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Letter from the editor

The Sand Creek Massacre

"At dawn on November 29, 1864, a combined force of volunteer cavalry and regular army troops attacked a village of Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho peoples on Sand Creek, or Big Sandy, a tributary of the Arkansas River in southeastern Colorado. Those in the village had surrendered at nearby Fort Lyon weeks earlier and were waiting for instructions about future negotiations with the federal government. ..." – By Elliott West

Labor and Chinese Exclusion in US History

"In the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, white workers, labor reformers, and their organizations pioneered efforts to push local and national governments to deny entry, naturalization, and civil rights to Chinese and eventually other Asian migrants. Arguably, anti-Chinese policies first enacted at the federal level in the 1880s represented trade unions’ most significant and lasting legislative victory until the New Deal era of the 1930s, when, amid the Great Depression, workers finally won substantive legal protections and collective bargaining rights. ..." – By Justin F. Jackson

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In December 2021, 95 new full articles, 26 revised articles, and 1 new summary article across 18 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

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