Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History
- Learn more about our Editorial Board.
- Browse the growing collection of articles, overviews and key subject works.
- Discover forthcoming articles in the ORE of African History.
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"Forced labor was central to the modern history of the Portuguese empire. It was widely imposed across Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé, and Guinea after the imposition of Portuguese colonial rule in the late 19th century and persisted within the Portuguese empire for decades after it had been abolished by other European powers. The brutal violence and far-reaching social disruption created by forced labor had a profound impact on colonized communities..." – By Zachary Kagan Guthrie
"Chinua Achebe, acclaimed as the “father of modern African literature,” came to canonical prominence thanks to the seismic impact of his first novel, Things Fall Apart (1958)—the best-known work of African literature in the world—and his indictment of colonial discourse in the seminal essay “An Image of Africa: Racism in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness,” originally delivered as a lecture at the University of Massachusetts in 1974..." – by Terri Ochiagha
In June 2022, 79 new full articles and 5 revised articles across 23 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.
On April 20, the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Global Public Health will be available via subscription and perpetual access. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.
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