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African Feminist Thought  

Amina Mama

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
African feminist thought refers to the dynamic ideas, reflections, theories and other expressions of intellectual practices by politically radical African women concerned with liberating ... More

African Market Women, Market Queens, and Merchant Queens  

Gracia Clark

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
In the open marketplaces found in cities and villages throughout Africa, women traders usually predominate. This gives women considerable weight as economic actors, because these ... More

African Masculinities  

Ndubueze L. Mbah

As a system of identity, African masculinity is much more than a cluster of norms, values, and behavioral patterns expressing explicit and implicit expectations of how men should act and ... More

African Women in Art  

Nomusa Makhubu

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The intersecting histories of African women artists are often found in three historical categories: traditional/classical, modern, and contemporary. As historical categories they mark the ... More

African Women in Colonial Settler Towns in East and Southern Africa  

Diana Jeater

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The first permanent African residents of the new towns established by whites in southern and eastern Africa at the end of the 19th century were female. These towns were new social spaces, ... More

African Women in Film, the Moving Image, and Screen Culture  

Beti Ellerson

While African women in film have distinct histories and trajectories, at the same time they have common goals and objectives. Hence, “African women in film” is a concept, an idea, with a ... More

al-Nafzaouiya, Zaynab  

Hasna Lebbady and Hiam El Hilali

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Referred to as the best-known Amazigh malika (queen), Zaynab al-Nafzaouiya was centrally involved with the building of the Almoravid dynasty of Morocco and its empire in the 11th century. ... More

Animals in African History  

Sandra Swart

Animal history in Africa—the multi-species story of the continent’s past—as a separate subdisciplinary “turn” is both recent and tentative, but as an integrated theme within the broader ... More

The Anlu Rebellion  

Jacqueline-Bethel Tchouta Mougoué

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
From 1958 to 1961, Kom women in western Cameroon cast aside their regular domestic and agricultural duties to engage in a revolt against British administrative interference in ... More

The Archaeology of Gender in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Lyn Wadley

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The meaning and context of gender is contested even in the 21st century. No generalizations about gender are applicable through time or across space. Even where gender roles are defined by ... More

Ben M’rad, Bchira  

Lilia Labidi

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The Tunisian Bchira Ben M’rad (1913–1993), a feminist for some, a reformist for others, was a significant figure in Tunisia in the first half of the 20th century in the struggles for ... More

Bibi Titi Mohamed  

Chambi Chachage

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
African women were at the forefront of nationalistic struggles for independence in Africa that were at their height in the 1950s. In mainland Tanzania, then known as Tanganyika, Bibi Titi ... More

Bodily Ways of Knowing: Anthropological and Historical Approaches to Affect and the Senses  

Kathryn Linn Geurts

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
For centuries, European and Global North observers of non-Western societies have been fascinated by African bodily expressivity and power. Artistic and ritual displays of bodily ways of ... More

de Sousa, Noémia  

Hilary Owen

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Noémia de Sousa (1926–2002) is traditionally designated as the founding mother of Mozambican national poetry. She was the only woman poet in Mozambique to play a major role in shaping the ... More

Al-Durr, Shajarat  

Azza El Kholy

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Shajarat Al-Durr’s life and death constitute a story that deserves to be told. Turkic in origin, she was sold into slavery but grew up to become a great Sultana. She was purchased by Al- ... More

Funmilayo (Anikulapo) Ransome-Kuti: Nigerian Anti-Imperialist, Humanist, and Feminist Activist  

Cheryl Johnson-Odim

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
In the late 19th and 20th centuries, massive numbers of African women, poor and rich, educated and uneducated, were deeply involved in resistance to European colonialism/imperialism and ... More

Girlhood in Africa  

Sarah Bellows-Blakely

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
There is no singular or universal experience of girlhood in Africa. Conceptions of childhood, youth, generation, gender, and sexuality have differed across the continent and around the ... More

Lakwena, Alice  

Heike Behrend

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Alice Lakwena’s transformation from a healer into a Christian prophetess occurred during a period of civil war and unrest in Uganda. In 1986, she founded the Holy Spirit Mobile Forces ... More

Mariama Ba  

Souad T. Ali

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Mariama Ba was a renowned feminist, author, and advocate for women’s rights in her home country of Senegal, Africa, and globally. After attending and thriving at the French École Normale ... More

Mernissi, Fatima  

Raja Rhouni

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Fatima Mernissi (1940–2015) was a sociologist, writer, feminist, and activist, and above all a free thinker and an avowed humanist. She was committed to dialogue, dismantling all sorts of ... More

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