Paul E. Nachtigall

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Toothed whales and dolphins, odontocete cetaceans, produce very loud biosonar sounds in order to navigate and to locate and catch their prey of fish and squid. Underwater biosonar was not ... More

Caenorhabditis elegans Feeding Behaviors  

Nicolas Dallière, Lindy Holden-Dye, James Dillon, Vincent O'Connor, and Robert J. Walker

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
The microscopic free-living nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans was the first metazoan to have its genome sequenced and for many decades has served as a genetically tractable model for ... More

Central Mechanisms Regulating Coordinated Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function  

Roger Dampney

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
In response to changes in metabolic demand, the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are regulated in a highly coordinated fashion, such that both ventilation and cardiac output increase ... More

Cephalopod Olfaction  

Anna Di Cosmo and Gianluca Polese

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Within the Phylum Mollusca, cephalopods encompass a small and complex group of exclusively marine animals that live in all the oceans of the world with the exception of the Black and ... More

Cortical Processing of Odorants  

Yaniv Cohen, Emmanuelle Courtiol, Regina M. Sullivan, and Donald A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Odorants, inhaled through the nose or exhaled from the mouth through the nose, bind to receptors on olfactory sensory neurons. Olfactory sensory neurons project in a highly stereotyped ... More

Crayfish Escape  

Donald Edwards

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Crayfish are decapod crustaceans that use different forms of escape to flee from different types of predatory attacks. Lateral and Medial Giant escapes are released by giant interneurons ... More

Crustacean Olfaction  

Charles Derby and Manfred Schmidt

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Neuroscience
Olfaction is a chemical sense present not only in mammals, insects, and other terrestrial animals, but also in crustaceans, most of which are aquatic. Crustaceans use olfaction for ... More

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