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African Feminist Thought  

Amina Mama

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
African feminist thought refers to the dynamic ideas, reflections, theories and other expressions of intellectual practices by politically radical African women concerned with liberating ... More

African Market Women, Market Queens, and Merchant Queens  

Gracia Clark

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
In the open marketplaces found in cities and villages throughout Africa, women traders usually predominate. This gives women considerable weight as economic actors, because these ... More

African Masculinities  

Ndubueze L. Mbah

As a system of identity, African masculinity is much more than a cluster of norms, values, and behavioral patterns expressing explicit and implicit expectations of how men should act and ... More

African Women in Art  

Nomusa Makhubu

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The intersecting histories of African women artists are often found in three historical categories: traditional/classical, modern, and contemporary. As historical categories they mark the ... More

African Women in Colonial Settler Towns in East and Southern Africa  

Diana Jeater

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The first permanent African residents of the new towns established by whites in southern and eastern Africa at the end of the 19th century were female. These towns were new social spaces, ... More

African Women in Film, the Moving Image, and Screen Culture  

Beti Ellerson

While African women in film have distinct histories and trajectories, at the same time they have common goals and objectives. Hence, “African women in film” is a concept, an idea, with a ... More

Animals in African History  

Sandra Swart

Animal history in Africa—the multi-species story of the continent’s past—as a separate subdisciplinary “turn” is both recent and tentative, but as an integrated theme within the broader ... More

The Anlu Rebellion  

Jacqueline-Bethel Tchouta Mougoué

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
From 1958 to 1961, Kom women in western Cameroon cast aside their regular domestic and agricultural duties to engage in a revolt against British administrative interference in ... More

The Archaeology of Gender in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Lyn Wadley

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The meaning and context of gender is contested even in the 21st century. No generalizations about gender are applicable through time or across space. Even where gender roles are defined by ... More

Bodily Ways of Knowing: Anthropological and Historical Approaches to Affect and the Senses  

Kathryn Linn Geurts

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
For centuries, European and Global North observers of non-Western societies have been fascinated by African bodily expressivity and power. Artistic and ritual displays of bodily ways of ... More

de Sousa, Noémia  

Hilary Owen

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Noémia de Sousa (1926–2002) is traditionally designated as the founding mother of Mozambican national poetry. She was the only woman poet in Mozambique to play a major role in shaping the ... More

Funmilayo (Anikulapo) Ransome-Kuti: Nigerian Anti-Imperialist, Humanist, and Feminist Activist  

Cheryl Johnson-Odim

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
In the late 19th and 20th centuries, massive numbers of African women, poor and rich, educated and uneducated, were deeply involved in resistance to European colonialism/imperialism and ... More

Mariama Ba  

Souad T. Ali

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Mariama Ba was a renowned feminist, author, and advocate for women’s rights in her home country of Senegal, Africa, and globally. After attending and thriving at the French École Normale ... More

Nana Asma’u  

Alaine Hutson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Asma’u bint Shehu Usman dan Fodio (1793–1865) was an Islamic scholar, poet, and educational leader in what is now Northern Nigeria. She is best known as Nana Asma’u. A daughter of Shehu ... More

Ngoyi, Lilian  

Iris Berger

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Lilian Masediba Matabane Ngoyi was a passionate anti-apartheid and women’s rights advocate and one of the most prominent woman leaders during the 1950s. Born in Pretoria in 1911, she ... More

North Africa and France: Imperialism, Colonialism, and Women, 1830–1962  

Julia Clancy-Smith

The workings of modern empire can better be viewed through the lens of gender because gendered hierarchies illuminate broad, intersecting aspects of the colonial project. ... More

Reproductive Health, Fertility Control, and Childbirth  

Susanne M. Klausen

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Fertility has long been highly prized in Africa, especially in societies where economic production depended mainly on human labor power. In addition to their role as future workers, ... More

Rodrigues, Deolinda  

Margarida Paredes

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Deolinda Rodrigues is a prominent figure in the Angolan history of the Liberation Struggle. Her thought and life history are relatively unknown in and outside Angola. Reflection on her life ... More

Sex Work/Prostitution in Africa  

Chi Adanna Mgbako

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Sex work, the exchange of sexual services for financial or other reward between consenting adults, has existed in Africa in varying forms from precolonial to modern times (with a ... More

Swazi Women’s Resilience regarding Patriarchy, Marginalization, and the HIV/AIDS Pandemic  

Betty Harris

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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