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Affordable Care Act  

Stephen H. Gorin, Julie S. Darnell, and Heidi L. Allen

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This entry describes the development and key provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which instituted a major overhaul of the U.S. health system, much of which ... More

Afrocentric Social Work  

Colita Nichols Fairfax

Afrocentric social work is a concept and praxis approach applicable in environmental and global settings where people of African descent are located. Using concept analysis as a ... More

Asset Building Toward Inclusive Policy  

Michael Sherraden, Lissa Johnson, Margaret M. Clancy, Sondra G. Beverly, Margaret Sherrard Sherraden, Mark Schreiner, William Elliot III, Trina R. Williams Shanks, Deborah Adams, Jami Curley, Jin Huang, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Yunju Nam, Min Zhan, and Chang-Keun Han

Since 1991, a new policy discussion has arisen in the United States and other countries, focusing on building assets as a complement to traditional social policy based on income. In fact, ... More

Asylum Seekers, Refugees, and Immigrants in the United States  

Miriam Potocky

This entry presents introductory information on asylum seekers, refugees, and immigrants in the United States, including distinctions among them, major regions of origin, demographic and ... More

Capacity Development and Building  

DeBrenna LaFa Agbényiga

As a profession, social workers must understand and work well within the realms of capacity development. This understanding is important because it provides a foundation for working at the ... More

Chaos Theory and Complexity Theory  

Keith Warren

Chaos theory and complexity theory, collectively known as nonlinear dynamics or dynamical systems theory, provide a mathematical framework for thinking about change over time. Chaos theory ... More

Child Labor  

Usha Nayar, Priya Nayar, and Nidhi Mishra

The paper presents a global scenario of child labor by placing the issue in a historical context as well as comparing current work in the field. It specifically explains the psychosocial, ... More

Citizen Participation  

Donna Hardina

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Citizen participation is a process through which people served by government and nonprofit organizations can provide input about how these services are offered. Citizen participation is ... More

Collaborative Practice  

Hal A. Lawson

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Social workers are uniquely prepared to provide leadership for collaborative practice, especially when they employ intervention logic. Intervention-driven collaboration develops ... More

Community: Overview  

Calvin L. Streeter

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
One of the hallmarks of social work is its recognition that people grow and mature in a social context. Communities are one of the many social systems that touch people's lives and shape ... More

Community: Practice Interventions  

Dorothy N. Gamble and Marie Weil

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Major social changes resulting from globalization, the increase in multicultural societies, and growing concerns for human rights, especially for women and girls, will affect all community ... More

Community-Based Participatory Research  

Sung Sil L. Sohng

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) embraces a partnership approach to research that equitably involves community members, organizational representatives, and researchers in all ... More

Community Building  

Sharon E. Milligan

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This article will cover the history, theory, and empirical and practical knowledge of community building. Social networks and social ties contribute to informal social control, while ... More

Community Development  

Alice K. Johnson Butterfield and Benson Chisanga

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Community development is a planned approach to improving the standard of living and well-being of disadvantaged populations in the United States and internationally. An overview of ... More

Community Economic Development  

Margaret Sherrard Sherraden and Lisa Reyes Mason

Community economic development (CED) is an integrated and community-driven approach to development aimed at generating wealth, capabilities, and empowerment in low-income and low-wealth ... More

Community Needs Assessment  

Elizabeth A. Mulroy

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Current approaches to community needs assessments should reflect the changing nature of communities themselves and new thinking relative to their assessment. First, geographically bounded ... More

Community Organization  

Jacqueline Mondros and Lee Staples

The authors review the history of community organization, both within and outside social work, describe the various sociological and social psychological theories that inform organizing ... More

Community Planning  

Elisheva Sadan

This entry discusses community planning in the context of community social work. Distinctions are made between community planning as a rational comprehensive process of the planning ... More

Community Violence  

Neil B. Guterman and Muhammad Haj-Yahia

Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Community violence represents a widespread concern receiving increasing attention by social workers. This article considers the problem of community violence and our present understanding ... More

Congressional Social Work Caucus  

Charles E. Lewis Jr.

Online publication date:
Nov 2013
The Congressional Social Work Caucus is a bicameral authorized Congressional Member Organization (CMO) founded by former Congressman Edolphus “Ed” Towns In November 2010 during the 110th ... More

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