- Terri OchiaghaTerri OchiaghaUniversity of Edinburgh
Chinua Achebe, acclaimed as the “father of modern African literature,” came to canonical prominence thanks to the seismic impact of his first novel, Things Fall Apart (1958)—the best-known work of African literature in the world—and his indictment of colonial discourse in the seminal essay “An Image of Africa: Racism in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness,” originally delivered as a lecture at the University of Massachusetts in 1974. His influence and impact, however, far surpasses these two literary events. While Things Fall Apart was neither the first African novel nor the first to capture the trauma of the colonial encounter, Achebe’s transliteration of the Igbo language—its beauty, philosophy, and cadences of speech—in clear, eloquent prose, and his intimate knowledge and subversion of the Western literary tradition enthused literary critics around the world, inspired generations of African writers, and was key in instituting African literature as a field of scholarly inquiry. He further helped shape the direction of African writing in editorial roles—most notably as the founding editor of Heinemann’s African Writers Series—and through his manifold critical and biographical essays, many of which preempt ideas at the core of postcolonial theory, albeit with a more accessible and mellifluous idiom.
Over the course of his writing career, Achebe published five novels (Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease , Arrow of God , A Man of the People , and Anthills of the Savannah ), children’s books (Chike and the River , How the Leopard Got His Claws , The Flute , and The Drum ), two collections of short stories (The Sacrificial Egg and Other Stories  and Girls at War and Other Stories ), two volumes of poetry (Beware, Soul Brother  and Collected Poems ), four collections of essays (Morning Yet on Creation Day , Hopes and Impediments , Home and Exile , and The Education of a British-Protected Child ), a political treatise (The Trouble with Nigeria ), and his final work, There Was a Country (2012), a memoir on his experiences of the Nigerian Civil War.
- West Africa