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Ujamaa  

Michael Jennings

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The idea of Ujamaa emerged from the writing and speeches of Tanzania’s first president, Julius K Nyerere, from the late 1950s and into the 1960s. Usually translated as “familyhood,” it was ... More

Urbanization in East Africa, circa 900–2010 CE  

Andrew Burton

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
East Africa’s urban past is broken down into five historical periods. The first (c. 900–1500 ce) saw the emergence of an urban Swahili culture on the East African coast that flourished ... More

Urban Society in Colonial Sudan  

Ahmad Alawad Sikainga

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
As in the rest of Africa, the establishment of colonial rule has accelerated the pace of urban growth in the Sudan. During the period of British colonial rule (1898–1956), a number of new ... More

Uwilingiyimana, Agathe  

Jennie Burnet

Agathe Uwilingiyimana was the first woman prime minister of Rwanda and only the second woman prime minister on the African continent. A Hutu from southern Rwanda, she was among the first ... More

Water Management in East Africa  

Matthew V. Bender

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
East Africa is among the most environmentally diverse regions of the continent, and this diversity is reflected in its hydrology. The steppe plains, home to much of the region’s great ... More

West African Cinema  

John C. McCall

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Motion picture technology developed at the dawn of the 20th century, just as the formal colonization of Africa was launched at the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885. While it took a few ... More

West African Manuscripts in Arabic and African Languages and Digital Preservation  

Fallou Ngom

West African manuscripts are numerous and varied in forms and contents. There are thousands of them across West Africa. A significant portion of them are documents written in Arabic and ... More

Witchcraft in Africa: Political Power and Spiritual Insecurity from the Precolonial Era to the Present  

Sean Redding

Historically, witchcraft in Africa has not comprised a stable or uniform set of beliefs. The idea of witchcraft, which might loosely be defined as the belief that people exist who use ... More

Women and Apartheid  

Meghan Healy-Clancy

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Apartheid, the system of racial and ethnic separation introduced in South Africa in 1948, was a gendered project. The immediate goal of the white Afrikaner men who led the apartheid state ... More

Women and Pan-Africanism  

Hakim Adi

Online publication date:
May 2019
Women played a central role in the development of Pan-Africanism. It can even be claimed that it was a woman, the South African Alice Kinloch, who initiated the modern Pan-African movement ... More

Women and Politics in Africa  

Aili Marie Tripp

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
While women were never fully equal to men in the political sphere, women in precolonial Africa governed kingdoms, established cities, launched military conquests, and founded states. Some ... More

Women and Post-Independence African Politics  

Gretchen Bauer, Akosua Darkwah, and Donna Patterson

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Building upon their participation in anti-colonial struggles across Africa in the mid-20th century, African women have taken on many political roles in the post-independence period. While ... More

Women and Violence in Africa  

Peace A. Medie

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Violence, in all of its forms, touches girls and women’s lives in Africa. While there is evidence that girls and women do participate in violence, research has shown that a significant ... More

Women in Angola  

Mariana P. Candido

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
European colonial powers established the contemporary boundaries of Angola during the Conference of Berlin (1884–1885). However, colonialism dates to the 15th century, when Portuguese ... More

Women in Benin  

Jessica Catherine Reuther

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The modern-day Republic of Benin in West Africa was historically a patchwork of precolonial kingdoms and acephalous zones. In the 17th century, the kingdom of Dahomey formed in the south ... More

Women in Central African History  

Gertrude Mianda

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This examination of the history of women’s situation in Central Africa from the late colonial period of the 19th to the early 21st century sheds light on women’s experiences by ... More

Women in Guinea-Bissau  

Joanna Davidson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Guinea-Bissau, a small West African country, is home to a multiplicity of ethnic and religious groups with complicated historical entanglements along the Upper Guinea Coast and across ... More

Women In Liberia  

Mary H. Moran

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Liberia is a small country on the west coast of Africa, lying within the monsoon tropical forest belt and recording some of the highest annual precipitation rates of any place on earth. ... More

Women in Modern Egypt  

Hoda Elsadda

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Women in Egypt have always played key roles in society in different historical eras. In the modern period, women were at the forefront of the modernization project that gained momentum at ... More

Women in Namibia  

Heike Becker

Online publication date:
May 2019
Women have had a significant role throughout Namibian history. Prior to colonization men were generally dominant, but certain women of high rank attained powerful positions. Namibian ... More

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