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An Environmental History of Southern Africa  

Jasper Knight

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Southern Africa has experienced significant environmental changes since the breakup of the Gondwana supercontinent, starting around 180 million years ago. These environmental changes ... More

Animals in African History  

Sandra Swart

Animal history in Africa—the multi-species story of the continent’s past—as a separate subdisciplinary “turn” is both recent and tentative, but as an integrated theme within the broader ... More

Archaeology of Colonial Settlement at the Cape  

Antonia Malan

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Colonial settlement at the southern tip of Africa was pre-dated by 150 years of occasional encounters with European mariners. They touched on the coast to refresh water barrels, barter for ... More

The Bantu Expansion  

Koen Bostoen

The Bantu Expansion stands for the concurrent dispersal of Bantu languages and Bantu-speaking people from an ancestral homeland situated in the Grassfields region in the borderland between ... More

Christian Missions and the State in 19th and 20th Century Angola and Mozambique  

Teresa Cruz e Silva

Online publication date:
May 2017
Christian missionary work in Angola and Mozambique during the colonial and postcolonial eras was shaped by a complex of factors related to religion, education, and politics. Missionaries’ ... More

Communism in South Africa  

Irina Filatova

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The history of communism in South Africa began with the formation in 1921 of the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA). The party was entirely white, as was the majority of organized ... More

Digital Sources in Europe for African History  

Marion Wallace

There are copious resources for the study of African history on the internet. They include manuscripts and documentary archives, maps, museum collections, newspapers, printed books, picture ... More

Ethnographic Analogy in Archaeology: Methodological Insights from Southern Africa  

Mark McGranaghan

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Analogical arguments are central to and pervasive within archaeological discourse. Within these arguments, ethnographic analogies are often seen as being particularly problematic exercises ... More

Genetics and Southern African History  

Francesco Montinaro and Cristian Capelli

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Southern Africa’s past is constellated by a series of demographic events tracing back to the dawn of our species, approximately 300,000 years ago. The intricate pattern of population ... More

History of Mozambique  

Eugénia Rodrigues

The peoples of early-21st-century Mozambique underwent different historical experiences which, to a certain extent, were homogenized when Portuguese colonialism encompassed the entire ... More

History of South Africa’s Bantustans  

Laura Phillips

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
With the passing of the Bantu Authorities Act in 1951, the apartheid set in motion the creation of ten bantustans, one of South Africa’s most infamous projects of racial ordering. Also ... More

HIV/AIDS in South Africa  

Rebecca Hodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Approximately 36.7 million people worldwide are living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Almost 20 percent of South Africa’s adult population (aged fifteen to forty-nine) is ... More

Interactions among Precolonial Foragers, Herders, and Farmers in Southern Africa  

James R. Denbow

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Present data indicate that the domestication of wild cattle indigenous to the northern Sahara took place approximately eight to nine thousand years ago. This was followed around seven ... More

International Solidarity with FRELIMO in Mozambique during the Liberation Struggle  

Corrado Tornimbeni

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Nationalism in Mozambique was characterized by a plurality of leaders who competed for influence both within and outside the Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO). Each of them tried ... More

The Land Question in South Africa: 1913 and Beyond  

Cherryl Walker

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since 1913, the “land question” in South Africa has revolved around the major inequalities in access to and rights over land between the black majority and the white minority of the ... More

Legacies of South Africa’s Apartheid Wars  

Gary Baines

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
South Africa’s Apartheid Wars had a profound effect on shaping the postcolonial landscape of the region, as well as the country itself. This much is evident from the difficulties ... More

Maps and Cartography in the History of South Africa: From Print to Digital  

Norman Etherington

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The first well-attested maps showing Southern Africa date from the late 15th century. Before the 19th century, maps provided little information about the interior but depicted coastlines in ... More

The Marine Fisheries of South Africa  

Lance van Sittert

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The South African fisheries are environmentally bifurcated by the different current regimes on the west (Benguela) and east (Agulhas) coasts. Limited precolonial subsistence use of the ... More

Mbeki, Govan  

Colin Bundy

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Govan Mbeki was a South African politician, writer, long-term political prisoner, and father of President Thabo Mbeki. His political career was distinctive among African leaders of his ... More

Mental Illness, Psychiatry, and the South African State, 1800s to 2018  

Julie Parle

Online publication date:
May 2019
Definitions of and explanations for mental illness differ between societies and have changed over time. Current use of the term arises from secular and materialist epistemologies of the ... More

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