Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

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Letter from the editor

Business in the Civil War: Trade, Markets, and Industry

"The Civil War disrupted domestic and international trade. Union strategy included a considerable focus on economic warfare, especially in the form of a naval blockade of Southern ports. Because the war..." – By Mark R. Wilson

Indigenous Peoples and the Environment since 1890

"By the late 19th century, the Indigenous peoples of what became the United States, in an effort to avoid utter genocide, had ceded or otherwise lost their land and control of their natural resources..." – By Marsha Weisiger

What's New to the OREs

In May 2024, 99 full new articles and 11 revised articles, spread across 23 subjects, have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform.

Find out more about the newest discipline to be added: the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Food Studies.

One More Encyclopedia Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access

On January 30, after a successful free period during development, the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics has been made available via subscription and perpetual access to libraries and institutions worldwide.

Browse all ORE physics articles

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Recently Published

Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.