Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History
- Learn more about our Editorial Board.
- Browse the growing collection of articles, overviews and key subject works.
- Discover forthcoming articles in the ORE of African History.
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"Within these overlapping indigenous religious cosmologies, feminine images of the divine abound, in the form of creator deities, nature spirits, and ancestors. Sometimes female and male deities exist autonomously within a larger pantheon and at other times they are conceived relationally either as romantic lovers, foils of one another, or complementary forms of the same essence. ..." – By Erin Nourse
"These precolonial trade networks were unconstrained by the artificial borders that colonial administrations would create in the late 19th century, and thus flowed across modern-day Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Mozambique, and the Congo. Wajiji boatmen and Wanyamwezi porters in western and central Tanzania served as vital middlemen linking local and regional trade networks in Central-East Africa that centered on the exchange of staples, such as dried fish, salt, palm oils, copper, and iron. ..." – by Katie Valliere Streit
In December 2020, more than 130 new and revised articles have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.
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