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Berbers and the Nation-State in North Africa  

Bruce Maddy-Weitzman

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
North Africa and the Gulf, Political History
Throughout history, North Africa’s native Berber-speaking populations have been central to the mix of political, social, cultural, and linguistic attributes that rendered the region ... More

Bibi Titi Mohamed  

Chambi Chachage and Jacqueline Mgumia

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Women’s History
African women were at the forefront of nationalistic struggles for independence in Africa that were at their height in the 1950s. In mainland Tanzania, then known as Tanganyika, Bibi Titi ... More

Bodily Ways of Knowing: Anthropological and Historical Approaches to Affect and the Senses  

Kathryn Linn Geurts

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Historiography and Methods, Women’s History
For centuries, European and Global North observers of non-Western societies have been fascinated by African bodily expressivity and power. Artistic and ritual displays of bodily ways of ... More

Boko Haram: History and Context  

Hilary Matfess

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Political History, Religious History, West Africa
Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, better known as “Boko Haram,” is the most violent phenomenon of the Nigerian Fourth Republic. It is responsible not only for a regional food ... More

Business Records as Sources for African History  

Dmitri van den Bersselaar

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Business records are documents routinely produced by employees and management of commercial businesses. They may be part of internal processes or produced to communicate with stakeholders ... More

The Cameroon Grassfield States in the Broader History of Nigeria and Cameroon  

Mark Dike DeLancey

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Central Africa
The Grassfields constitutes a dynamic area covering primarily the Northwest and West regions of Cameroon. Considered by many to be the birthplace of the Bantu languages and a primary source ... More

Cannabis and Tobacco in Precolonial and Colonial Africa  

Chris S. Duvall

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Cultural History, Economic History, Medical History
Cannabis and tobacco have longstanding roles in African societies. Despite botanical and pharmacological dissimilarities, it is worthwhile to consider tobacco and cannabis together because ... More

Central Africa and the Atlantic World  

Roquinaldo Ferreira

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Central Africa became deeply intertwined in the Atlantic world with the arrival of the Portuguese in 1482, which opened up a new world of connections between African societies and European ... More

Ceramics, Foodways, and Consumption: Methods  

Liza Gijanto

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Archaeology, Historiography and Methods
Analysis of ceramics in archaeological contexts has provided a range of information regarding African history. Archaeologists have approached ceramics as a craft as well as an indicator of ... More

Christian History and Historiography  

Joel Cabrita

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Historiography and Methods, Religious History
Christian presence in Africa has a long and varied history. African congregations represented some of the world’s earliest churches, with lively Coptic and Orthodox communities in both ... More

Christian Missions and the State in 19th and 20th Century Angola and Mozambique  

Teresa Cruz e Silva

Online publication date:
May 2017
Christian missionary work in Angola and Mozambique during the colonial and postcolonial eras was shaped by a complex of factors related to religion, education, and politics. Missionaries’ ... More

Climate Change and Society in Southern African History  

Matthew Hannaford

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Southern Africa
Climate has emerged as one of a number of themes in debates concerning the formation and disaggregation of African state structures before the colonial era. The proliferation of ... More

Cocoa and Child Slavery in West Africa  

Michael Odijie

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Slavery and Slave Trade, West Africa
The ongoing scholarship on child slavery in cocoa farming in West Africa is examined by illustrating major developments in the field. Slavery was a mainstay of the labor force in early West ... More

Colonial History and Historiography  

Marie-Albane de Suremain

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The colonial condition in Africa has been revisited by all of the main historiographic currents of thought, from a heroizing, highly political and military history of colonization primarily ... More

Communism in South Africa  

Irina Filatova

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Political History, Social History, Southern Africa
The history of communism in South Africa began with the formation in 1921 of the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA). The party was entirely white, as was the majority of organized ... More

Community-Based Approaches to African History  

Peter R. Schmidt and Kathryn Weedman Arthur

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Several trends in the historical scholarship of Africa require recognition and remediation. The first is a quickly shrinking interest in African history of the past two millennia, with a ... More

Congo in the Americas and Brazil  

Marina Souza

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Central Africa
In the late 15th century, the coast of West-Central Africa was integrated into Atlantic trading circuits due to the actions of Portuguese navigators and traders, supported by the Crown and ... More

Cory Library for Humanities Research  

Jeff Peires

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Historiography and Methods, Intellectual History
Cory Library in Makhanda (Grahamstown), South Africa, was established on the basis of historical papers bequeathed by Sir George Cory, a professor of chemistry and enthusiastic amateur ... More

Culture and Society at the Cape of Good Hope, 1652–1795  

Gerald Groenewald

In 1652 the Dutch East India Company founded a “refreshment station” in Table Bay on the southwestern coast of Africa for its fleets to and from the East Indies. Within a few years, this ... More

The Dakar School of African History  

Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The Dakar School, as the historians of Cheikh Anta Diop University (the University of Dakar) were called, had a brief French antecedent in Yves Person, whose teachings communicated to ... More

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