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Updated bibliography and citations to reflect recent research. The section "Identity-based Social Movements" has been updated to include the use of social media and digital technology.

Updated on 3 September 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 25 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Since the 19th century, social movements have provided U.S. social work with its intellectual and theoretical foundations and and furnished many of its leaders. Social workers were among the founders of the Progressive movement and have played important roles in the labor, feminist, civil rights, welfare rights, and peace movements for over a century. More recently, social workers have been active in New Social Movements (NSMs), that have focused on issues of identity, self-esteem, critical consciousness, and human rights, and in transnational movements, such as the Occupy movement, which have emerged in response to the consequences of economic globalization, environmental degradation, and major population shifts, including mass immigration.

Keywords: collective action, progressive movement, labor movement, populism, New Social Movements, resource mobilization theory, feminism, civil rights, pacifism, Socialism, Rank and File Movement

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