Abstract and Keywords
Ecological concepts and principles enable social workers to keep a simultaneous focus on people and their environments and their reciprocal relationships, not only in direct practice with individuals, families and groups, but also in influencing organizations and communities and in policy practice. Ecological concepts emphasize the reciprocity of person:environment exchanges, in which each shapes and influences the other over time. Ecological concepts are reviewed.
Keywords: people:environment (P:E) fit, abuses of power, habitat and niche, life course (individual, historical, and social time), life stressor, stress and coping, resilience, adversarial growth, deep ecology, ecofeminism, life-modeled practice, naturalistic research, constructivist research, participatory action research
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