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Adolescent Brain Development  

Jessica M. Black

Although it was once widely held that development through toddlerhood was the only significant time of tremendous brain growth, findings from neuroscience have identified adolescence as a ... More

Adolescent Populations: An Overview of Issues and Social Problems  

Todd Michael Franke and Diane de Anda

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry begins with a presentation of demographic data from the U.S. Census 2010 on the adolescent population 12 to 19 years by age, gender, and ethnicity. A summary of the information ... More

Adolescents: Practice Interventions  

David L. Hussey

This chapter summarizes literature and research related to advances in direct practice work with adolescents. Social workers are on the forefront of developing and utilizing a variety of ... More

Adolescents: Pregnancy  

Kathleen A. Rounds and Traci L. Wike

Although rates of adolescent pregnancy have exhibited a downward trend since 1991, the United States continues to have a significantly higher rate than other industrialized nations. ... More

Adolescents: A Historical Overview of Developmental Theories  

Diane de Anda

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This article begins with an overview of biological development based upon empirical research. The main focus of the article is the presentation of the major theoretical frameworks that ... More

Adoption: Intercountry  

Karen Smith Rotabi

The practice of intercountry adoption is considered from a historical framework, beginning with World War II to other conflicts and the global dynamics of child circulation for adoption. ... More

Adoption: Lesbian and Gay Adoptive Parents  

Abbie E. Goldberg and April Moyer

Online publication date:
Feb 2014
Adoption by lesbian and gay parents is becomingly increasingly common. This entry presents an overview of the limited research that has focused on lesbian and gay adoptive parents. ... More

African Americans: Practice Interventions  

Sharon E. Moore

African Americans number about 35 million or 12% of the U.S. population. Their life expectancy is lower than that of White Americans, and despite the educational gains made since ... More

Alternative Education  

Cynthia Franklin, Linda Webb, and Hannah Szlyk

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
This article will cover the current best practices in designing and establishing alternative programs for at-risk students and suggest how social workers can assist in program development ... More

Attachment Research, Developmental Implications, and Clinical Interventions with Children, Adults, and Couples  

Shoshana Ringel

Online publication date:
May 2015
This review summarizes contributions to attachment theory and research by John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth, Mary Main, and many other researchers. It addresses contributions from the Adult ... More

Autism and Suicide  

Oren Shtayermman

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
This article reviews the changes in the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM)-5. It reviews the risk factors associated with suicide in the ... More

Bullying in Youth  

Jonathan Singer and Karen Slovak

Bullying is the most common form of violence in schools and has been shown to disrupt the emotional and social development of both the targets and the perpetrators of bullying (Raskauskas ... More

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Susan J. Wells and Geoff Johnson

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The true extent of child abuse and neglect is unknown but reports to state agencies indicate over 3 million reports concerning maltreatment of over 6 million children are made each year. ... More

Child and Adolescent Mental-Health Disorders  

Susan Frauenholtz and Amy Mendenhall

Online publication date:
Feb 2014
Mental-health disorders are widely prevalent in children and adolescents, and social workers are the primary service providers for children and families experiencing these disorders. This ... More

Child Care Services  

Laura Lein

Child care services, enabling parents to commit themselves to paid employment while providing a supervised environment for their children, have a long and complex history in the United ... More

Child Labor  

Usha Nayar, Priya Nayar, and Nidhi Mishra

The paper presents a global scenario of child labor by placing the issue in a historical context as well as comparing current work in the field. It specifically explains the psychosocial, ... More

Children: Overview  

Dorinda N. Noble

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Children are interesting, resilient people, whose lives are often perilous. Social workers deal extensively with children and families, and with policies that affect children, to help ... More

Children: Practice Interventions  

Anthony N. Maluccio

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social work has a long tradition of direct practice with children in a range of settings, such as child welfare, child guidance, hospitals, schools, and neighborhood centers. This entry ... More

Children: Therapeutic Group Care  

James K. Whittaker

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This entry addresses the current state of therapeutic group care services for children and youth. Demographic programmatic trends and research findings are reviewed as are emergent issues ... More

Children: Health Care  

Barbara L. Jones and Casey Walsh

Despite rapid medical advances, children in this country still face significant barriers to adequate health care, including unequal access to insurance and health care. There is great need ... More

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