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Rodrigues, Deolinda  

Margarida Paredes

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Deolinda Rodrigues is a prominent figure in the Angolan history of the Liberation Struggle. Her thought and life history are relatively unknown in and outside Angola. Reflection on her ... More

Saharan Peoples and Societies  

E. Ann McDougall

The Sahara: bridge or barrier? Today, most would answer that the desert was more a historical facilitator than hindrance in moving commodities, ideas, and people between North and ... More

The Sahel in West African History  

Barbara Cooper

The Sahel or Sahil is in a sense the “coast” of the Sahara and its cities major “ports” in trade circuits linking long-standing regional exchange in the products of different ecozones to ... More

Samuel Ajayi Crowther: African and Yoruba Missionary Bishop  

Andrew Barnes

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Samuel Ajayi Crowther was a Church Missionary Society (CMS) missionary bishop charged with evangelizing the territories that became modern Nigeria. Over the last decades of the 19th ... More

Scientific Dating Methods in African Archaeology  

Vincent J. Hare and Emma Loftus

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The African archaeological record is particularly remarkable in that it covers timescales relevant to all human history and prehistory. Different dating techniques are therefore ... More

Sex Work/Prostitution in Africa  

Chi Adanna Mgbako

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Sex work, the exchange of sexual services for financial or other reward between consenting adults, has existed in Africa in varying forms from precolonial to modern times (with a ... More

Slavery at the Cape  

Nigel Worden

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Slavery was a mainstay of the labor force of the Cape Colony between its foundation by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1652 and abolition in 1834, by which date the Cape was under ... More

Slavery in the South African Interior During the 19th Century  

Fred Morton

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The South African interior, roughly equivalent to the Highveld on the southern continental plateau, was in the 19th century a stage of numerous players and groups, acting in concert and in ... More

The SOAS School of African History  

Shobana Shankar

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Founded in 1916, the School of African Studies at the University of London provided training in African, Asian, and Middle Eastern languages and history to colonial officers. Over more ... More

Socialist Politics in Lusophone Africa  

Michael G. Panzer

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
From the 1950s through the 1970s, several liberation movements emerged in Lusophone Africa (Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé and Príncipe, and the Cape Verde Islands) that ... More

The Soninke in Ancient West African History  

Kassim Kone

The Soninke are an ancient West African ethnicity that probably gave rise to the much larger group that is called the Mande of which the Soninke are part. The Soninke language belongs to ... More

South African Historical Writing to the End of the Apartheid Era  

Chris Saunders

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
While many of those who have written about South Africa have included reference to past events, it was only from the early 19th century that attempts were made to present a coherent ... More

South Africa’s African National Congress in Exile  

Colin Bundy

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The African National Congress (ANC) operated in exile for just over three decades, from 1960 to mid-1990. It developed from a flimsy and inexperienced “external mission” to an exiled ... More

Southern Africa before Colonial Times  

John Wright

Perspectives on southern Africa’s past in the eras before the establishment of European colonial rule have been heavily shaped by political conflicts rooted in South Africa’s history as a ... More

Southern Zambezia States and Indian Ocean Trade, 1450–1900  

Malyn Newitt

States that flourished in the area immediately south of the Zambesi River from the 15th to the 19th centuries were ruled by Karanga dynasties and were the cultural heirs of Great Zimbabwe. ... More

Sport History and Historiography  

Michelle Sikes

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Imperial expansion cast European sport, embedded with moral codes and social divisions, across Africa. The government, the church, schools, and the army encouraged colonized peoples to ... More

Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement  

Leslie Anne Hadfield

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The Black Consciousness movement of South Africa instigated a social, cultural, and political awakening in the country in the 1970s. By the mid-1960s, major anti-apartheid organizations in ... More

The Stone Age Archaeology of West Africa  

Eleanor Scerri

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
In the early 21st century, understanding West Africa’s Stone Age past has increasingly transcended its colonial legacy to become central to research on human origins. Part of this process ... More

Stone Tools: Their Relevance for Historians and the Study of Historical Processes  

Justin Pargeter

From at least 3.4 million years ago to historic periods, humans and their ancestors used stone as the raw material for tool production. Archeologists find stone tools on all the planet’s ... More

The Sudanese Communist Movement  

Yoshiko Kurita

Online publication date:
May 2019
Throughout the political history of Sudan, the presence of the Sudanese Communist Party (SCP, established in 1946) has been quite conspicuous. Often referred to (rather exaggeratedly) as ... More

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