Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History

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Letter from the editor

Gender and the Study of Slavery and the Slave Trades in Africa

"Indigenous societies in Africa made use of slave labor and traded in captives. Slavery was one of many forms of dependency and an effective means of controlling people alongside serfdom, clientage, wage labor, and pawnship..." – By Vanessa S. Oliveira

Middle Passage

"The term “Middle Passage” invokes the unparalleled experience of dispossession, suffering, community, and resistance associated with the global and globalizing history of forced African transportation..." – By Anita Rupprecht

What's New to the OREs

In February 2024, 52 full new articles, 6 revised, and 3 summary articles, spread across 19 subjects, have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform.

Find out more about the newest discipline to be added: the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Food Studies.

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On January 30, after a successful free period during development, the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics has been made available via subscription and perpetual access to libraries and institutions worldwide.

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