The Oxford Encyclopedia of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and the Diaspora in African History

Both colonial and early nationalist writers of African history have tried to minimize the importance of the slave trade in our study of Africa’s past and present. Increasingly, however, scholars have recognized the significance of the institution for any understanding of African history—both within the continent and throughout the Diaspora. Most of Africa entered into relations with the rest of the world as a producer of coerced labor. The Nile Valley and the coast of Northeast Africa were sources of slaves for ancient Egypt, and by the colonial period dating from the 15th to the 19th centuries, the slave trade had become a major activity shaping political, economic, and social structures. In the 21st century, Africa is a focal point for international debates regarding modern versions of slavery.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and the Diaspora in African History will be the first reference work of its kind to explore this history: a comprehensive resource that aims to cover the development, practice, and legacy of the institution of slavery in Africa and the Diaspora, while utilizing the rapidly evolving scholarship in archaeology, ethnography, anthropology, and economics. Articles will incoorperate the latest scholarship, which has shifted away from the viewpoint of colonizers, traders, and politicians, and has sought to incorporate the voices and experiences of all the people who were involved. Moreover, articles will look beyond the landmark historical and political events to examine the impact on culture and modern global relations.

Volume Editor

Martin A. Klein, University of Toronto

Editorial Board




Ideologies and Politics on Enslavement

Changing Patterns of Enslavement and Slave Trades

Mobility and Transformation Under Slavery

Struggles Against Slave Trades and Slavery

Abolition and Emancipation

Aftermath of Slavery and Slave Trades



African Religions in Brazil (Luis Nicolau Parés)
Ahmed Bâba at-Timbuktî (Hamadou Adama)
ʿAlī Eisami Gazirmabe (Richard Anderson)
André do Couto Godinho (Lucilene Reginaldo)
The Dutch Slave Trade in the Atlantic, 1600-1800 (Pieter Emmer, Henk den Heijer)
Forced Labor in Portuguese Africa (Zachary Kagan Guthrie)
Islam and Emancipation (Sean Hanretta)
Kafuxi Ambari of Kisama (Crislayne Alfagali)
Liberated Africans (Richard Anderson)
Middle Passage (Anita Rupprecht)
Nicholas Said (Mohammed Bashir Salau)
Omar ibn Said (Mbaye Lo)
Post-Slavery (Baz Lecocq, Lotte Pelckmans)
Red Sea Slave Trade (Jonathan Miran)
Routes to Emancipation in East Africa (Felicitas Becker, Michelle Liebst)
Routes to Emancipation in Ethiopia (Alexander Meckelburg, Giulia Bonacci)
Slavery and the Slave Trade in Ethiopia and Eritrea (Giulia Bonacci, Alexander Meckelburg)
Slavery in Luanda and Benguela (Mariana P. Candido, Vanessa S. Oliveira)
Sugar Plantation Slavery (Klas Rönnbäck)
The Portuguese Slave Trade (Arlindo Caldeira)
Zubair Pasha (Scopas Poggo)