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African Indigenous Religions  

Walter E.A. van Beek

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
There is not one African indigenous religion (AIR); rather, there are many, and they diverge widely. As a group, AIRs are quite different from the scriptural religions the world is more ... More

al-Nafzaouiya, Zaynab  

Hasna Lebbady and Hiam El Hilali

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Referred to as the best-known Amazigh malika (queen), Zaynab al-Nafzaouiya was centrally involved with the building of the Almoravid dynasty of Morocco and its empire in the 11th century. ... More

The Archaeology of the Swahili World  

Stephanie Wynne-Jones

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The east African coast and its offshore islands are home to the Swahili cultural tradition. This is a fascinating and long-lived urban tradition that has been synonymous with this coast for ... More

Ben M’rad, Bchira  

Lilia Labidi

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The Tunisian Bchira Ben M’rad (1913–1993), a feminist for some, a reformist for others, was a significant figure in Tunisia in the first half of the 20th century in the struggles for ... More

Bibi Titi Mohamed  

Chambi Chachage

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
African women were at the forefront of nationalistic struggles for independence in Africa that were at their height in the 1950s. In mainland Tanzania, then known as Tanganyika, Bibi Titi ... More

Congo in the Americas and Brazil  

Marina Souza

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
In the late 15th century, the coast of West-Central Africa was integrated into Atlantic trading circuits due to the actions of Portuguese navigators and traders, supported by the Crown and ... More

Education and Politics in Colonial French West Africa  

Kelly Duke Bryant

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Subject:
West Africa
Education was profoundly political in colonial French West Africa (1895–1960), a federation that included the modern-day countries of Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso ... More

Al-Durr, Shajarat  

Azza El Kholy

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Shajarat Al-Durr’s life and death constitute a story that deserves to be told. Turkic in origin, she was sold into slavery but grew up to become a great Sultana. She was purchased by Al- ... More

Free French Africa  

Eric Jennings

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Free French Africa was the part of the French empire that came under the control of General Charles de Gaulle’s movement. From 1940 to 1943, it encompassed French Equatorial Africa and ... More

Girlhood in Africa  

Sarah Bellows-Blakely

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
There is no singular or universal experience of girlhood in Africa. Conceptions of childhood, youth, generation, gender, and sexuality have differed across the continent and around the ... More

Labor History of East Africa  

Bill Freund

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
This paper concerns the long-term evolution of labor in East Africa up to the twenty-first century. While it considers the classic themes of labor history, trade unions, strikes and ... More

Lakwena, Alice  

Heike Behrend

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Alice Lakwena’s transformation from a healer into a Christian prophetess occurred during a period of civil war and unrest in Uganda. In 1986, she founded the Holy Spirit Mobile Forces ... More

The Many Lives of Nelson Mandela  

Tom Lodge

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Biographical portrayals of Mandela have been strongly influenced by his own self-representations, beginning with his trial testimonies in 1962 and 1964. Authorized narratives about his life ... More

Mernissi, Fatima  

Raja Rhouni

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Fatima Mernissi (1940–2015) was a sociologist, writer, feminist, and activist, and above all a free thinker and an avowed humanist. She was committed to dialogue, dismantling all sorts of ... More

Motherhood and Maternalism  

Lorelle Semley

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The nature of motherhood and maternalism in Africa challenges perceptions and assumptions about women, families, and societies in unexpected ways. Across Africa, motherhood has operated as ... More

Ping, Jean  

Jeremy Rich

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Jean Ping (born November 24, 1942) was a leading figure in Gabonese politics from the late 1980s well into the 21st century. His mother belonged to the Nkomi ethnic group and his father was ... More

Please use Emerging Modernities in 19th-Century Africa  

Rebecca Shumway

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
While the single most consequential event in Africa during the 19th century was European colonization of the continent, most of the century was characterized by tremendous growth and ... More

Women and Genocide in Africa  

Erin Jessee

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Genocide, defined in international law as killings and related mass atrocities that are committed “with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious ... More

Women and Slavery in Africa  

Mariana P. Candido

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Kidnapping, warfare, seizure, and enslavement were gendered experiences in the sense that men, women, and children did not necessarily face the same process. Each enslaved woman and man was ... More

Women in Associations and Organizations  

Alice Kang

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Associations and organizations are groups of individuals who form a body to achieve an aim. Women’s leadership and membership in associations constitute a vital part of Africa’s economic, ... More

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