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Outcome Measures in Human Services  

Jennifer L. Magnabosco

Throughout history, measuring outcomes has been a goal and priority in the human services. This entry chronicles the history of outcomes measurement in the human services in the United ... More

Practice Cybernetics  

J. Christopher Hall

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This article presents a history and overview of first- and second-order cybernetics and the ways in which the theories inform models of social work practice. A foundational understanding ... More

Practice Interventions and Research  

Nabila El-Bassel

Social work is distinguishable from other disciplines by its emphasis on producing change that affects clients and their environment. This emphasis has influenced the nature of social work ... More

Program Implementation Frameworks  

Rosalyn M. Bertram

This entry presents frameworks for implementing effective services. When service organizations understand and work through implementation frameworks, programs can achieve targeted fidelity ... More

Psychometrics  

Bill Nugent

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Measurement is a fundamentally important component of social work research. This entry briefly covers two important notions in psychometrics: reliability and validity. Reliability concerns ... More

Qualitative Research  

Deborah K. Padgett

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The term qualitative methods is relatively new. There is no single definition, although they share features in common, that is, flexibility, holism, naturalism, and insider perspectives. ... More

Quality of Care  

Enola Proctor and J. Curtis McMillen

Assessing and improving the quality of social services is one of the most pressing concerns for social work practice and research. Practice in nearly every setting is affected by ... More

Quantitative Research  

Shenyang Guo

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry describes the definition, history, theories, and applications of quantitative methods in social work research. Unlike qualitative research, quantitative research emphasizes ... More

Randomized Control Trials  

Phyllis Solomon

Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This entry defines Randomized Control Trials (RCTs) and puts them in an historical context. It provides an understanding of the distinction between efficacy and effectiveness RCTs and ... More

Research: Overview  

Tony Tripodi and Marina Lalayants

This entry reviews the state of social work research from the appearance of the social work research overview in the previous encyclopedia to the early 2010s. Social work research is ... More

Research: History of Research  

Joan Levy Zlotnik

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
An important attribute of a profession is the systematic study of its practices, to continually advance its service modalities. Throughout its history the social work profession has ... More

Scales and Indices  

Kevin Corcoran

This entry reviews the uses of scales and instruments in social work practice, including scales and instruments for diagnosis and evidencing treatment necessity, as methods for monitoring ... More

Single-System Designs  

Joel Fischer and John G. Orme

Single-system designs (SSDs) are a family of user-friendly empirical procedures that can be used to help professionals to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the services they ... More

Social Impact Assessment  

Paula T. Morelli and Jon Kei Matsuoka

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social impact assessment (SIA) is the process of analyzing (predicting, evaluating and reflecting) and managing the intended and unintended consequences on the human environment of planned ... More

Social Work and Coercion  

Tomi Gomory and Daniel Dunleavy

Social work is perhaps most distinctive for its clear and outspoken commitment toward improving the well-being of society’s vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, while still emphasizing the ... More

Social Work Education: Doctoral  

James E. Lubben

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work doctoral education in the U.S. commenced almost 100 years ago. Although initial growth was slow, the number of universities offering doctoral degrees in social work has rapidly ... More

Social Work Education: Research  

David E. Biegel and Susan Yoon

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Research education at the bachelor’s and master’s levels has attempted to address concerns related to students’ purported lack of interest in research courses and graduates’ failure to ... More

Social Work Education and Regulation in Australia  

Karen Healy

This article provides an overview and analysis of social work education and professional standards in Australia. The professional education and practice standards are set and monitored by ... More

Social Work Profession: Workforce  

Toby Weismiller and Tracy Whitaker

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
A profession’s ability to identify and predict its workforce capacity depends largely upon its understanding of labor-market trends and emerging service-delivery systems. Concerns about ... More

Supervision  

Lawrence Shulman

Supervision of students and practitioners has been important to social work since its earliest evolution as a recognized profession. Central to the process is the idea of one professional ... More

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