Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History
- Learn more about our Editorial Board.
- Browse the growing collection of articles, overviews and key subject works.
- Discover forthcoming articles in the ORE of African History.
- Have questions about how to use the redesigned website? Check out our What's Changed.
"Many of the most well-known South African photographers, such as Ernest Cole, Bob Gosani Peter Magubane, and Jürgen Schadeberg, worked for Drum magazine in the 1950s, where their images conveyed the experiences of Black people living in cities in the first years of apartheid. Photographers chronicled the Defiance Campaign, the violence of the police, and the growing resistance movements. ..." – By Kylie Thomas
"The expansion of “histories with animals included” to “animal histories” was intended to challenge the instrumentalization of animals. Animals, as Marx said of humans, “make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances.” This is particularly true in the age of the Anthropocene. ..." – by Sandra Swart
In May 2021, 173 new and 5 revised articles across 22 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform.
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Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.