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Letter from the editor

Black Girlhood in 20th-Century America

"This “exclusionary politics of protection” however, undergirded African American struggles for civil rights and equity throughout the 20th century. And, quite significantly, black girlhood is nothing less than central to understanding race, gender, and black activism in the 20th century. Girls simultaneously served as symbols representing the hopes and possibilities of race progress, and as actors in the quest for black freedom. ..." – By Miya Carey

Financial Crises in American History

"How, when, and why have financial crises occurred in the United States? One of the recurrent and defining features of U.S. history, financial crises are instances of a system-wide loss of confidence and increase in perceived risk that have led people to sell stocks and bonds or withdraw money from banks. ..." – By Christoph Nitschke and Mark Rose

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