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Women and Development  

Michael Kevane

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Development is a process that transforms societies. Despite considerable variation across world regions and over time, one commonality of development has been that the initial phase, from ... More

Women and Genocide in Africa  

Erin Jessee

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Genocide, defined in international law as killings and related mass atrocities that are committed “with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious ... More

Women and Migration  

Lesley Nicole Braun

African women’s experiences of migration and transregional movements have long been eclipsed by men’s histories of travel and journeying. However, this certainly does not mean that women ... More

Women and Pan-Africanism  

Hakim Adi

Online publication date:
May 2019
Women played a central role in the development of Pan-Africanism. It can even be claimed that it was a woman, the South African Alice Kinloch, who initiated the modern Pan-African movement ... More

Women and Politics in Africa  

Aili Marie Tripp

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
While women were never fully equal to men in the political sphere, women in precolonial Africa governed kingdoms, established cities, launched military conquests, and founded states. Some ... More

Women and Post-Independence African Politics  

Gretchen Bauer, Akosua Darkwah, and Donna Patterson

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Building upon their participation in anti-colonial struggles across Africa in the mid-20th century, African women have taken on many political roles in the post-independence period. While ... More

Women and Slavery in Africa  

Mariana P. Candido

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Kidnapping, warfare, seizure, and enslavement were gendered experiences in the sense that men, women, and children did not necessarily face the same process. Each enslaved woman and man was ... More

Women and Violence in Africa  

Peace A. Medie

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Violence, in all of its forms, touches girls and women’s lives in Africa. While there is evidence that girls and women do participate in violence, research has shown that a significant ... More

Women, Gender, and Sexuality in East Africa  

Miroslava Prazak

Online publication date:
May 2020
The sty of women in East Africa did not begin until the 1970s and 1980s. Knowledge of times past comes from colonial records, filtered through the lenses of late Victorian-era men and from ... More

Women in Angola  

Mariana P. Candido

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
European colonial powers established the contemporary boundaries of Angola during the Conference of Berlin (1884–1885). However, colonialism dates to the 15th century, when Portuguese ... More

Women in Associations and Organizations  

Alice Kang

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Associations and organizations are groups of individuals who form a body to achieve an aim. Women’s leadership and membership in associations constitute a vital part of Africa’s economic, ... More

Women in Benin  

Jessica Catherine Reuther

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The modern-day Republic of Benin in West Africa was historically a patchwork of precolonial kingdoms and acephalous zones. In the 17th century, the kingdom of Dahomey formed in the south ... More

Women in Burundi  

Marie Saiget

Online publication date:
May 2020
The history of women is characterized by nonlinear and gendered social, political and economic processes. In particular, the history of Burundian women’s collective actions has been ... More

Women in Cape Verde  

Elizabeth Challinor

Cape Verde is a transnational nation, situated off the coast of Senegal, formed out of the slave trade, and has such a long history of migration that it is widely believed that double the ... More

Women in Central African History  

Gertrude Mianda

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This examination of the history of women’s situation in Central Africa from the late colonial period of the 19th to the early 21st century sheds light on women’s experiences by highlighting ... More

Women in Comoros  

Sophie Blanchy

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The inhabitants of the Comoros archipelago, situated between the East African coast and the island of Madagascar, are Muslim and at the same time follow a matrilocal residence rule and, in ... More

Women in Equatorial Guinea  

Susana Castillo-Rodriguez and Alba Valenciano Mañé

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Women who live in the territories that today comprise the Republic of Equatorial Guinea experienced important material and social changes during pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial ... More

Women in Guinea-Bissau  

Joanna Davidson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Guinea-Bissau, a small West African country, is home to a multiplicity of ethnic and religious groups with complicated historical entanglements along the Upper Guinea Coast and across ... More

Women in Law and Justice  

Helen Dancer

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
African law and justice systems in the early 21st century are the result of over a thousand years of religious and cultural influences and political change on the continent. As customary ... More

Women in Lesotho  

Scott Rosenberg

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
During the pre-colonial period, women were valued for their productive and reproductive abilities. When women married, their parents received bohali (bridewealth) from the man’s family. ... More

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