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Letter from the editor

Roman Libya at the Time of Septimius Severus (193–211 ce)

"In order to understand what role Libya played on the Roman geopolitical stage, as well as on its cultural and artistic stages, particularly at the time of the first African emperor, it is necessary to retrace the historical events behind the establishment of Roman power on the coasts of North Africa. ..." – By Denise Cali

Fire in African Landscapes

"Fire is a rapid chemical oxidative reaction that generates heat and light and produces a range of chemical products. It requires an ignition, suitable fuel to burn, and oxygen. Despite the wide availability of these necessary factors in the absence of humans, and clear evidence that fires had been burning vegetation for a hundred million years before the evolution of vertebrate herbivores, it has long been the prejudice of Northern Hemisphere ecologists that fire is essentially an anthropogenic “disturbance” of natural ecosystems. ..." – by Simon Pooley

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In November 2021, 115 new full articles, 23 revised articles, and 1 new summary article across 22 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

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